Imam al-Hasan

Imam al-Ḥasan ibn Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib (الحسن ابن علي ابن أبي طالب‎‎, 624–670 CE), commonly known as Hasan or Hassan, is the eldest son of Muhammad's daughter Fatimah and of Ali, and the older brother to Husayn. Muslims respect him as a grandson of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad. Among Shia Muslims, Hasan is revered as the 2nd Imam.

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Zaid Alsalami, Shaykh Dr Zaid Alsalami is an Iraqi born scholar, raised in Australia. He obtained a BA from Al-Mustafa University, Qom, and an MA from the Islamic College in London. He also obtained a PhD from... Answer updated 3 years ago

Bismihi ta'ala

The case of Imam Hasan al-Mujtaba (a.s.) having married a large number of women, and also excessively divorcingو is a topic that can be approached from different angles.

The claim is that Imam al-Mujtaba (a.s.) was a Mitlaaq, which means someone who excessively divorces (from the word talaq). 

There are some narrations that hint to this in certain Sunni hadith books, which, for Shi'a, do not carry recognition, based on its sources and also other hadith related principles.

However, the issue is that there are some very scarce and random narrations dispersed in some Shi'a hadith books, like Sheikh al-Kulaini's al-Kafi, that do mention such a thing.  

There are different views regarding this issue: 

Some scholars, a number of them were Akhbaris, have defending this view, saying that because such has been stated in al-Kafi, hence it must be authentic. 

Some justifications have been given that in reality is not correct and the Imam did not excessively marry, but Imam Ali (a.s.) spread this rumour to discourage people from marrying him and misusing his status.  

Another view is that Imam al-Mujtaba (a.s.) wanted to increase the number of descendants of the holy Prophet (s.a.w). 

However, there are many problems with accepting these narrations. 

This claim is far from any reality, and nothing more than a myth. In one narration it says that a whole caravan of women had claimed that they were his ex-wives. This is very distant from the basic conduct of a normal person, let alone a Ma'soom. Divorce itself was something disliked during the pre-Islamic Jahiliyah age, and so how can we even think that the Imam (a.s.) would engage in such a thing, and so frequently.

We cannot deny the attempts made by the enemies to defame the members of Ahlul Bayt (a.s.). This being said, if there was any level of truth to this issue, why do we not have any reference of the likes of Mu'awiyah mentioning this against the Imam (a.s.). 

There is a lot more than can be said about this topic, but in brief it is nothing but a myth and far from the moral and divine status of the Imam (a.s.).

For further reading, please refer to the following book which has discussed this in detail:

https://www.islamic-college.ac.uk/shop/introduction-to-rijal-studies/

Wassalam

Rebecca Masterton, Dr Rebecca Masterton graduated with a BA in Japanese Language and Literature; an MA in Comparative East Asian and African Literature and a PhD in Islamic literature of West Africa. She has been... Answer updated 3 years ago

It is reported supposedly from Ja'far as-Sadiq and Imam 'Ali (as) that Imam Hasan divorced a lot, and had up to 90 wives. (Suyuti) [This report has no isnāds]

Abu Talib Makki (d. 386 AH/996 AD), author of Qut al-Qulub, repeated the allegation that Imam Hasan (as) divorced a lot.

‘After a thorough study of these reports, I have found that the first man known to accuse Imam Hasan of "marrying and divorcing" was the 2nd Abbasid Khalifa, Mansur, who because of his dynastic policies was bent upon belittling Amir al-Mu'minin `Ali and his descendants. […] For this purpose, he gave a public address after that mass arrest, in which he shamelessly said: "By God, we left the descendants of Abu Talib and the Khilafat; we did not interfere at all. `Ali ibn Abi Talib became Khalifa. After him Hasan ibn `Ali became Khalifa. By God, he did not deserve it. He was offered money, which he accepted; Mu'awiya sent him a message that he would make him his successor. So, Hasan abdicated the Khilafat and left the government and power. He left everything to Mu'awiya, and turned his attention, to women, marrying one woman today, divorcing another one tomorrow. He remained like this till he died in his bed."

(AI-Mas'udi; in Muruj al-Dhahab, Vol.3, p.226).’ (Sayyed Saeed Akhtar Rizvi, Imam Hasan 'The Myth of his Divorces', Al-Serat, Vol 4 (1978), No 3). 

http://www.al-islam.org/al-serat/imamhasan.htm

He actually only had three wives, the last of which poisoned him, at the request of Yazid ibn Mu’awiya (See Suyuti again)