Imam 'Ali ibn Abi Talib (علي, translit. ʿAlī, 15 September 601 – 29 January 661) was the cousin and the son-in-law of Prophet Muhammad (s). He is the first Imam of Shi'a Muslims and the fourth Rightly Guided Caliph of the Sunni Muslims. He was born on Rajab 13, 23 BH (March 17, 599 AD) inside the Holy Ka'ba in Mecca.
Imam Al Mahdi (ATFS) will come to establish peace and justice all over
the world. He will not fight with people and will never endanger the
life of anyone except those who fight against him. Our responsibility
is to prepare ourselves to be strong practicing believers. Our real
strength depends on th degree of our Imaan (Faith).
The secret of the strength of Imam Ali (AS) is his greatest degree of
humbleness to Allah (SWT) which is next only to the greatness of the
Holy Prophet (SAWA). And when we are unable to know the greatness of
the Holy Prophet (SAWA) and Imam Ali (AS) because of our limited
abilities of understanding, there is no question for us to understand
the secret of his extra-ordinary strength and power but only to say
that it is linked with his great humbleness and faith in Allah SWT).
Allah (SWT) , The Glorious, gives names to his most humble servants as we
read in the Holy Qur’an that Allah (SWT) gave names to Prophet Isaa (AS)
and Prophet Yahya (AS) was given by Allah SWT, The Glorious. How did
this name was conveyed, it is a matter known to Allah (SWT) who gave the
name to the Holy Prophet (SAWA) when he was born. The names of all the
children of Imam Ali (AS) and Lady Fatemah (SA), i.e. Imam Hasan
(AS), Imam Husain (AS) , Lady Zainab (AS) and Hazrat Mohsin (AS) were
given by Allah SWT.
Thank you for your question. There are traditions in Manaqib Al Abi Talib, vol 2, p 135; al-Burhan fi tafsir al-Qur'an, vol 3, p 578 and Bihar al-anwar vol 38, p 76 to the effect that Imam Ali (as) climbed on the shoulders of the Prophet (saw) to destroy the idol hubl (which was the biggest of the idols).
Below is one of the traditions in Manaqib Al Abi Talib:
May you always be successful.
أَبُو بَكْرٍ الشِّيرَازِيُّ فِي نُزُولِ الْقُرْآنِ فِي شَأْنِ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ع عَنْ قَتَادَةَ عَنِ ابْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ قَالَ لِي جَابِرُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ دَخَلْنَا مَعَ النَّبِيِّ مَكَّةَ وَ فِي الْبَيْتِ وَ حَوْلَهُ ثَلَاثُمِائَةٍ وَ سِتُّونَ صَنَماً فَأَمَرَ بِهَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ فَأُلْقِيَتْ كُلُّهَا لِوُجُوهِهَا وَ كَانَ عَلَى الْبَيْتِ صَنَمٌ طَوِيلٌ يُقَالُ لَهُ هُبَلُ فَنَظَرَ النَّبِيُّ إِلَى عَلِيٍّ وَ قَالَ لَهُ يَا عَلِيُّ تَرْكَبُ عَلَيَّ أَوْ أَرْكَبُ عَلَيْكَ لِأُلْقِيَ هُبَلَ عَنْ ظَهْرِ الْكَعْبَةِ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ بَلْ تَرْكَبُنِي فَلَمَّا جَلَسَ عَلَى ظَهْرِي لَمْ أَسْتَطِعْ حَمْلَهُ لِثِقَلِ الرِّسَالَةِ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ بَلْ أَرْكَبُكَ فَضَحِكَ وَ نَزَلَ وَ طَأْطَأَ لِي ظَهْرَهُ وَ اسْتَوَيْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَوَ الَّذِي فَلَقَ الْحَبَّةَ وَ بَرَأَ النَّسَمَةَ لَوْ أَرَدْتُ أَنْ أُمْسِكَ السَّمَاءَ لَأَمْسَكْتُهَا بِيَدِي فَأَلْقَيْتُ هُبَلَ عَنْ ظَهْرِ الْكَعْبَةِ فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى وَ قُلْ جاءَ الْحَقُّ وَ زَهَقَ الْباطِلُ إِنَّ الْباطِلَ كانَ زَهُوقاً
The verse ( Surely, your only masters are Allah, His messenger, and Those who establish prayers and give Zakat during Rokoo’) (5:55) was revealed when Ali (AS) gave his ring to a poor person during Rokoo’.
This fact is mentioned in many Sunni books like:
1. Al-Majma’ Al-Awsat by al-Tabaraani , Hadeeth number 6414.
2. Al-Majma’ Al-Kabeer by al-Tabaraani, Hadeeth number 948.
3. Tafseer al-Tabari, Vol 6, page 389 ( Arabic).
4. Tafseer al-Dorr al-Manthour by Al-Soyooti, 2: 293.
5. Tafseer ibn Katheer, 7:394.
6. Tafseer al-Qurtobi , 6:221.
7. Tafseer ibn Abi Haatam , Hadeeths 6583, 6585 and 6587.
8. Ma’rifat al-Sahabah by Abi Na’eem, Hadeeth 815.
9. Ma’rifat Oloom Al-Hadeeth by Al- Hakim, Hadeeth 210.
10. Hilyat al-Awliyaa’ , Hadeeth 3835.
11. Tafseer al-Baidhaawi in Tasfeer of 5:55.
12. Tafseer al-Fakhrudin Al-Raazi, 12: 25 to 31.
13. Noor al-Absaar by Shiblanji , page 86 and 87.
14. Tafseer al-Kashshaaf by Al-Zamakhshari, 1: 624.
15. Kanz al-Ommal, 13:108
and many other books.
Thank you for your question. There is no correct chain for this Khutbah and so its contents have to be affirmed through other traditions or rational proofs. There are differences in opinion among the scholars as to how much or what parts are acceptable and what are not, based on their understanding of the stations of the Infallibles (as).
May you always be successful
1. Imam Ali (AS) did not marry any woman when his wife Lady Fatima Al-Zahra (AS) was alive.
2. After the martyrdom of Fatima Al-Zahra (AS), and according her will, Imam Ali (AS) got married with Umamah Bint Abi Al-Aas, who was daughter of Zainab, one of the three fostered daughters of the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA).
Umamah remained with Imam Ali (AS) till his martyrdom.
3. Asmaa’ Bint Omais who was widow of Jafar Ibn Abi Talib, then was married under duress to Abu Bakr ibn Abi Quhafah of the Saqeefa. She had from Abu Bakr a son called Muhammad Ibn Abi Bakr, who was brought up by Imam Ali (AS) and became one of the best of his followers.
4. Ummul Banin Bint Hizaam al-Kalbiyyah, mother of the great Saheed Abul Fadhl Al-Abbas and his three brothers who were martyred in Karbala.
5. Layla Bint Masood.
6. Um Sa’eed Bint Orwa al-Thaqafi.
7. Khawlah Bint Jafar ibn Qays.
8. Al-Sahbaa’ Bint Rabee’ah.
9. Mihyaat Bint Emri’ Al-Qays.
According to Shaykh al-Mufid (Kitab al-Irshad):
The Commander of the Faithful, peace be on him, had twenty-seven children, male and female:
3. Zaynab the elder
4. Zaynab the younger, who was given the kunya Umm Kulthūm.
Their mother was Fāṭima, the blessed, mistress of the women of the worlds, daughter of the master of those sent by Allāh and the seal of the prophets, the Prophet Muhammad.
5. Muḥammad, who was given the kunya Abū al-Qāsim. His mother was Khawla, daughter of Ja‘far b. Qays al-Ḥanafī.
7. Ruqayya They were twins.
Their mother was Umm Ḥabīb, daughter of Rabī‘a.
11. ‘Abd Allāh
(The last four) were martyrs with their brother al-Ḥusayn on the plain of Karbalā’. Their mother was Umm al-Banīn, daughter of Ḥizām b. Khālid b. Dārim.
12. Muḥammad, the younger, who was given the kunya Abū Bakr.
13. ‘Ubayd Allāh
Both of these were martyrs with their brother al-Ḥusayn on that plain. Their mother was Layla, daughter of Mas‘ūd al-Dārimī.
His mother was Asmā ̓, daughter of ‘Umays al-Khath‘amī, may Allāh be pleased with her.
15. Umm al-Ḥasan
The mother of these two was Umm Sa‘īd, daughter of ‘Urwa b. Mas‘ūd al-Thaqafī.
18. Zaynab, the youngest
19. Ruqayya, the younger
20. Umm Hānī ̓
21. Umm al-Kirām
22. Jumāna, who was given the kunya Umm Ja‘far.
24. Umm Salama
These, the blessings of Allāh be on them, had different mothers. Among the Shī'a, there are those who mention that Fāṭima, the blessing of Allāh be on her, after the Prophet had a miscarriage with a son, whom the Prophet, may Allāh bless Him and His Family, had (already) named during her pregnancy as Muḥsin.
According to this group there were twenty-eight children of the Commander of the Faithful, the blessing and peace of Allāh be on him. Allāh knows and judges best.
(End quotation from Kitab al-Irshad)
Imam Ali (AS) was buried in Najaf , in Iraq, and his grave in Najaf was visited by infallible Imams, so there is no question of any other place. Nevertheless, history says that a Sayyed pious person by similar name, Sayyed Ali son of Sayyed Abu Talib (Ali Ibn Abi Talib), was buried in Afghanistan before about five hundred years from now which means 8 to 9 centuries after the martyrdom of Imam Ali (AS) . Muslims of the area saw many blessings from visiting his grave and built on his grave a big Masjid and the whole city then was called Mazar Shareef.
Thank you for your question. The relationship Imam Ali (as) had with the first three Caliphs was cordial, but that doesn’t mean that he condoned their usurping the Caliphate. Rather, the Imam (as) was careful not to sow the seeds of discord in the Muslim Community and after the people had decided not to follow the advice of the Prophet (saw), he worked for Islam within the parameters of the situation he faced. The Shia disapprove of the actions of first three Caliphs as they went against what they consider the express guidance of the Prophet (saw).
May you always be successful.
Although this statement is popularly attributed to Imam 'Ali (A), as far as I know, there is no source clearly relating this source from Imam 'Ali (A).
However, if I recall correctly, it is attributed to him (without a chain of narration or the like) by Ibn Abi al-Hadid in Sharh Nahj al-Balaghah.
It is also attributed to Plato by some other classical Arab authors.
Allah knows best.
When we recite Durood (Salawaat) we mention the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) and his Progeny (Ahlul Bayt)(AS) and Hazrat Ali (AS) is the head of Ahlul Bayt (AS) after the Prophet (SAWA).
Imam Ali (AS) was brought in Mubahala as Nafs of the Prophet (SAWA) while Hasan (AS) and Husain (AS) where brought as the sons of the Prophet (SAWA).
Imam Redha (AS) when Al-Ma'moon asked him about he greatest tribute of Ali in Quran, said : Mubahala when Allah mentioned Ali as Nafs of the Prophet (SAWA).
Yes, Muhammad son of Abu Bakr was from a pious lady (Asmaa' Bint Omais) who was widow of Jafar Ibn Abi Talib (AS) who was martyred in the battle of Mo'ta and is caled then Jafar Al-Tayyar. Abu Bakr proposed to that lady during his government and she could not refuse the ruler. She had from that marriage a son called Muhammad. After the death of Ab Bakr, Imam Ali (AS) proposed t this lady to look after the orphans of his brother Jafar. Muhammad Inb Ab Bakr was looked after and brought up by Imam Ali (AS) and became a very good Momin. He was with Imam Ali in fighting his enemies including fighting in the battle of jamal (Camel) led by his own step sister Aaysha daughter of Abu Bakr. Imam Ali (AS) asked Muhammad Bin Abu Bakr to accompany Aaysha from Basra back to Madina.