Battle of the Camel

The Battle of the Camel, sometimes called the Battle of Jamal, took place at Basra, Iraq on 7 November 656 (13 Jumada Al-Awwal 36 AH). The battle was fought between Ali ibn Abi Talib, who was the cousin and son-in-law of Prophet Muhammad (s) and A'isha, the wife of the Prophet (s), Talhah and Zubayr who led the war against Ali claiming that they want to take revenge on the killers of the third caliph 'Uthman who was recently killed as a result of rebellion.

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Rebecca Masterton, Dr Rebecca Masterton graduated with a BA in Japanese Language and Literature; an MA in Comparative East Asian and African Literature and a PhD in Islamic literature of West Africa. She has been... Answered 3 years ago

I can recommend reading about it in Wilferd Madelung's The Succession to Muhammad [s]. This gives a brilliant breakdown of the mechanics of what happened and the motives of various personalities who brought it about.

The Battle of the Camel (Jamal) was the first civil war within the Islamic community. It took place after Imam 'Ali b. Abi Talib was given bay'a - the oath of allegiance - to be the caliph of the Muslims after the murder of 'Uthman b. 'Affan.

'Aisha, one of the wives of the Prophet Muhammad (s), joined two of his prominent Companions Talha b. 'Ubaydullah and Zubayr b. al-'Awwam, who all together came into battle with their supporters against 'Ali and his supporters. One of 'Ali's supporters was Muhammad b. Abi Bakr, who was none other than the brother of 'Aisha and a son of Abu Bakr b. Abi Quhafa who had taken the position of caliphate after the demise of the Prophet (s) in a maneuver that can only be described as a coup against 'Ali.

A large number of Muslims were killed but finally 'Ali and his supporters prevailed. They showed exemplary courtesy towards 'Aisha, and 'Ali asked her own brother to escort her back to Medina.

That was a defining moment for the Islamic community and its reverberations are felt to this day in how early Islamic history is narrated and interpreted.

You can read more about it here - https://www.al-islam.org/caliphate-imamate-ahmad-namaee/rebellion-agains...