Hadith al-Qudsi

81614

Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 1 year ago

Bismillah

This narration is in the context of holding a good opinion of God, and that a believer should always place their hope in God no matter how bad their situation. That does not mean that they should not be aware of God's Justice, but that they should always have that ray of hope that causes them to repent. The better opinion of God a person has, the better it is for them.

May you always be successful

81598

Amina Inloes, Amina Inloes is originally from the US and has a PhD in Islamic Studies from the University of Exeter on Shi'a hadith. She is the program leader for the MA Islamic Studies program at the... Answered 1 year ago

Further clarification:

There are many different hadith that are considered hadith qudsi (that is, telling us directly what God says, but not as part of the Qur'anic revelation). 

Some of these hadith are shared between Sunnis and Shi'is, and some are specifically Sunni, and some are specifically Shi'i.

As mentioned in the previous answer, each one can be evaluated individually with respect to its authenticity.

Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answer updated 1 year ago

Hadeeth Qudsi is narrated in Sunni and Shia books. Our Ulama study the content and the chain of narrators before giving their opinion about the authenticity of it.

We have books on Hadeeth Qudsi compiled by Shia Ulama as well as Sunni Ulama.

Wassalam.

61531

Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 1 year ago

The narration which says that (Allah SWT was a hidden treasure and He liked to be known so He created the creation to be Known) has got
many points to point out :

1. About the authenticity of the narrators:  This narration is claimed to be a Hadeeth Qudsi, but we don’t have in our authentic books an authentic
chain of narrators for this narration. Even we do not see any chain of narrators in Sunni books. Yet many of our scholars and Sunni
scholars have mentioned this narration as Hadeeth Qudsi but no mention to the narrators’ chain, e.g.
Al Mohaqiq al Karaki mentioned this narration in his book Ar Rasael . Also Ibn Abi Jumhoor Al Ahsaee mentioned this narration in his book Ghawaali Al La Aali. Also Al Majlisi mentioned this narration in
Bihaar Al Anwar. Also Al Sabzawari mentioned this narration in Shar’h
Al Asmaa’ Al Husna. From the Sunni scholars many have mentioned this
narration, among them Al Aamudi in his book Al Ahkaam.

From the Shia Ulema, there are prominent Ulema who considered this
narration as fabricated. Among them is Al Sayyed Al Mar’ashi Shabuddin
in his book Ehqaaq Al Haqq vol 6 Pg 431. Many Sunni scholars also said
that this narration is not authentic at all e.g. Al-Ajlooni in Kashf Al-Khafaa’, 2:132, Al-Zarkashi, Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalaani,  and Al-Soyooti and many others.

So the first question here is about he authenticity of this narration.
We cannot here deny completely or confirm that this narration is
authentic because of the different opinions about the authenticity of
this narration.

2. The content: In studying the content of this narration if
this narration can be proved as authentic, there are important things
to be mentioned to remove the mis-understanding.

The translation of this narration in English as quoted by the person
who put the question is not correct. The narration says “KONTO KANZAN MAKHFIYYAN FA AHBABTO AN O’RAF FAKHALAQTO AL-KHALQA KAI O’RAF. (I WAS A HIDDEN TREASURE AND I LIKED TO BE KNOWN, SO I CREATED THE CREATION TO BE KNOWN). Allah SWT didn’t say that I needed to be known. The
narration says Allah liked to be known. Liking is not a need. Say, any
generous person, he always likes to give. This liking to give is not a
need at all. Allah SWT likes to grant His mercy on His creation who
will be created by Him. That does not mean at all that Allah SWT
needed to create them But Allah SWT  liked to extend His generosity,
His bounties, His mercy on them. The Quranic verse: “ELLA MAN RAHIMA RABBOK WA LITHAALIKA KHALAQAHUM"
( Allah created all the for granting them from His mercy)( Sura Hud, Verse 119).
So granting the mercy is not a need and it is wrong to think that
Allah SWT was in need to create the creation but in fact it was from
the generosity of Allah SWT and His grace on the creation and His
bounties and mercy that He created the creation.

Wassalam.

Abbas Di Palma, Shaykh Abbas Di Palma holds a BA and an MA degree in Islamic Studies, and certifications from the Language Institute of Damascus University. He has also studied traditional Islamic sciences in... Answered 1 year ago

as salam alaikum

there is not reliable isnad found for this hadith; it is therefore problematic to accept it from a mere technical perspective. On the other hand, several scholars have quoted it, like Fakhr al-Din al-Razi in his "Tafsir", Muhaqqiq al-Karaki amongst his "Rasa'il", Ibn Abi Jumhur al-Ahsa'i in "al-Ghawali al-Li'ali" and al-Majlisi in "Bihar al-Anwar" and Ibn 'Arabi in "al-Futuhat al-Makiyyah".

As far as its content, some scholars have raised the following objections:

1) The perfection of Allah is self-subsistent and so it is His knowledge, meaning that He is known by Himself and does not need someone else to be known.

2) The Qur'an says: "To Him belong the Most Beautiful Names" (7:180). The word "treasure" (كنز) implies a conception related to a solid-material reality  while "there is nothing like Him" (42:11).

3) The word "hidden" (مخفيا) is past participle and needs an active participle which in the said case would be other than Allah.

In conclusion, its authenticity is not ascertained.

With prayers for your success.

61423

Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 1 year ago

Hadeeth Qudsi is a narration from the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) which is supposed to be from Allah (SWT) in its meanings and from the Prophet (SAWA) in its wordings. Hadeeth Qudsi is not like Quran because the whole Quran is absolutely authentic and every letter in Quran is from Allah The Glorious in the meaning and the words, while Hadeeth Qudsi is a narration which must be authentic and if it is proves authentic, then the meanings id from Allah but he wordings is from the Prophet .

As every narration from the Prophet (SAWA) needs to be studies properly by specialized scholars in its contents (Matn) and narrators who must be reliable. The scholars in Hadeeth study every narration, to be sure that its content does not contradict the facts mentioned in Quran and authentic Hadeeths, as well as the narrators must be reliable and trustworthy.

Hadeeth Qudsi is narrated in Shia books of Hadeeth as well as Sunni books of Hadeeth.

The prominent Shia scholar Al-Horr Al-Aamily has compiled a well known book in Hadeeth Qudsi called Al-Jawahir Al-Saniyyah Fil Ahadeeth Al-Qudsiyyah.

http://www.alseraj.net/maktaba/kotob/hadith/Jawaher_essunne/Jawaher_essu...

Our scholars take from the narrations only the authentic ones, just like the narrations in every subject.

Wassalam.

Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 1 year ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. Hadith Qudsi is a tradition that is narrated from God, but which is not part of the Quran. Not all hadith Qudsi are authentic.

May you always be successful 

58268

Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 2 years ago
Ziyarat Ashura is one of the most authentic Ziyarats. It is Narrated through authentic narrators from Imam Mohammad Al-Baqir ( AS).
Wassalam.