Imam 'Ali ibn Abi Talib (علي, translit. ʿAlī, 15 September 601 – 29 January 661) was the cousin and the son-in-law of Prophet Muhammad (s). He is the first Imam of Shi'a Muslims and the fourth Rightly Guided Caliph of the Sunni Muslims. He was born on Rajab 13, 23 BH (March 17, 599 AD) inside the Holy Ka'ba in Mecca.
Insofar as we do not physically have the Qur'anic manuscript compiled by Imam 'Ali, it is not possible to answer this question with the certainty that comes from seeing things with one's own eyes. Rather, it is necessary to rely on historical reports, and the validity of historical reports can be debated.
Anyway, one difference is that it is reported that Imam 'Ali added commentary and explanations to the codex that he compiled, including an explanation of when/why the ayat were revealed (asbab al-nuzul) and also a broader explanation of the ayat.
It is also reported that Imam 'Ali's manuscript was arranged chronologically, in order of the date of revelation, whereas the 'Uthmanic codex is not arranged chronologically.
In any case, we have been told by the Imams to use the codex that we have today as it is, so it is good to have faith that this is what we are meant to be using.
Allah knows best.
Maula Ali (As) did correct the wrongdoings of the previous rulers of Saqeefah, except things which concerned him and his family because he did not want to use the power for his own or his family's benefit.
1. Ameerul Mo'mineen Ali (AS) removed all the wrong, corrupt and unjust rulers who were been appointed by Saqeefah rulers.
2. He removed discrimination between Arabs against non Arab Muslims and between Quraish against other tribes and all sorts of discrimination which was practiced by Saqeefah rulers.
3. He distributed all the wealth among all Muslims equally and did not keep anything for himself or his family.
4. He implemented justice in every case and dispute among Muslims even those were against him.
5, During his rule, poverty diminished among Muslims because he gave the poor their proper rights which led to real social and economic justice.
Imam Hasan (AS) knew things which we do not know as his knowledge is from the Allah (SWT) and the Prophet (SAWA) and Ameerul Mo'mineen (AS). We, with our limited knowledge are not entitled to argue on any decision of any Infallible as he does not do but what Allah (SWT) wants.
We believe that every act done by the Prophet (SAWA) and Ahlul Bayt (AS) is in favour of Islam, whether we know the details or not.
The default position when you stand up to commence prayer is putting hands on the side - sadl al-yadayn. This was the way Muslims in Medina, Makka, and later in cities such as Kufa, would have been praying, until the rise of the Umayyads in Syria.
The contrary position of qabd - folding hands - almost certainly got introduced by Mu’awiya and this Umayyad custom survived into Sunni orthodoxy, except for the Maliki madhhab.
Professor Yasin Dutton has written an interesting paper - Amal vs Hadith in Islamic Law - that tackles this topic where he says:
- The non-Sunni madhhab’s, however - the Ithna Asahri Shi’a, the Zaydi’s, the Isma’li’s and the Ibadi’s (Khawarij) - are all agreed, along with the majority of the Maliki’s, on sadl.
Shaykh Hamza Yusuf, a prominent contemporary Sunni scholar, has explained, in a video you can find online, how the act of folding hands, versus not, was seen as an indicator of political affiliation during those days such as the civil war between Imam ‘Ali and Mu’awiya. Clearly he sees sadl as the more authentic and well-evidenced position.
He makes the following key points:
- People who were on the side of Imam ‘Ali in the civil wars prayed with their hands by the side (sadl)
- Even the Khawarij who seceded from the side continued to pray like that.
- Later Shi’a Imams, for instance Imams al-Baqir and Ja’far al-Sadiq, prayed the same way, without folding.
- Basically the outward form of a person, practicing sadl or qabd, used to be an immediate and visual indicator of their political position with respect to Imam ‘Ali or Mu’awiya.
Hope this helps.
It is mentioned in La'ali al-Akhbar (vol 3, p 413) and attributed to Imam al-Baqir (A) that the angel Jibra'il told the Prophet (S) that the planet Venus (the evening star) would descend on Friday night on the house of the person whom Fatima (A) should marry. The people waited to see who it was, and it was the house of Ali (A).
This narration is provided as part of the explanation of the origins of the tasbih of Fatima al-Zahra (A).
I am personally not aware of any chain of narration for this and therefore, without a chain of narration, it would not be classified as authentic.
Allah knows best.
The day of Al-Ghadeer (18th Thil-Hajjah) was the day on which Allah Has saved Prophet Ibraheem from the fire,
and the day if the victory of Prophet Musa on the magicians of Firaon ,
Land the day of the appointment of Yosha' ibn Noon as the successor of Prophet Musa,
and thecday if the appointment of Sham'oon as successor of Prophet Easa,
and the day if the appointment of Aasif ibn Barkhia as the successor of Prophet Sulaiman.
What you heard is completely false. The Prophet Mohammad (sawa) is the greatest of all creation and if anyone puts someone above his status, they are out of Islam. Such a belief would also contradict the ahadith of the shia which clearly state not to put anyone above Rasullah (sawa)
May Allah swt grant you success
1. Imam Ali (AS) has the maximum and highest level of intellect after the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA), that is why his faith in Allah is the maximum after the Prophet (SAWA). The Hadeeth stated that the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) told Ali (AS): O Ali, no one Knew Allah (properly) but myself and you.
2. Seeing Allah by eyes is impossible because He is above all senses and He can never be confined or limited to any sense. Allah is The Creator of all senses and whatever can be sensed and whatever can not be sensed.
3. Proper Intellect leads us to the fact that lot of things in the existence are comprehended and known by intellect and reason not by materialistic senses.
4. Realities of Faith in Allah (SWT) are in each and every thing in this universe, but many people don't see it because of their indulging in darkness of sins which disable their intellectual abilities. When the heart is clean from sins, mind is transparent and more able to see the realities which are behind the outer senses. These realities lead the human being to the absolute Truth of Allah.
5. Realities of faith are for every believer according to his degree in the purity of heart and proper thinking. More purity in heart leads to more proper thinking which in turn leads to discovering more realities of faith.
6. The Faith in Allah is the faith in the greatest Truth in the universe. Proper intellect can never deviate from clear facts, what about the greatest Fact. Faith in Allah increases by proper thinking which leads to comprehending more realities of faith.
Thank you for your question. What is being referred to in this hadith is perhaps along these lines: Physical beings are senses with the physical senses and since Allah is not confined to matter and doesn't have a material form He cannot be seen with the physical eyes. But the human is endowed with senses that are capable of comprehending the metaphysical. In order to make use of them a person cannot be in doubt of their existence. The realities of faith are sensed with these senses and this is the field of religious experience. God is seen through the veil of His Perfections deep within the being of a human.
May you always be successful
We must clarify the truth to those who don't know it. Our responsibility is to make the truth clearly known to people.
We must defend the truth in every lawful and possible way.
It is said that Fatima al-Zahra (A) and Imam 'Ali (A) got married in the second year after the migration to Medina, after the Battle of Badr (so approximately 624 AD)
However, biographers do not agree about when Fatima al-Zahra (A) was born. Sunni biographers often say she was born around 605 AD, whereas Shi'i biographers often say she was born around 614-615 AH. There are some other views as well.
So, she would have been around nine or nineteen years old at the time of her marriage.
It seems reasonable that she would have married young since men are eager to seek the daughters of important men for marriage, and it is reported that others had already asked for her hand. But God knows best.
Imam Ali (AS) was with Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) in one side, while a group of opponents of Imam Ali (AS) led by Omar ibn Al-Khattab were on opposite side. They knew what the Prophet wants to write in favor of Ali (AS), that is why the rejected to allow him to write and went to the extreme of accusing the Prophet to speak nonsense يهجر.
They were ready to deny the whole Prophet hood if Imam Ali had written the Prophetic will in his favor.
Imam Ali (AS) same as the Prophet did not want them to openly deny the whole message of the Prophet (SAWA).