The Fajr prayer (Arabic: صلاة الفجر ṣalāt al-fajr, "dawn prayer") an obligatory prayer ('Subuh' prayer) with two rakat (prescribed movements), and one of the five daily prayers offered by practising Muslims. Fajr means dawn in the Arabic language.
It is not allowed for a Muslim to deliberately delay his Prayer till its time goes away. Muslim must do every thing possible to wake up and perform Fajr Prayer withing its time.
If he is ill and could not get up for the Prayer, he must perform it as Qadha later on.
Tahajjud time is during the night ( starting from either midnight or even after Isha) and ending with Fajr time. Tahajjud can be also performed after Fajr as Qadha.
The real time of Fajr is when the light starts appearing on the horizon. This is called true dawn or Al- Fajr al-Sadiq.
This light on the horizon increases gradually. We call it true dawn to distinguish between it and false dawn or zodiac dawn which happens before the true dawn.
False dawn looks like a mostly vertical column or pyramid, and it keeps on decreasing, in contrast to the horizontal increasing true dawn.
The real dawn is the time of morning prayer and end of Suhoor. It is good to stop eating and drinking little while before that to be sure that you did not eat or drink after Fajr.
If you know the exact time of real Fajr, you can eat and drink till a moment before it, but many people stop eating and drinking about ten minutes before the published time of Fajr because they are not sure about the exact time of Fajr, so they want to do precaution.
It is compulsory on every one of them to perform Ghusl of Janabah latest before Fajr (Dawn) time. Remaining deliberately on the state of Janabah will invalidate the fast and cause a major sin with all its sequences which are Qadha of the fast of that day and Kaffara of feeding sixty poor persons or fasting two months. Ghusl must be performed before the time of Fajr.
The person should perform a tayammum in place of the ghusl if he doesn’t have sufficient time to do the normal ghusl. Please refer to your Islamic laws book for further details
May Allah grant you success
Thank you for your question. In this situation (if you are not sure if you have prayed 2 or 3 rakats), if you are not someone who doubts too much, you would have to pray the fajr prayer gain.
May you always be successful.
The challenge when trying to answer questions about history is that all we can rely on is evidence that has come to us (such as texts or archaeological evidence) and often it is not 100% clear what happened.
In any case, there are some texts that say that 'Umar ibn al-Khattab ordered that the line "prayer is better than sleep" be added to the Fajr adhan. For instance, in al-Muwatta' (a prominent early Sunni source), it is said that the mu'adhdhin came to Umar ibn al-Khattab at fajr time and found him sleeping, so he told him, "Prayer is better than sleep" (to tell him to get up), and then 'Umar ibn al-Khattab ordered that it be added to the adhan. (See the relevant chapter in the book on salat in the Muwatta')
However, some people, especially Sunnis, hold a different view.
I think it is reasonable to say that all Muslims who do the adhan try to do the adhan in the way they think is correct and the way the Prophet (S) intended it. Shi'i fiqh does not prescribe "prayer is better than sleep" in the adhan because the dominant Shi'i view is that this is was not how the Prophet (S) instructed Muslims to do it. At the end of the day, Allah judges on intentions, and we do our best to follow the Sunnah!
Thank you for your question. Below is the ruling of Ayatullah Sistani (hA):
Ruling 978. Based on obligatory precaution, it is obligatory for a man to recite Surat al-Ḥamd and the other surah aloud (jahr) in ṣubḥ, maghrib, and ʿishāʾ prayers. And based on obligatory precaution, it is obligatory for a man and a woman to recite Surat al-Ḥamd and the other surah in ẓuhr, and ʿaṣr in a whisper (ikhfāt).
May you always be successful
Man is obliged to recite Sura Al-Hamd and other Sura in the first and second Rak'ats in Fajr, Maghrib and Isha Prayers with clear voice not whispering. It is not rising the voice like shouting but just reciting with clear voice. This rule is obligatory on males only not on females.
You can still recite Quran during that time as long as it is not one of the 4 ayahs of sajdah. If it involves those, you can take a break and continue afterwards.
Yes, it is highly recommended to be busy after performing Fajr Prayer till sunrise in Du'a, Quran, Dhikr etc. Sleeping between Fajr and sunrise is Makrouh (disliked) which means it is harmful, but it is not Haraam.
Thank you for your question. It is alright to sleep straight after fajr prayer. It is recommended to stay awake until sunrise reciting the Qur'an or making dhikr.
May you always be successful