Imam 'Ali ibn Abi Talib (علي, translit. ʿAlī, 15 September 601 – 29 January 661) was the cousin and the son-in-law of Prophet Muhammad (s). He is the first Imam of Shi'a Muslims and the fourth Rightly Guided Caliph of the Sunni Muslims. He was born on Rajab 13, 23 BH (March 17, 599 AD) inside the Holy Ka'ba in Mecca.
Taraweeh is a Bid'ah created in the year 14 after Hijra by Umar ibn Khttab. Umar himself called it Bid'ah ( Saheeh Bukhari; Hadeeth number1871 and Saheeh Muslim ; Hadeeth number 1219 , and Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal ; Hadeeth number 22944, and a Sunan Abi Dawood; 1143, and al-Mowatta'bby Malik ibn Ana's; 243, and Sunan al-Tirmithi ; 403, Sunan al-Kubba by al-Bayhaqi ; V.7, P. 62 and Saheeh ibn Hibban , V.6, P. 186 and many other Sunni books of Hadeeth).
imam Ali (AS) was always against every Bid'ah. He had clearly refused this practice and condemned it. When he had the government in his hand, he prevented people from Taraweeh and told them that no congregational prayer in Islam but the obligatory prayers but many of them said: It is Sunnah of Umar and we won't leave a Sunnah of Umar.( Al-Kafi 8:58).
Many the battles that were fought during the expansion of the Arab-Muslim empires after the time of the Prophet (S) were the same sort of battles that any other empire or state engages in to look after its political, financial or economic interests, although it is true that, as a side effect, it contributed to the spread of Islam by establishing a ruling class who was Muslim. So, from that angle, there is nothing special about them to make them jihad fi sabil Allah.
However, if someone was fighting in defence or for other selfless reasons, this could be considered jihad, just as it would be considered jihad fi sabil Allah today if I risked my life to defend someone who is under attack.
Perhaps for that reason, there is a dua in al-Sahifah al-Sajjadiyah where Imam Zayn al-Abidin (A) prays for the soldiers on the frontier who are defending the Muslim state against enemies.
Also, even in times of jihad with the Prophet (S), whether or not fighting was counted as jihad was according to intention. For instance, some people might have gone to war for glory or financial gain, and so this is not the same thing as risking their lives or enduring battle solely for the sake of Allah.
Imam Ali (AS) never took part in any matter of the governments of Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman. He did not attend any Juma or Jama'ah with them (Al-Thahabi in Siyar A'laam al- Nubalaa' 9/284.
Valid Jihad must be led or permitted by the Prophet (SAWA) or his real successors.
This authentic Hadeeth ذِكرُ عليّ عبادة is narrated in Shia books and Sunni books. Shia books like:
1. Manla Yahdharuhul Faqeeh; Hadeeth number 2145 and 2146
2. Kashful Yaqeen 449.
3. Al-Siratul Mustaqeem, V.1, P. 209.
4. Al-Ekhtisaas as quoted in Biharul Anwaar , V. 91, P. 69.
'Sunni books narrated this Hadeeth from many companions and from 'Aisha saying the she heard Rasoolullah (SAWA) saying: Remembering (mentioning) Ali is a worship.
1. It is narrated by al-Khawarizmi in al-Manaaqib 261.
2. Ibn al-Maghazili in al-Manaaqib, Hadeeth 243.
3. Ibn 'Asaakir in Tareekh Dimishq, V. 42, P. 356.
4. Al-Wissabi in Asnal Mataalib , page 76.
Yes of course. Allah (SWT) Has in His Knowledge based in the Absolute evidence the they are the best of all His creatures in submitting to Allah. They want nothing but what Allah wants. That is why Allah ordered all in Quran to obey Allah, the messenger and Ahlul Bayt(Your divine leaders). (Sura 4, verse 59).
It is Not true. No marriage took place between Umar and daughter of Imam Ali (AS). Fabricated narrations in this regard have been refuted by authentic evidence. Allama Nassir Husain son of Allama Haamid Husain has written a full book ( إفحام الأعداء والخصوم) in which he has mentioned authentic evidence that the whole story of the claimed marriage was fabricated by the enemies of Ahlul Bayt then mentioned by Ibn Sa'd in his book al-Tabaqaat. Ibn Sa'd was pro Umayyad rulers.
Yes, Imam Ali (AS) was always accompanying the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) including when going to Hiraa' cave and he used to pray and worship Allah when the Prophet was worshiping Allah. Even during the revelation Ali (AS) was with the Prophet but he was not a Prophet. The Prophet told Ali: Surely, you hear what I hear and see what I say but you are not a Prophet, you are my successor إنك تسمع ما أسمع وترى ٬ما أرى (لكنك لست بنبي وإنما أنت
Nahjul Balaghah, sermon 192.
The shrine of Sakina is in Dariyya near Damascus. It has been reconstructed recently by Allama Sayyed Ahmad al-Wahedi who has compiled number of narrations supporting that Sakina was a daughter of Imam Ali (AS) and Fatima (AS) including:
1. A narration in Mustadrak Safeenatul Bihar by al-Namazi, vol.5 , p.90 in which imam Zainul Abideen (AS) narrated from Sakina about the greatness of Fatimah (AS).
2. In Amaali al-Tousi a narration from Imam Husain (AS) mentioning Sakina his my sister (Wasa'il al-Shia by al-Hurr al-'Aamili , v. 14, p.168).
3. In Biharul Anwaar (v.45, p.104), a narration that Ameerul Mo'mineen (AS) called all his children by their names to say fair well to their mother Fatimah (AS) before her burial and mentioned Sakina among them.
Please refer to our previous answer on this topic.
With prayers for your success.
This narration from Ameerul Mo'mineen is mentioned in Nahjul- Balaghah, wisdom number 284. Ameerul Mo'mineen was asked about Al-Qadar, not Al-Qadr, he replied: A dark path so don't tread upon it and a deep sea so don't enter inside it, and secret of Allah, so don't take the trouble of indulging in it.
'This "Qadar" is not al-Qadr which is called in English as destiny. Qadar in this statement is above the limits of our thinking and our ability of understanding. It is the secret of Allah which we can not understand . We as human beings have limits in all our abilities and qualities which can not be exceeded. We can see up to certain distance not more and we can hear up to certain waves no more and we can think upto certain limits and no more. Trying to think about things out of our limits will land us in trouble and suffering. That is why Ameerul Mo'mineen replied the above reply which concerns secret of Allah, not simple destiny.
Thank you for your question. The Prophets (as) and the Imams (as) are commanded to abide by the outward nature of the divine law and for that reason they cannot punish someone before a crime even if they know that crime will be committed.
On the other hand, as is clear from the verses concerning Khidhr, he is not ordered to conform to the same rules and so his responsibility differs from that of the Imams (as). Khidrs actions were not independent of the Will of God and that is why he is not blamed in the Qur'an.
May you always be successful
This question deals with one of the issues which were fabricated to adjust a political agenda to justify the conspiracy of Saqeefah which was a big blunder immediately after the demise of the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA). Even Omar ibn al-Khattab who was the partner of Abu Bakr in Saqeefah called the allegiance to Abu Bakr as a dangerous blunder from its evil Allah Has protected the Muslims, and any one tries to do like it must be killed. ( Saheeh al- Bukhari , Hadeeth 6830, and Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal; 7:431 Hadeeth 37031 and 37032).
It is a well known fact that Imam Ali (AS) rejected the outcome of Saqeefah and refused to give allegiance to Abu Bakr. ( Saheeh al-Bukhari and Saheeh Muslim). Some narrations in Sunni books claim that imam Ali (AS) has given allegiance to Abu Bakr after six months. Such narrations are fabricated politically oriented. Imam Ali (AS) has never given allegiance to Abu Bakr despite the tremendous pressure and threatening which he faced from the group of Saqeefah which reached to burning the house on him and his wife Fatimah and all his family if he refuses to give allegiance to Abu Bakr. ( Musannaf ibn Abi Shaibah;Hadeeth 36383, and Tareekh al-Tabari;V.2, P. 443, and Ansaari al-Ashraf by al-Balathuri; V.1, P.586 and al-Soyooti in Musnad Fatimah, page 36, and Ibn Qutaiba al-Dinori in Al-Imamah wal Siyaasah , V.1, P.19.and many other Sunni books.
Al-Shaikh al-Mufeed refuted the claim of the opponents that Imam Ali (AS) gave allegiance to Abu Bakr saying: The refusal of Imam Ali to give allegiance to Abu Bakr is undisputed fact among all the scholars, while the claim that he gave allegiance is disputed. His refusal was based on his responsibility to refuse wrong, and this responsibility remained with him always and there is no evidence that wrong has turned to be right. Al-Shaikh Al-Mufeed and our authentic great Ulama has stated that Imam Ali has never given allegiance to Abu Bakr. Obviously, the real leader of all the Faithful can never be a follower of Saqeefah imposed rulers.
Well known Sunni scholar Al-Dhahabi has stated : Ali did not attend any Friday prayer nor congregational prayer with any of the three Caliphs. ( Siyar A'laam al-Nubalaa' 9: 284).