Salah ("worship", صلاة; pl. صلوات ṣalawāt; also salat), or namāz (Persian: نَماز) in some languages, is one of the Five Pillars in the faith of Islam and an obligatory religious duty for every Muslim (Male & Female, with certain exemptions based on Taqwa). It is a physical, mental, and spiritual act of worship that is observed five times every day at prescribed times.
Being poor is not an excuse not to pray, in fact praying increases wealth, material and spiritual.
First, begin by performing your prayers, once that has been done. Other things, like seeing the ahlulbayt in dreams might be possible.
When we end our Prayer by saying Assalamu Alaykum Warahmatullah Wa Barakatoh, we say then 3 times ( Allahu Akbar) as recommended Thikr ذِكر narrated from the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) after the end of Salah. We don't need to turn our face or head left and right. The recommended is to to raise our both hands up to near our ears saying Allahu Akbar and do that three times.
Here are some following rulings which may help you:
An individual who suffers from incontinence and cannot control himself, if it is not difficult for him to perform wodu’ every time, he should have a vessel of water next to him so that every time urine or stool is discharged from him, he immediately performs wodu ’ and continue with his salah. If it was too difficult for him to perform wodu’ every time, then he should perform one wodu’ for every salah.
Case: An individual who suffers from Incontinence must perform wodu’ for every salah, and engage in the salah immediately. However, it is not mandatory for him to perform wodu’ in order to perform a forgotten sajdah, or a forgotten tashahhud, or the Ihtiyat} salah that must be performed immediately after the salah – provided it is performed immediately after the salah and without delay.
Case: An individual who suffers from incontinence such that urine is discharged from him continually must [take the necessary measures to] prevent the urine from reaching other parts of his body while performing the salah by, say, using a cotton-filled bag. As per obligatory precaution, the bag and the urine outlet should be rendered tahhir before every salah, if this does not constitute [undue] discomfort. Similarly, he who cannot control his bowels must [take the necessary measure to] prevent his faeces from reaching other parts during salah, if it were possible, and as per obligatory precaution, he should render his anus tahir for every salah if this does not constitute discomfort for him.
Case: An individual who suffers from a condition that renders him unable to control emitting wind, should act according to the duties of one who suffers from incontinence.
Case: It is not obligatory for the individual who has recovered from one’s incontinence condition to offer qada>’ (in lieu of) prayers for those salah he had performed during his illness, if he had performed those prayers according to his duties outlined.
May Allah grant you success
Just to know in your heart that you are performing Qadha of the specific missed Prayer, for the sake of Allah (SWT).
'It is Makrouh (Disliked) to say your intention in your tongue. Intention is only in the heart in all worships. Only in Hajj and Umra rituals, it will be recommended to pronounce your intention.
Salatul Ehtiyat صلاة الاحتياط is obligatory when you doubt missing Ra'ah or more. There are situation of missing Rak'at which invalidates the Prayer. There are also situation of Qadha.
Missing Rak'at has many situations and reasons. Please write more details of your situation and how and why did you miss Rak'at so that the answer can respond to your situation.
Shia great scholars (Maraaji' of Taqleed) allow reciting Quran in any of the famous seven recitations including the Qira'ah of Warsh, although we believe that the Qira'ah of Hafs from 'Aasim is the most authentic as it was taken from Ameerul Mo'mineen Ali (AS).
We are allowed to pray behind any Muslim following any Muslim sect apart from Shia Islam, but we need to recite Al-Hamd and Sura whispering,bin the first and second Rak'ats for ourselves.
Thank you for your question. In the period of occultation, most jurists in the modern period have ruled that a person has a choice whether to pray jummah or zuhr on a Friday. Jummah is better but zuhr is also sufficient for a person go have fulfilled their obligations.
May you always be successful
You don't need to repeat the Prayer as you prayed as Qadha, thinking that time has already gone.
Some Muslims pray but with out understanding the message of Prayers and don't obey the Prophet (SAWA), like the Kharijites of that time and ISIS of today.
Real Prayer which purifies us is performed with humble obedience of Allah (SWT) and the Prophet (SAWA) and Ahlul Bayt (AS).
You must pray your obligatory Prayers in any case. If you difficulty in wiping over toenail, you must wipe over another nail. While Sojood, you put you toenail on the ground as far as you can.
The word imām simply means one who leads. It comes from the root word 'amma, which means someone who other people follow.
The Arabic word amām means front or forward, and imām, denotes that as well, because the leader or one who is being followed is going to be in the front. The term ummah also comes from the same root word as well.
The opposite of the imām is the ma'mūm, which means the follower (ma'mūmīn -followers). The plural for imām is a'imma.
For example, the person leading prayer is called imām jamā'ah, or leader of congregational prayer. The follower/s are called ma'mūm/ma'mūmīn.
The Quran makes reference to this term, using it for righteous leaders, but also using it for evil leaders as well (like surah tawbah, 12).
Therefore, the term imām can be used in different ways, depending on its context.
It could be imām of congregational prayer. The term imām could be used as a title for a scholar, like the local imām who is an Islamic cleric. It could be used for someone who aspires to become a leader among the righteous, like the verse:
وَاجْعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ إِمَامًا
It could be used as an honorific title for someone who was a great leader, like Imām Khomeini.
It could be imām of the four Sunni Madhhabs, like Imām al-Shafi'i.
It could be used as a title for the chief leader, or a ruler, or a caliph.
In our Shi'i context, we avoid using the word caliph as a title for our leaders and the successors of the Prophet (s.a.w), and we refer to them as Imāms, like Imām Ali, etc.
And Allah knows best.
Full list of sinful acts needs a book which is out of the space of this website. There are already many books published in this regard which you can refer to. Nevertheless, the main criterion in getting our Salah and other worship accepted is piousness تقوى as Allah (SWT) said in Sura 5, Verse 27: Allah only accepts from the pious إنما يتقبل الله من المتقين.
Being pious means avoiding any deliberate sinful act in our personal, family, social, financial social, etc life. It is not difficult for a Muslim with basic knowledge to know what are the sinful acts, then to try his best to avoid it. It will definitely need strong will power and continuous hard word to get rid of the sinful habits, but after all, it is worth putting every possible effort to purify ourselves from sinful acts.
Narrated Hadeeth Qudsi states that Allah says: I only accept Salah from the believer who is humble in front of My Greatness,
and did not feel big on my creatures because his Salah,
and who does not insist on sinful acts,
and who passes his day in remembering Me,
and who has sympathy on the poor and wayfarer and widow,
and who has mercy on the sufferer.
His light then will be like the light of the sun.
I will look after him by My Honor,
and My angles will protect him,
and I will grant him light from the darkness ,
and peaceful mind from ignorance ,
and he will be amongst my servants in the high Paradise.