Sadaqah or Sadaka (Arabic: صدقة, "charity", "benevolence", plural ṣadaqāt صدقات) in the modern context has come to signify "voluntary charity". According to the Quran, the word means voluntary offering, whose amount is at the will of the "benefactor".
Qamar dar Aqrab refers to the moon being in the zodiacal sign of Scorpio which happens 2-3 days per month (in that the moon circulates through all the zodiacal signs in one lunar month) and can be determined via astronomical software or eyeballs.
Historically, in a number of cultures, this has been considered an unfavourable time, which is probably why it appears in our heritage. There are some narrations on not marrying or starting a journey at this time, but they are not considered strong.
Some people choose to avoid scheduling marriages at this time, and that is fine. It is also fine not to pay attention to it at all. People vary in their belief in these things.
However, it is good not to get too caught up in these things, e.g. if someone gets married at this time, it doesn't mean that it will be a disaster. Sometimes if we feel that something has a bad "omen", it becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy because then we subconsciously do things to make it go badly, and that isn't healthy at all!
If something happens by accident (for instance, conception), there is no need to worry. Allah knows best what He creates and when, and He has his wisdom for it, especially when it comes to bringing life into this world, which is in His hands.
Of course, it doesn't hurt to give sadaqa a few times if you are concerned, but it isn't necessary. Don't overburden yourself with it by making it a requirement!
Sadaqa is always very good but it will never clear your responsibility to make up ( Qadha) of any missed obligatory Salah. Missed SALAH must be performed as Qadha by you. Even after death, it must be performed on your behalf as Qadha.
You can donate for any good cause to help needy people.
Sadaqa should go to poor people who really need it to feed their children or meet their necessary expenses. If you don’t have poor people in your area, you should send it to the poor people in other areas.
Sadaqa can be given to your needy relatives except those whose financial responsibility is on you like your parents, your wife, and our children.
It is highly recommended to give Sadaqa every day and it is better to give Sadaqa every morning and every evening. You can collect the amount and give it to the needy or to trusted persons who make it reach to the needy as soon as possible.
It is highly recommended to help any living being in need even animals. Helping non Muslims who are in need is very good keeping in mind the right of our own needy brothers and sisters in faith and our responsibility towards them. We should not neglect helping our own brothers and sisters in need before helping others as it said ( Charity starts at home).
We also need to avoid helping those non Muslims who use the money not in food or medicine of cloth but in alcohol or drugs etc.
It is highly recommended to perform Nafila or Nawafil prayers. There is Nafila for every obligatory daily prayer. Nafila of Morning prayer is two Rak'ats before the obligatory prayer. Nafila of Dhuhr is eight Rak'ats (2 + 2 + 2 +2) before the obligatory prayer. Nafila of Assr is also eight Rak'ats before the obligatory prayer same like Nafila of Dhuhr.
Nafila of Maghrib is two then two Rak'ats after the obligatory prayer.
Nafila of Isha is two Rak'ats in sitting position or one Rak'at in standing position, after performing the Isha prayer.
Night Prayer (Namaz e Shab or Salat Al-Layl) is highly recommended every night which is either 11 Rak'ats ( the complete form) or two Rak'ats of Shaf' then one Rak'at of Witr which is the short form, or at least one Rak'at of Witr which the shortest form.
We can anytime pray any two Rak'ats of recommended prayer for thanking Allah or for seeking forgiveness or just for the sake of Allah.
If your employer has allowed you to keep the tips, you are allowed then to keep it. It is not a Sadaqa.
If your intention was for a general charity, then you can give to to any charitable work including building Madrasah or Imambarah. But if your intention was a Sadaqa for poor people, then you need to give it to the poor people only as you had in your intention.
Yes it is true. Giving charity will never decrease your wealth, rather will cause more Barakah and brings more wealth. More charity you give for the sake of Allah, more wealth you will get from Allah. We have many Hadeeths in this regard.
There is no point in leaving it in the account because it will utilised by the non Muslim bank with no benefit to you or to any poor person. Utlizing interest from non Muslim is allowed according to verdicts of leading scholars ( Maraaje' of Taqleed). You can utilize the money or give it to the poor and you don't need to tell them that it is from bank interest money.
Thank you for your question. The verse 5:55 is translated literally as the hadith literature identifies this verse with a specific event in which Imam Ali (as) gave charity to a beggar whilst in the state of ruku.
May you always be successful