Sujūd (سُجود, or sajdah (سجدة), is an Arabic word meaning prostration to God (الله Allah) in the direction of the Ka'ba at Mecca which is usually done during the daily prayers (salat). While in sujud, a Muslim is to praise and glorify Allah. The position involves having the forehead, nose, both hands, knees and all toes touching the ground together.
No. Every mistake needs a separate Sajda Sahw for it.
Yes, it is permissible to put your forehead in prostration on the side of the Turbah (Mahr or Sajdagah) which has writing on it.
After performing the obligatory Zikr ( Subhana RABBIYAL A'la wa bihamdih) one time, it will be then allowed to move.
You do not need to repeat your Prayers.
Sitting between two Sajdas and in Tashahhud and Salaam is permissible in any way which suits you but it is recommended to put the upper side of your left leg on the lower side of your right leg.
A good dua to recite in the last sajda is the following:
اللهم اني اسألك الراحة عند الموت والمغفرة بعد الموت والعفو عند الحساب يا كريم يا وهاب
O Allah verily I ask for ease during death, and forgiveness after death and pardon during the judgement, O giving one, O the giving one.
May Allah grant you success
One Takbeer is obligatory which is Takbiratul Ehraam تكبيرة الإحرام which is the start of every Prayer (Salat). Other Takbeer are recommended and not obligatory at all. It is recommended to say Allahu Akbar before and after every Rokoo' and Sojood . It is recommended to raise both hands near the ear or near the neck.
There are four verses in Quran which we must prostrate when we recite or listen to any of them. They are: 1. The last verse in Sura al-'Alaq . 2. The last verse in Sura Najm. 3. A verse in Sura al-Sajda and 4. A verse in Sura Fussilat.
Immediate prostration is must and we don't need to have Wudhu, no facing Qibla in such prostration. Recitation during this prostration is recommended. It can be Subhanallah سبحان الله or Subhana Rabbi al-A'la Wa Bihamdih سبحان ربي الأعلى وبحمده m or any Du'a or Thikr of Allah even saying Ya Allah.
It is not allowed during obligatory Prayer (Salah) to add Rokoo' or Sojood because it will invalidate the Salah. Reciting any of the four verses of obligatory Sajda is not allowed in obligatory Salah. If you do Sajda for reciting or listening to any of the four verses of obligatory Sajda, you Salah becomes invalid and you need to perform the Salah again.
Sajda al-Shokr is just one prostration in which we say: Shokran Lillah or Shokran Shokran Shokra. It is recommended to repeat Shokran Lillah or Shokran either three or fives or seven or ten or forty time or more.
'It is highly recommended to perform Sajda al-Shokr after every Salah to thank Allah for granting us His blessings to perform Salah. It is also recommended to repeat it whenever we remember any bounty granted to us, or any harm or danger removed away from us.
There are four places in the Quran where it is wajib to perform a sajdah after reciting it, or hearing it. They are in the surahs that are called Suwar al-'Aza`im.
1. Surah Sajdah, verse 15.
2. Surah Ha`-Mim/Fussilat, verse 38.
3. Surah Najm, verse 62.
4. Surah al-"Alaq, verse 19.
And Allah knows best.
There are seven of our body parts that need to be fixed on the ground when we do sujud in our wajib prayers.
Tip of our two toes of our two feet.
Our two knees.
Our two palms.
The eighth, which is our nose is mustahab, to be placed on something that we can do sajdah on, like a turbah.
In the case of your nose being raised from the ground, or on the ground, but on something that is not valid to do sajdah on, then there is no problem and the prayer will be valid.
And Allah knows best.