Companions of the Prophet or aṣ-ṣaḥābah (الصحابة meaning "the companions", from the verb صَحِبَ meaning "accompany", "keep company with", "associate with") were followers of Mohammed who "saw or met the prophet during his lifetime and were physically in his presence".
Thank you for your question. Shiism revears the companions of the Prophet (saw) and does not deny the role that they played in establishing the religion of Islam alongside the Prophet (saw), especially those that fought and sacrificed their lives, property and families for the divine cause. At the forefront of those who sacrificed in the way of Islam were the household of the Prophet (saw). But all of the companions (if defined as simply those who saw the Prophet (saw)) did not play the same role. Indeed, among those surrounding the Prophet (saw) were those who were hypocrites, or those that only chose Islam after defeat. Some of them later played a detrimental role to the spread of Islam, by preferring political power over the message of Islam. The protection of the essence of Islam, according to the Shia, was a role carried out by the household of the Prophet (saw) due to their knowledge and merit and it is because of them that the message of Islam was not distorted beyond repair for the Muslim
Community as a whole.
May you always be successful
The Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) was putting all his efforts to teach, preach and protect Islam. He had to deal with persons who had tribal links to make their tribes near to Islam or away frm joining the enemies of Islam. He knew that many persons around him are not sincere Muslims but Munafiqs and he said it but with out naming them to avoid more harm for Islam. Allah (SW) in Quran has mentioned the hypocrites who come to the Prophet (SAWA) claiming that they believe in him, but Allah says that they are liars (Sura Al-Munafiqoon).
All the Prophets had around them good and bad persons and they could not expose the bad ones. Prophet Easa (AS) has suffered from a companion from his very close companions who reported him to the enemies to kill him but Allah (SWT) save Easa and raised him to the sky and made that betraying companion in the shape of Easa, then the enemies of Easa caught and killed and crucifies him.
Companions of Prophet Moses (AS) had among them good and bad as well, that is why, many of his companions worshipped an animal when Moses was away from the for 40 days, following one of their leaders (Al-Saamiri) and against the pious leader Haroon who was the successor appointed by Moses.
The Shia put the companions into different categories just like the Quran does.
Among the companions, were the pious believers who sacrificed their wealth, lives and even fought against their own relatives in battles. These Sahaba will be those we can consider in jannah and who we want to follow.
On the other hand, we had companions of the Prophet Mohammad (sawa) who were hypocrites and had their own worldly interests.
Some of these companions also insulted the Prophet as well as oppressed his progeny after his martyrdom.
We also have some companions that we aren’t sure about or whose names didn’t reach us. Therefore it is imperative to search through history to determine which companions remained steadfast upon the correct path.
With regard to the wives of the Prophet, we also look through their biographies individually to see if they were pious or not. Allah The Exalted states in the holy Quran:
O wives of the Prophet! You are not like any of the [other] women, provided that you taqwa (consciousness of God)...
- Quran 33:32.
This verse is clear in giving a condition to the wives of the holy prophet that they will be respected if they remain pious. The verse is a clear evidence in showing that the wives of the prophet are not immune from going astray and must attain their status through maintaining piety.
Whilst Shias love and respect wives of the prophet such as Lady Khadijah, Umm Salama and Māriyah, we have a negative view on other wives such as Aisha. This isn’t due to personal reasons, rather it is down to clear proofs within the Quran and sunnah of her actions. Below, I will provide some summarised points about Aisha according to the Shia opinion and you may research further inshallah.
- Aisha was one of the wives severely condemned in the Quran chapter 66 of the holy Quran for her actions against the Prophet.
- She led a war against the Commander of the faithful Imam Ali (peace be upon him) which resulted in the deaths of 30,000 Muslims
- She fabricated thousands of Hadiths and falsely attributed them to the Prophet (peace be upon him and his pure family. This besmirched the Prophet’s reputation, degraded his personality and “opened a door of verbal attacks” against him by non-Muslims.
There are many more reasons one can search to get a clear picture of why Aisha is viewed negatively by the Shia Muslims.
May Allah grant you success.
Thank you for the interesting question! I am not aware of any companions of the Prophet (S) who travelled all the way to Cape Verde, especially since most of the early Muslims did not have strong skills with boats. Perhaps this refers to someone else who went there (such as an explorer, trader, migrant, or general) who said something similar, or maybe it refers to someone who stood at a different location and said something similar.
However, absence of evidence is not proof that it did not happen. Possibly, someone will locate evidence that this happened!
A practical way to get such counts is to use specialist hadith software or websites. It will need a good command over Arabic as such advanced and comprehensive search tools are not available in English.
I have not come across any ayah or any hadith that says so, although there may be hadiths that do.