Prostration (sujud)

Sujūd (سُجود, or sajdah (سجدة), is an Arabic word meaning prostration to God (الله Allah) in the direction of the Ka'ba at Mecca which is usually done during the daily prayers (salat). While in sujud, a Muslim is to praise and glorify Allah. The position involves having the forehead, nose, both hands, knees and all toes touching the ground together.

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Zaid Alsalami, Shaykh Dr Zaid Alsalami is an Iraqi born scholar, raised in Australia. He obtained a BA from Al-Mustafa University, Qom, and an MA from the Islamic College in London. He also obtained a PhD from... Answered 9 months ago

Bismihi ta'ala

Hijab for women is the covering of everything, except for the face and hands. As far as when a woman is praying, she must also wear complete hijab, whether she is in public or she is all alone.

However, our esteemed jurists mention that the feet are exempted from being covered while praying. This means that when a woman is praying, it is not wajib for her to wear socks or cover her feet, unless she is in public or there is a non-mahram male who can see her. 

And Allah knows best.

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Zaid Alsalami, Shaykh Dr Zaid Alsalami is an Iraqi born scholar, raised in Australia. He obtained a BA from Al-Mustafa University, Qom, and an MA from the Islamic College in London. He also obtained a PhD from... Answered 10 months ago

Bismihi ta'ala

Although there are certain things haram for a woman to do while she is in her menstrual cycle, like pray or recite certain parts of the Quran, but it is still permissible, or rather recommended for her to do worship. 

It is mustahab at times of salat for her to sit at her prayer mat and do dhikr, or recite dua, etc. 

It is also permissible for her to perform sajdah, like sajdah shukr. 

And Allah knows best. 

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Zaid Alsalami, Shaykh Dr Zaid Alsalami is an Iraqi born scholar, raised in Australia. He obtained a BA from Al-Mustafa University, Qom, and an MA from the Islamic College in London. He also obtained a PhD from... Answered 1 year ago

Bismihi ta'ala

There are seven obligatory parts that must be touching the ground while in the state of prostration in Salat.

Tip of the toes of both feet, both knees, both palms, and forehead. 

It is also mustahab for the nose to be touching earth as well.

And Allah knows best.

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Zaid Alsalami, Shaykh Dr Zaid Alsalami is an Iraqi born scholar, raised in Australia. He obtained a BA from Al-Mustafa University, Qom, and an MA from the Islamic College in London. He also obtained a PhD from... Answered 1 year ago

Bismihi ta'ala

The dhikr that should be recited in sajdatay al-sahw are:

بِسْمِ اللهِ وَ بِاللهِ، اَلسَّلَامُ عَلَیْكَ أَيُّـهَا النَّبِيُّ وَ رَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَ بَـرَکَاتُهُ

bismillāhi wa billāhi, assalāmu ʿalayka ayyuhan nabiyyu wa raḥmatullāhi wa barakātuh.
In the name of Allah and by Allah. Peace be upon you O Prophet, and Allah’s mercy and His blessings (be upon you too).

I also have a tutorial that could be of benefit as well:

And Allah knows best.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answer updated 1 year ago

It is permissible to recite Du'a Tawassul during Sajdah because the Sajdah is only for Allah (SWT) and never for any one else but Allah. During Sajda Sahw, we recite (Bismillah a Billah, Assalamu Alayka Ayyuha Annabiyyu Wa Rahmatullah Wa Barakatuh). It does not mean that we doing Sajda for the Prophet (SAWA) but for Allah (SWT) only. Addressing the Prophet or any Ma'soom during Sajdah does not make the Sajdah for him at all but it remains always for Allah (SWT). It menas hat you are talking to them while prostrating to Allah (SWT).

Wassalam.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 1 year ago

The Prayer is valid.

If you remembered that you missed on Sajda by mistake, you should perform it immediately after the Prayer then perform 2 Sajda of Sahw (forgetting). The way of performing the two Sajda of Sahw is just prostrating and saying during Sajda (BISMILLAH WABILLAH ALLAHUMMA SALLI 'ALA MUHAMMAD WA AALI MUHAMMAD) then sitting and going again to Sajda and saying the same, then sitting and reciting Tashahhud and Salam.

Wassalam.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 1 year ago

It is permissible to prostrate on a clay on which something is written, though it is much better to prostrate on plain clay ( Torbah) or Mohr or Sajdagah.

Wassalam.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 1 year ago

No Sajda but only to Allah (SWT).

The Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) and The Infallible Imams refused and forbade Sajda to them and said that Sajda is only to Allah (SWT).

We have many authentic Hadeeths on this fact.

The Sajda of the angles to Adam (AS) was in fact to Allah (SWT) who ordered the angles to do it.

Sajda in the shrines of Ahlu Bayt (AS) is in fact Sajda of Shokr (Thanking Prostration) , to thank Allah (SWT) who granted us he great bounty to reach and visit the shrines of Ahlul Bayt (AS).

Wassalam.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 1 year ago

Sajda (Prostration) on carpet is Not permissible unless you are under dangerous situations where Taqiyya becomes permissible for you to avoid possible danger or harm.

Wassalam.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 1 year ago

If you remember the verse in your mind, it is not called reciting but just thinking or remembering. Sajda is obligatory on reciting or listening to any of the known four verses of Sajda.

Wassalam.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 2 years ago

There is no difference in the obligatory acts of Sajda between man and woman but it is recommended ( Mustahab) for man to raise his arms above the floor putting his hands on the floor while Sajda. For woman, it is recommended for her to put her arms with her hands on the floor while performing Sajda.

Wassalam.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 2 years ago

It is recommended to recite between the two Sajdas in Prayers: Astaghfirullah Rabbi Wa Atoobo  Elaf. أستغفر الله ربي وأتوب إليه.

Wassalam.