Philosophy of Religion
Philosophy of religion is "the philosophical examination of the central themes and concepts involved in religious traditions". Philosophical discussions on such topics date from ancient times, and appear in the earliest known texts concerning philosophy. The field is related to many other branches of philosophy, including metaphysics, epistemology, and ethics.The philosophy of religion differs from religious philosophy in that it seeks to discuss questions regarding the nature of religion as a whole, rather than examining the problems brought forth by a particular belief-system.
This question can come from non Muslim or even some Muslims who lack basic knowledge about Islam.
For non Muslims we say that Quran is living and ever lasting miracle in Islam which challenges every one to bring like any part of Quran. No one from all the enemies of Allah could bring any verse like Quran. This proves that Quran is not for a human source . Quran clearly states that Islam is the last religion and Prophet Mohammad (SAWA) and no Prophet will come after him.( Sura 33, Verse 40).
The Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) has made thousand of statements during 23 years of his declared prophethood. None of his statements was wrong at all. He himself said: O Ali, you are from me like Haroun was to Easa, but no Prophet will be after me.( Saheeh al-Bukhari , Hadeeth number 4064).
Thank you for your question. Every person is free to choose the religion they would like to follow, however, it is natural that parents will have an influence in the decision of their children and this is why many children choose the religion that their parents adhere to. At the same time it is important for parents to teach their children to follow what is right and so Islam is against hereditary conditioning. But if the parents are able to effectively communicate the beliefs, ideals and ethics of Islam to their children then that is a great bounty of guidance for the children and the children can then develop those understandings for future generations, choosing to follow Islam with the education that their parents gave them from their own life experience.
May you always be successful.
Yes, every Muslim spouse is responsible to help guide their spouse to avoid them sinful thoughts or acts. Allah says in Quran ( O those who believe, save yourselves and your families from Hellfire)(66:6). يا أيها الذين آمنوا قوا أنفسكم وأهليكم نارا
It is the responsibility of the husband towards his wife, as well as the responsibility of the wife towards her husband, and the responsibility on every one from them towards their children.
Thank you for your question. One book I found really useful and inspiring when I started studying is A commentary on 40 hadith by Ayatullah Khumayni (r), and I still revisit that book and even teach from it now.
I would also recommend going through The Scale of Wisdom to get an idea of what the scriptural sources say on a variety of topics. InshaAllah I will be launching a podcast covering the book with a short commentary in the near future. To find the podcast just search my name or The Scale of Wisdom in any of the regular podcast platforms (such as Apple podcasts, Google podcasts, Spotify etc)
May you always be successful.
It depends on your level of education and knowledge, but it is good to go through some useful Shia websites like al-Islam.org as a start, then pick up some books which you can digest and go ahead step by step.
We need to know more about : Faith with evidence from Quran and authentic Hadeeth, then Jurisprudence especially the day to day issues bt reading the Islamic practical Laws of the Marja' of Taqleed, then Akhlaaq through the life and sayings of the Prophet (SAWA) and his Holy Progeny (AS).
Seeking knowledge goes along all our life and no one can claim that he needs no more knowledge, so keep seeking knowledge continuously with sincere intention to be real servant of Allah (SWT), the Prophet (SAWA) and Ahlul Bayt (AS).
Hajj is obligatory immediately when we are able to perform it. Knowledge about basic rules of Hajj and Prayers is must which is simple and can be obtained in short time. Less knowledge about general teachings of Islam does not mean an excuse to postpone Hajj.
You will get more blessings of Hajj as your intention is more sincere to perform this great worship and submit to and follow the Prophet (SAWA) and his Ahlul Bayt (AS).
The sincere performance of Hajj opens gates for more blessings , wealth and knowledge.
As you know Islam encourages a positive and healthy spiritual and moral lifestyle, where one of the most important elements of life is building a relationship with our Creator, Almighty God. This can be done by offering a minimum of a few minutes a day and devoting it to praying to the Almighty.
What God wants from us is not that much, and all the benefit will come back to us.
Avoiding sin is one side of religion, and indeed an important side, but so is participation. A Muslim must try to practice as much of Islam as possible, furthering his or her spiritual progress.
Change will occur when you put your mind to feeling God in your practical life. When you surround yourself with Allah ta'ala, you will automatically turn to following His commands. You will feel an inner strength, and this will make your go through the transform that you need.
Living an Islamic lifestyle will give you the enlightenment that you need as a human being, and it will fulfill your purpose in this dunya.
I would encourage you to read books on Islamic Akhlaq, like certain books written by the late Shaheed Ayatullah Dastghayb.