Ramadan (; Arabic: رمضان Ramaḍān, also known as Ramazan, romanized as Ramzan, Ramadhan, or Ramathan) is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, and is observed by Muslims worldwide as a month of fasting (Sawm) to commemorate the first revelation of the Quran to Muhammad according to Islamic belief.
The reward of reciting every verse of Quran during all 11 months is a degree in Paradise, but during the month of Ramadhan, the reward for reciting every Verse is equal to reciting the whole Quran.
Thank you for your question. It is recommended to fast for both the months of Rajab and Shaban.
May you always be successful
Yes of course. In fact it is mentioned in many Hadeeths from the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) and his Holy Progeny Ahlul Bayt (AS) that it is recommended to fast any number of days or the whole month of Rajab and any number of days or the whole month of Sha'ban for those who can, and for those who can not fast the whole month, then to fast any number of days in Rajab and Sha'ban. The Prophet (SAWA) himself used to fast the whole month of Sha'ban and used to link it with fasting of the month of Ramadhan.
If the gum had a taste in your mouth, you must spit it out, but if the gum had no taste, then you are allowed to swallow the saliva and your fast is valid.
If a person deliberately did not fast any day of the Month of Ramadhan, he has committed a sinful act and he must that day as Qadha and he must fast two months or feed sixty poor Momineen for not fasting that day.
Exams is not be a valid reason to leave fasting, so, the above rule is applicable.
It is rather the opposite, as we can see that many Sunnis and Shia start the holy month of Ramadhan, and have Eids together on the same day. The issue is that in the Sunni world there is a difference of opinion as to whether the beginning of the lunar month can be pre-announced, or must it be eye-witness.
In Sunni communities there are those who follow Saudi Arabia's announcement, for example, and there are those who follow the local moon-sighting, by the naked eye.
For further statistics on this, please review the following site:
The Night of Qadr according to most authentic Hadeeths is 19th or 21st or 23rd of the Month of Ramadan.
Most of our brothers and sisters who follow Sunni sects think that 27th is the most likely night of Qadr. This is because of the Sunni rulers who wanted to drive the Muslims away from the narrations and teachings of Ahlul Bayt (AS).
In fact, there are many authentic Hadeeths in Sunni books stating that the Night of Al-Qadr is 19th or 21st or 23rd. (Nayl Al-Awtaar by Al-Shawkani).
The narration of 27th is unauthentic narration which has been narrated by one person named Ubayy Bin Ka'b stating his own opinion and not narrated from the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) but it was been publicized by the rulers against the authentic Hadeeths from Ahlul Bayt (AS).
Thank you for your question. The occurrence of Layaltul Qadr during the month of Ramadan is derived from the Qur'an itself. In surah al-Baqarah verse 185, God says:
"The month of Ramadan is that in which the Quran was revealed"
And the night in which the Qur'an was revealed was the Night of Decree as is stated in the first verse of surah al-Qadr:
"Surely We revealed it on the night of decree."
However, the Qur'an does not specify which night in the month of Ramadan lalat al-Qadr is and so the next step is to turn to the traditions on the subject.
While the last 10 nights have been generally specified for a person to seek the night of Qadr in the traditions in the books of the school of the Ahl al-Bayt (as), there are more specific traditions that mention the 19th 21st and 23rd nights of the holy month, with each night playing its own role in the passing of the decree for the upcoming year. There is further specification of the 21st and 23rd nights and other traditions that specify the 23rd night.
As for the 27th night, while there are many traditions narrated in the books of the Ahl al-Sunna concerning which of the nights of Ramadan is the night of Qadr, the 27th has become the most popular.
May you always be successful.
It is said that the important night of Qadr is one of the odd nights of the last ten days of the holy month of Ramadhan. The night of the 19th, 21nd, 23rd, 25th, 27th, 29th. The emphasised nights are the nights of the 19th, 21st and in particular the night of the 23rd.
As for the night of the 27th, athough it has also been mentioned in Shi'ah narrations, it is the night usually emphasised on by our Sunni brethren.
And Allah knows best.
Yes your fast is valid.
If you have doubt as to whether there was something obstructing water from reaching your skin or not, after having performed the ghusl, you consider the ghusl as valid.
However, if you are sure it was there before the ghusl, and forgot during the ghusl, and then realised after the ghusl that it the obstruct was there, then as long as you kept your taharah, wash that part, based on the ruling of tarteeb (sequence).
And Allah knows best.
Traveler is not only exempted from fasting but he can not fast during the Month of Ramadan. Despite this exemption, eating and drinking in public during the day of month of Ramadan must be avoided. It can be forbidden (Haraam) if it amounts to violating the sanctity of the month of Ramadan or making people disrespect the obligation of fasting during this month or encouraging any one not to fast.