Jesus (c. 4 BC – c. AD 30 / 33), also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader. He is the central figure of Christianity. Most Christians believe he is the incarnation of God the Son and the awaited Messiah (Christ) prophesied in the Old Testament. The Muslims believe Jesus to be a Prophet like Moses before him.
Truth must be said and no one knows The Full Truth more than Allah.
We must say what Allah (SWT) said in Qur'an. The Truth does change because of people.
Jesus (AS) did not die and he is still alive in the sky and will come back to the earth in the time of the re appearance of Imam Al-Mahdi (AS). This fact will make the Muslim World and Christian World closer to each other.
The first part of this question is really a question about the authenticity of the Qur'anic text: is it all as the Prophet Muhammad stated, or could anything have been added to it over the centuries?
Since, from the time of the Prophet, the Qur'an was heavily memorized and was transmitted by multiple transmitters, and was compiled early in Islamic history, it is unlikely that anything was added to it, as it would not have been accepted by the people. There was also a lot of strictness in copying the Qur'an. (This is in contrast to other historical manuscripts, which may easily have had interpolations) It is virtually impossible to find anyone who seriously argues that anything was added to the Qur'an after the time of the Prophet Muhammad.
For more information on the compilation of the Qur'an, you could consult Qur'anic Sciences by Abbas and Masuma Jaffer.
(From an Islamic theological perspective, the entire Qur'an is the word of God not specifically the Prophet, so technically this verse is seen as the word of God not the word of the Prophet; for the Prophet's style of speech, one could consult the hadith.)
As for Christianity itself... Certainly Christianity IS a world religion that is acknowledged as an existing religion in the Qur'an. There have been many interpretations of Christianity and ways that it is lived, and there were a number of sects in and around the Arabian Peninsula.
The Qur'an praises some aspects of Christianity and acknowledges it a religion of God, while at the same time it criticizes some beliefs or gives a different viewpoint. This is one of those differences and clearly it is a major theological difference, but it doesn't mean that Christianity as a whole has no truth or merit to it.
While the Qur'an teaches that all prophets before the time of Islam, including Jesus, taught the same message, it does not say that every religion that emerged was absolutely correct or identical. Even just considering Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, there are obviously major differences between them! Rather, the position of the Qur'an is that some people deviated from the teachings of their prophets or introduced incorrect beliefs or practices, and this is why there is variance in religions.
Every verse in Quran was revealed on the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) and he conveyed it exactly as it was revealed. The Prophet is infallible and he is the most truthful person. Whatever he conveyed was from Allah with out any doubt.
Jesus was never killed nor crucified by his enemies who did try to commit that crimes, but they failed because Allah (SWT) made the person who informed the enemies of Jesus to catch and kill him, Allah made him look like Jesus in shape, and saved Jesus and raised him to the sky. The enemies of Jesus killed and crucified that person (the informer) not Jesus.
This fact does not harm the validity of the real teachings of Christianity which in fact never said that Jesus was crucified, but it does invalidate the false claims of the enemies of Jesus.
Quran states that the enemies of Jesus attempted to kill and crucify him but they could not do so, as they caught and killed and crucified some one else who looked like him.( 4: 157).
Thank you for your question. The pre-eternal existence of the reality of the Prophet (saw) is understood from the traditions concerning the first creations that God created as being the Prophet (saw) and the Imams (as) (see al-Kafi (2) 443 for example). The rational theorization of what this means is derived from trying to understand how a limited world comes about from an unlimited Creator without that world being something completely separate from Him, as that would result in His limitation. To properly get to grasp with these kinds of questions and their theories a background in philosophy and theoretical mysticism is needed, but I hope that goes some way to answer the first part of your question.
As for the second part of your question, the issue of Jesus (as) being born in the material world before the birth of the Prophet (saw) is different from the ontological precedence of the reality of the Prophet (saw) over all of creation. The reality of the Prophet (saw) is not the material manifestation of the Prophet (saw), but it is his ontological reality as the first creation of God and the most unlimited of His creation. It is this reality that Jesus (as) too was a manifestation of.
May you always be successful.
Thank you for your question. The criteria to understand this statement is not the amount of Christians or Muslims as that would mean that another shared prophet, such as Ibrahim (as) would be the most beloved as Jews, Christians and Muslims all love prophet Ibrahim (as) for example. Rather, the Prophet (saw) being the most beloved creation can be understood in a couple of ways:
1) He (saw) is the most beloved creature to God, and since God has the greatest capacity to love, the Prophet (saw) is the most beloved creature of all time.
2) The pre-eternal reality of the Prophet (saw) is the source of existence of all that is good and so the whole of creation from its beginning to its end loves the Prophet (saw) including Jesus (as), whose very goodness and belovedness is derived from the belovedness of the Prophet (saw).
May you always be successful.
Long life gifted by Allah (SWT) to Jesus, Al-Khidhr and Imam Al-Mahdi (AS) does not mean does not mean that they will never die. Prophet Easa Jesus (AS) will definitely taste death when his life ends. The criticism is invalid.
There is no doubt for any one with minimum knowledge about the history of the different Jewish and Christian scriptures that they are not the original scriptures revealed on Moses and Jesus, but were compiled long time after them.
The different Torahs and different Bibles existing today are living evidence that the original scriptures are mot in the hands of people.
1. Qur'an is very clear that Jesus (Easa) (AS) was never killed nor crucified despite the criminal attempt of his enemies to kill and crucify him, but they killed and crucified a person who looked like him. (Al-Nisaa' 157).
2. Jesus was raised from the earth to the sky (Al-Nisaa' 158).
3. Jesus is still alive in the sky and will come down to the earth and will be a follower and supporter of Imam Al-Mahdi (AS).
Quranic verses confirm the virgin birth of Jesus. Sura Maryam; Verses 16 to 35.
It is worth mentioning that Prophet Jesus (Easa)(AS) is mentioned in Quran 25 times exactly like the number of the mention of Prophet Adam (AS) who is also mentioned in Quran 25 times. Allah (The Most Glorious) says in Quran ( Verily, the likeness of Jesus with Allah is the likeness of Adam, Allah created him from clay then told him be, and he was). Adam was created with out parents and Easa was created with out father. Both are miraculous.
Jesus is a Prophet of God, so even if we accept that these are miracles, it proves that he is the messenger of Allah and is holy.
Moreover, Christianity is a religion of Allah but Muslims believe it happened distortion in this religion. And we should follow the religion of our time...