Karbala (كَرْبَلَاء, romanized: Karbalāʾ; Persian: کربلا) or Kerbala is a city in central Iraq, located about 100 km (62 mi) southwest of Baghdad, and a few dozen miles east of Lake Milh. Karbala is the capital of Karbala Governorate, and has an estimated population of 700,000 people (2015). The city, best known as the location of the Battle of Karbala in 680 CE, or the Mosques of Imam Husayn and Abbas, is considered a holy city for Shi'ite Muslims in the same way as Mecca and Medina.
We have in our books that many other sons of Imam Ali (AS) were martyred in Karbala beside Imam Husain (AS) and four sons from Ummul Baneen e.g. Ebrahim ibn Ali, Bakr ibn Ali, Amr ibn Ali, Mohammad al-Asghar ibn Al, Abdullah al-Asghar ibn Ali.
Imam Hasan (A) is said to have had about 15 or 16 children, but there are some historical disagreements about the details of how many children he had or who else [apart from al-Qasim's mother] he also was married to.
Allah (SWT) the Glorious, has saved Imam al-Sajjad (AS) in Kerbala to
keep the Imamate which is compulsory not only for Islam and Muslims
but also for the whole universe. Sadaat are not only the grand
children of Imam Husain (AS) but also the grand children of Imam Hasan
(AS) who are also called Hasani Sadaat. In fact all the Grand Children of Bani
Hashim, the grand-father of the Holy Prophet (SAWA) are called
Well, there are also a lot of descendants of Imam al-Hasan (A) especially in places like Morocco. It is recorded to have been said that if Imam al-Husayn (A) was killed, there would be no grandson of the Prophet (S) alive on the earth anymore, in the sense of the son of the daughter of the Prophet (S). This is true, as Imam Hasan (A) had already been martyred by that time.
However the line of the Imamate went through Imam al-Sajjad (A) so the line of the imamate would have been cut off in that way.
Anyway, it is a good question and demonstrates excellent critical thinking skills!
Many people traveled from Madina with Imam Husain (AS) but their numbers are not exactly known to us because we find in different books of history different numbers.
You can find some details on the website of mam Husain Shrine www.imamhussain.org
as salam alaikum
different sources depict Shimr Ibn Dhil-Jawshan and Sinan Ibn Anas as the killers of Husayn, peace be upon him. It is evident that both played a role in the killing although there may be some variations in the details of various reports. Both were fighting along the army of 'Umar Ibn Sa'd, sent by 'Ubaydullah Ibn Zayd, appointed by Yazid Ibn Mu'awiyah.
With prayers for your success.
It is permissible to prostrate on a clay on which something is written, though it is much better to prostrate on plain clay ( Torbah) or Mohr or Sajdagah.
No Sajda but only to Allah (SWT).
The Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) and The Infallible Imams refused and forbade Sajda to them and said that Sajda is only to Allah (SWT).
We have many authentic Hadeeths on this fact.
The Sajda of the angles to Adam (AS) was in fact to Allah (SWT) who ordered the angles to do it.
Sajda in the shrines of Ahlu Bayt (AS) is in fact Sajda of Shokr (Thanking Prostration) , to thank Allah (SWT) who granted us he great bounty to reach and visit the shrines of Ahlul Bayt (AS).
We should not conflate the reward of the Ziyaras or Hajj. Performing one does not mean we should not perform the other. Hajj has its specific times and the Ziyara of Imam Hussayn has a specific time. If you can afford to perform both, that would be great. Keep in mind, those who perform Hajj will also have the opportunity to visit RasulAllah, FatimaZahra, and the Imams in Baqee'.
We believe that every act of the Infallible is based on the complete wisdom which may not be available to us as our thinking is limited.
The wisdom behind the way of fighting the enemies in Karbala can be to avoid immediate collapse of the camp of Imam Husain (AS) looking at huge numbers of the enemies facing small number of believers.
It can be also to give more chances to the army of the enemies to reconsider their stand.
After all, the whole wisdom of that arrangements is with Imam Husain (AS) which aims definitely to serve the noble aims of Islam.
The presence of women is a fundamental and important element of understanding the true philosophy of Karbala. As for the precise number of females in the camp of Imam Husain (a.s.) in Karbala, there is no exact consensus for this.
In one reference (al-nafas al-mahmum) it is said that there were twenty, being either wives, mothers or daughters.
Here are two links (in Arabic) that give detailed description of this analysis:
With prayers for your success.
The tragedy of Ashura' and the martyrdom of the companions and family members of Ahlul Bayt (a.s.) did not extend for a long time, and within this short duration of the battle, the sad event enfolded quickly. Historians do mention the first who was martyred, and the last.
There were also common combating practices, like duel fights, but what made the tragedy more severe was that none of these fighting rituals were observed. In general, it was Imam Husain (a.s.) who granted permission for the companions and members of Ahlul Bayt (a.s) to fight.
And Allah knows best.