Imam 'Ali ibn Abi Talib (علي, translit. ʿAlī, 15 September 601 – 29 January 661) was the cousin and the son-in-law of Prophet Muhammad (s). He is the first Imam of Shi'a Muslims and the fourth Rightly Guided Caliph of the Sunni Muslims. He was born on Rajab 13, 23 BH (March 17, 599 AD) inside the Holy Ka'ba in Mecca.
The Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) never forced any one to become a Muslim. Allah says in Quran (The is no compulsion in faith لا اكراه في الدين)
The battle of Thaat al-Salasil ذات السلاسل was against enemies who decided to attack Madina. The Prophet sent Abu Bakr to counter them, but Abu Bakr failed, then Umar was sent, who failed as well, then Khalid Ibn al-Waleed was sent, who failed again, then Amr Ibn al-'Aass was sent who failed as well. The Prophet then sent Ali (AS) who attacked the enemies in the early morning and defeated them. Allah (SWT) in Quran mentioned this victory in Sura Al-'Aadiyat العاديات
Umme Farwa was wife of Imam Muhammad Al-Baqir (AS) . Her real name was Fatima Bint Al-Qasim and wshe was known by Umme Farwa. She was the mother of Imam Jafar Al-Sadiq (AS).
What you heard is not true.
This story which is mentioned in some books including Bukhari, is not authentic at all. It was fabricated to justify similar act done by Abu Bakr who burned Al-Foja'ah.
Imam Ali (AS)'S views in every matter is nothing but what Allah (SWT) and the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) said. Woman is equal partner to man in our faith and she can be better than man if her good deeds are more than him. Fatima (AS) is a Woman yet has reached the highest degree above all men of the world.
Critical sayings about women are either not authentic or if authentic then oriented to certain women who disobeyed Allah and the Messenger during that time and those women who follow them every time. Ameerul Mo'mineen had suffered a lot from such women specially in the battle of Jamal which was instigated and led by a woman.
The Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) himself declared the names of his Ahlul Bayt who are Aal-e-Mohammad (AS) as Ali, Fatima , Hasan and Husain (AS).
The names of Ahlul Bayt are in many authentic Hadeeths narrated in Shia and Sunni books e.g. Saheeh Muslim , Hadeeth number 4450 narrated from A'ysha that the Prophet covered himself , Ali, Fatima , Hasan and Husain and declared that they are his Ahlul Bayt. It is also mentioned in Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal , Hadeeth number 2903 and in Tirmithi , Hadeeth number 3129, and Sunan al-Kubra by al-Nasaa'ee, Haddeth number 7169, and Sunan al-Kubra by al-Bayhaqi , Hadeeth number 2665 and many other main Sunni books.
It is not wrong to have savings or to be wealthy if you have given all the obligatory dues of Khums, Zakat etc.
The reason and intention behind saving and collecting wealth should be noble i.e. to do more good, and not ust to accumulate wealth or to show off. Some wealthy persons think that their wealth is the main pillar of their strength forgetting Allah and the Day of Hereafter. Such thought makes the wealth a curse on them and not a bounty. Allah says in Quran (Woe to every slanderer and backbiter, Who accumulated wealth and counted it, He thinks that his wealth will make last forever) Sura 104, Verse 1 to 3.
No this is not the case. The Shia Muslims believe that the prophet Mohammad (sawa) who possesses prophethood, messengership and imamah, is the highest of all creation. Anyone saying otherwise is a deviant and ignorant.
In a narration from Al-Kafi, Imam Ali (as) when asked by a Jew if he's a prophet, replied the following:
إنما أنا عبد من عبيد محمد صلى الله عليه وآله
I am only an 'abd (slave) from the slaves of Mohammad (sawa).
'Abd in this context means a servant or slave in the sense of complete obedience and not worship. The Quran also uses the word 'Abd for the non-worship sense too. Check 24:32.
Therefore, despite the unfathomable status of Imam Ali (as), he shows that he is in a lower position as compared to Rasullah (sawa) by expressing his obedience and veneration to him.
So then imagine the status of rasullah when someone such as Ali expresses such a statement!
May Allah grant you success
It is clear that this Hadith is fake. Ali is the Master of believers according to Qur'an 5:55
And he is the one who we must obey and follow according to Qur'an 4:59
This is a false narration fabricated by the enemies of Imam Ali (AS). The narrator is Ataa' ibn al-Saa'ib عطاء بن السائب who is mentioned in main Sunni books of Rijaal as a rejected person. Yahya Ibn Mo'een said about him: His narrations are not valid. Ahmad Ibn Hanbal and al-Dhahabi and Abu Haram and al-Nasaa'ee and ibn'Olayyah and al-Humaidy spoke against him and his narrations.
Thank you for your question. It is polytheism if the person sees Imam Ali (as) as an independent source of help from God.
May you always be successful
as salam alaikum
mere single reports from Musnad Ahmad cannot be validated according to Shia view. Also, according to the most accurate opinion any single report (khabar al-wahid) with no external evidences cannot be used to establish doctrinal principles or historical facts.
With prayers for your success.
Here is a good treatment of this question: http://www.askthesheikh.com/did-imam-ali-a-s-really-put-two-men-on-fire-because-they-claimed-he-was-god/