al-Qalam (Arabic: القلم, “The Pen”) is the sixty-eighth chapter (sūrah) of the Qur'an with 52 verses (āyāt). The Surat describes Allah's justice and the judgment day. Three important themes of this Surah are response to the opponents objections, warning and admonition to the disbelievers, and exhortation of patience to the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Thank you for your question. The verses can be rendered in English as follows:
“...hinderer of good, a transgressing sinner, churlish, surly, and ignoble withal - simply because he possesses wealth and children.”
This set of verses is a continuation of a vivid description of the traits of the enemies of the Prophet (saw) and are set beside the first set of verses in this chapter that extoll the great character of the Prophet (saw). They are people who not only don’t perform good but prevent others from doing so. They are so soiled with sin that sin has become part of their nature. They are churlish, meaning that they are ill natured and mean spirited and on top of that they have no apparent origin (meaning they have no clear father).
The following verse is a warning why it may be that these people have such traits. These verses show that the Prophet (saw) never submitted to people of this nature just because of their wealth and affluence, but rather spread the true message of Islam, whether these people were amiable to it or not.
For some insights into the rest if the chapter please refer to: Exegesis of the Qurʾān; sūratul Mulk to sūratul Mursalāt, translated by Saleem Bhimji and edited by Arifa Hudda (Ontario: Islamic Humanitarian Service & Islamic Publishing House, 2012). The chapter of al-Qalam is the second chapter discussed in this book.
May you always be successful.
They were people who thought that they can get the fruits of their garden with out giving its dues to the poor and decided to pluck the fruits next morning with out saying : If Allah wills.
Allah sent fire which burn the garden while they were asleep. They lost every things as a result of their bad deeds.
Thank you for your question. It has been narrated that the 9th verse of surah 67 is revealed concerning an attempt by the polytheists of Mecca to invite the Prophet (saw) to follow the way of their forefathers after they saw the early success of his prophetic mission. They hoped that he may compromise and that they then may also compromise and reach an agreement and so they offered him money and other worldly gifts. The translation of the verse is:
"They wish that you might compromise and that they might compromise"
The verb d - h - n used in the verse, in this situation means manifesting softness, but it also implies manifesting softness in a negative sense, like hypocrisy.
May you always be successful