Imam al-Ḥasan ibn Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib (الحسن ابن علي ابن أبي طالب, 624–670 CE), commonly known as Hasan or Hassan, is the eldest son of Muhammad's daughter Fatimah and of Ali, and the older brother to Husayn. Muslims respect him as a grandson of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad. Among Shia Muslims, Hasan is revered as the 2nd Imam.
No doubt at all that Imam Hasan (AS) and Imam Husain (AS) are the two masters of all the youth in Paradise. This fact has been mentioned in many Hadeeths in Sunni and Shia books. The Hadeeth states also : Their father is better than them وأبوهما خير منهما. Al-Mustadrak ala al-Saheehain by al-Haakim al-Nisabori , V.3, P.182.
All believers in the Paradise will be young even if they dies in old age. There will be no old age in Paradise. The masters of all in the Paradise will be the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) being the Best of all creatures, then Imam Ali (As) as it is mentioned in the Hadeeth, then Imam Hasan (AS) and Imam Husain (AS).
Thank you for your question. The peace treaty brought the battle to an end as Muawiya's tactics had caused confusion in the army of Imam al-Hasan (as) making the continuation of armed struggle unwise. The Imam was unable to continue fighting because of discord in his army and so agreed to the treaty.
The meaning of vicegerency is that he is charged with acting on God's behalf and has the merit to do that. This is due to his complete servitude and spiritual station. There is no dichotomy between the decision of God and the decision of the Imam.
May you always be successful
The Sayyid title is applied to all of the descendants of Hashim (they are called Hashimis) so it includes all of Imam Ali's (as) children.
May you always be successful
Umme Farwa was wife of Imam Muhammad Al-Baqir (AS) . Her real name was Fatima Bint Al-Qasim and wshe was known by Umme Farwa. She was the mother of Imam Jafar Al-Sadiq (AS).
What you heard is not true.
This story is mentioned in the book Ithbat al-Hodat, compiled by al-Hurr al-'Amili (vol. 4, p. 28).
The gist of the story is a king in China killed his daughter and a member of his court, regretted it, and sought advice from his court on how to bring them back to life. One of the viziers said there is a man in Medina named al-Hasan ibn 'Ali who could do this. The king told him he had a month to bring al-Hasan there (even though it was about a 6 month journey from China to Medina). The vizier prayed intensely, and, while he was praying, he heard a voice saying "Rise". He rose and found Imam al-Hasan (A) there. Imam al-Hasan (A) passed his hand over the two people who had been killed and prayed that Allah revive them, and they came back to life. Then the king married his daughter to Imam al-Hasan (A).
I am not aware of a chain of narration for the story and so it is not possible to say from that angle whether it is authentic or not. Also, I am not aware of any historical evidence that Imam al-Hasan (A) went to China. So, it is possible that this story is not historically true.
However, a number of hadith indicate that the Imams had the ability to miraculously travel from place to place instantaneously and perform karamat through the permission of Allah, and so that main idea in and of itself is reasonable and supported by other texts, even if this particular story might not be true.
A good book to read on this is The Succession to Muhammad [s] by Wilferd Madelung, who explains very clearly the subtleties of the political situation of 'Uthman. 'Uthman had incited fury among Egyptians, Kufans and others because of his nepotism and awarding his family property that belonged to the umma. He had also cut 'Aisha's stipend, angering her. The Egyptians came as a delegation to 'Uthman with their grievances, but he refused to listen to them. Instead, he appealed to Imam Ali (as) to tell them to go away. Imam 'Ali (as) warned 'Uthman more than once that in order to calm the situation, he must listen to their grievances and correct his actions. 'Uthman refused to listen, and so Imam 'Ali (as) distanced himself. 'A'isha sent out letters inciting those who were angry with 'Uthman to kill him. 'Uthman's palace was stormed. Interestingly, 'Uthman was abandoned by his cousin Marwan and his sons in his time of need. Imam 'Ali (as) sent just Imam Hasan (as) (not Imam Husayn) and some others to try to calm the crowds, but they went ahead and killed 'Uthman. Because Imam 'Ali (as) had not directly intervened, Aisha later took advantage of this and accused him of being responsible for 'Uthman's murder. She used this allegation to try to overthrow Imam Ali (as). Imam 'Ali (as) says in sermon 30 in Nahj al-Balagha that both parties were in the wrong: 'Uthman was wrong for misappropriating property and governing badly; and the Egyptians and others were wrong for murdering 'Uthman, basically meaning that the grievances should have been addressed through a legal process: "If I had ordered his assassination I would have been his killer, but if I had prevented others from killing him I would have been his helper... I am putting before you his case. He appropriated wealth and did it badly. You protested against it and committed excesses therein. With Allah lies the real verdict between the appropriator and the protestor.' Thus, in sending Imam Hasan (as) to try to calm the crowds, Imam 'Ali (as) was not actually siding with 'Uthman, nor supporting him, but was rather trying to prevent excessive and unlawful behaviour on behalf of the aggrieved parties.
Imam Hasan (A) is said to have had about 15 or 16 children, but there are some historical disagreements about the details of how many children he had or who else [apart from al-Qasim's mother] he also was married to.
Allah knows the wisdom behind every thing He ordained. We believe in the Absolute Wisdom of Allah and do not go in to details which is out of our reach of thinking. Our Faith in the Absolute Wisdom of Allah (SWT) is enough for us and it is the real and proper way when we deal with decisions of Allah ( SWT).
We and all the scholars might thing about some reasons like the reward of the sacrifice in Karbala, but that can never be the full reason.We always say: Allah and His messenger know more. الله ورسوله أعلم
The question Why when it comes on any rule from Allah can mislead people who do not have enough submission to the will and wisdom of Allah (SWT).
In the life of all the prophets and infallible Imams, similar question about reasons of succession can mislead weak hearted persons who don’t have real faith in the absolute Wisdom of Allah (SWT).
It is mentioned in history books of both Shi'a and Sunni sides that at the time of the martyrdom of Imam Hasan al-Mujtaba (a.s.), 'Aishah gathered some people, mounted a mule, and prevented the Imam from being buried next to his grandfather's grave.
In order to avoid any further bloodshed, Imam Husain (a.s.) buried his elder brother in Jannatul-Baqi' Cemetary.
With prayers for your success.
Allah (The Glorious) knows whom to appoint as an Imam and we have no authority nor capacity to know. We definitely believe that every order by Allah (SWT) is based on the absolute benefit of human beings and the whole universe.
Al-Hasan Al-Muthanna was never an Imam, as the Imamate after Imam Husain (AS) was to Imam Ali Zainul Abideen (AS). No one from Imam Hasan's sons or grand sons was an Imam.
All the names of the Twelve Imams were clearly mentioned by the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) in many authentic Hadeeths. (Ithbaat Al-Hudaat By Al-Hurr Al-Aamily in three volumes).
From the Shi'a point of view an Imam is not chosen by people. Even the ma'soom Imam himself does not chose who the next Imam will be. It is something exclusively appointed by Almighty God.
We clearly know that an Imam must have certain characteristics, the most important of them is 'Ismah, which is not something that can be acquired, and it is something endowed by the Almighty.
In addition to this, we see that the Prophet had mentioned who the Ahlul Bayt (a.s.) were, and the numerous famous traditions of the Twelve Khalifahs have also mentioned this.
Even in the case of Imam Husain (a.s.), it was one of his sons who was divinely selected and appointed to be the next Imam.
Another point that can be mentioned here is that the descendents of Imam Hasan (a.s.) did have a continuous role in Imamah.One example for this is that Imam Muhammad al-Baqir's (a.s.) mother was the daughter of Imam al-Mujtaba (a.s.). This means that Imam al-Baqir (a.s.) goes back to both Imam Hasan and Imam Husain (a.s.).
There is a tradition that says as a result of the greatest sacrifice made by Imam Husain (a.s.), he was blessed with three things:
1. The lineage of the Imams are from him.
2. There is cure in his soil.
3. Prayers are answered under his dome.
May the Almighty grant us their shafa'ah.