Sayyid (also spelt Saiyed, Seyit, Seyd, Said, Syed, Sayed, Sayyed, Saiyid, Seyed and Seyyed) (Arabic: سيد, Persian: [sejˈjed]; meaning "Mister"; plural: Saadat or Sadat Arabic: سادة sādah is an honorific title denoting people (feminine version: sayyidah سيدة) accepted as descendants of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his cousin Imam Ali through his grandsons, Imam Hasan ibn Ali and Imam Husayn ibn Ali, sons of Muhammad's daughter Fatimah and son-in-law Ali (Ali ibn Abi Talib). Female sayyids are given the titles Sayyida, Syeda, Alawiyah or Sharifa. In some regions of the Islamic world, such as in India, the descendants of Muhammad are given the title Amir or Mir, meaning commander, general.
Yes, a Seyid male/female is allowed to marry a non-Seyid male/female. There is nowhere in our religion that somehow forces Seyids/Seyidahs to marry someone like them. This has also unfortunately turned into a very negative culture as well. The esteemed Marja' A.U. Seyid Sistani has pointed to this in a statement where he admonished some parents who cling onto this wrong culture and reject prospect spouses on the basis that they are not Seyids/Seyidahs.
With prayers for your success.
The Sayyid title is applied to all of the descendants of Hashim (they are called Hashimis) so it includes all of Imam Ali's (as) children.
May you always be successful
Why would God punish or restrict a woman due to her paternal lineage to only allow her to marry a certain group of men, whereas other Muslim women are allowed to marry any Muslim man?
However, I do think it's advisable to take sect into consideration when marrying, and to make sure that the husband and wife have compatible ideas about religion, especially if there is the possibility of children. However, this is general advice, not related to one's lineage.
Sayyed belongs to the family tree of the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA), that is why he should respect and act upon the teachings of the Prophet (SAWA) and Ahlul Bayt (AS).
Pious Sayyeds have great rule in history of Muslims in spreading the message of Islam in many countries. Great number of our Maraaji' of Taqleed, leading scholars, authors and teachers are Sayyeds.
Some of the scholars stated that the good deeds of Sayyed will have more reward, while bad deeds from him will cause him more hardship. They mention the Quranic verse 33:30 ( يضاعف لها العذاب ضعفين )as an evidence which states doubling the punishment of the sins if committed by a wife of the Prophet (SAWA). Sayyeds should keep the respect of the Prophet (SAWA) and Ahlul Bayt (AS) in their behavior.
Every Muslim must respect the Sayyeds and help them as far as he can.
The Prophetic Hadeeth states: Love Allah, for His bounties on you, and love me for the love of Allah, and love my Progeny (Ahlul Bayt) for my love.
We have many Hadeethes encouraging Muslims to be kind, co-operative, helpful and respecting Sadaat (Sayyeds) being from the family tree of the Prophet (SAWA).
Yes it is allowed.
Marriage between any Mo'min male and Mo'min female is permissible if other conditions are met.
he authentic Hadeeth from Ahlul Bayt (AS) states : المؤمن كفؤ المؤمنة Every believer man is compatible to marry a believer woman.
The child belongs to his father in the matter of Sayyed or non Sayyed. Most of our great Ulama say that children of non Sayyed from Sayyeda mother are considered as non Sayyed just like their father.
According to our leading scholars, the answer to your question is: Yes.
Imam Hasan (A) is said to have had about 15 or 16 children, but there are some historical disagreements about the details of how many children he had or who else [apart from al-Qasim's mother] he also was married to.
Allah (SWT) the Glorious, has saved Imam al-Sajjad (AS) in Kerbala to
keep the Imamate which is compulsory not only for Islam and Muslims
but also for the whole universe. Sadaat are not only the grand
children of Imam Husain (AS) but also the grand children of Imam Hasan
(AS) who are also called Hasani Sadaat. In fact all the Grand Children of Bani
Hashim, the grand-father of the Holy Prophet (SAWA) are called
Well, there are also a lot of descendants of Imam al-Hasan (A) especially in places like Morocco. It is recorded to have been said that if Imam al-Husayn (A) was killed, there would be no grandson of the Prophet (S) alive on the earth anymore, in the sense of the son of the daughter of the Prophet (S). This is true, as Imam Hasan (A) had already been martyred by that time.
However the line of the Imamate went through Imam al-Sajjad (A) so the line of the imamate would have been cut off in that way.
Anyway, it is a good question and demonstrates excellent critical thinking skills!
This claim is based on cultural view in the sub continent and among some believers who have influence from that culture. In Islam, we do not have any discrimination between believers from any background, language, ethnicity, etc.
Those who claim that Sayyeda is forbidden from marrying a Non Sayyed need to present evidence and they will never be able to present any authentic evidence as our authentic narrations from the Prophet (SAWA) and Ahlul Bayt (AS) confirm that any believer man can marry any believer woman whether Sayyed or non Sayyed. Our leading Ulama and Maraaji' of Taqleed who are Sayyeds have given their daughters in marriage to non Sayyed believer e.g.
1. Ayatullah Sayyed Mohsin Al-Hakeem (AR).
2- Ayatullah Sayyed Abul Qasim Al-Khoei (AR).
3. Ayatullah Sayyed Ruhullah Al-Khumaini (AR).
4. Ayatullah Sayyed Mohammad Redha Gulpaigani (AR).
5. Ayatullah Sayyed Mohammad Saeed Al-Hakeem.
Cultural point of view should not overcome religious teachings. The damages of creating such restrictions will make thousands of our daughters suffer and it can ruin life of some of them. No doubt, those who caused this suffering will be responsible in this life and hereafter.
We finally tell them to ask the Marji' of Taqleed whom they follow who are the most knowledgeable about the teachings of the Prophet (SAWA) and Ahlul Bayt (AS).