Thank you for your question. If we assume the facts of the question as true, the question presupposes that volume equals importance. If the 2% difference gives rise to very distinct and important differences then monkeys and humans are not the same, as is clear from the difference in the way monkeys and humans live in this world. Another assumption is that all that is involved in being human is contained in DNA, and not just a human's physical aspects, which is something that is not established.
May you always be successful
It depends on what you mean by 'judge'. If it were impermissible to judge others, there would be no judiciary, and no criminals would be brought to court and justice would not be done for victims of crimes. There is a fine line between being bigoted or prejudiced, and using what insight Allah (swt) has blessed you with to assess people. There are many ahadith about the necessity for choosing your spouse carefully or choosing your friends carefully. This requires a judgement of someone's personality. If we did not judge at all, then people could have criminals for friends and non-believers for spouses. Children would be raised with no moral compass and would be allowed to do whatever they wanted because the parents would feel they were judging them if they tried to establish boundaries for them. When seeking knowledge, a person would not 'judge' between good teachers and bad teachers, and would simply go to anybody to try to study. If by 'judge' you mean 'condemn someone without evidence', then that is not permissible; or even if someone is a criminal, maybe we should not look down on them and think we are superior to them, because we don't know what their circumstances were in life that led them to commit crimes. Nevertheless, they must still pay for their crimes. However, some people are deliberately malicious and have evil intentions towards others. If others forgive their evil actions and evil intentions because they think they are 'judging' them, then this allows corruption to prevail.
We do not know about others but very little. We don't know their intentions and what they think. Our judgement is based on incomplete knowledge, that is why it is inaccurate.
We judge what we see obviously with out doubt, whether good or bad. We can't judge people according to what we hear about them.
Thank you for your question. The scriptural sources are clear in the fact that God cannot be known in His entirety with the faculties that humans possess. This is because a being limited to time and space cannot expect to understand a Being who is unlimited in every way. The system of creation is perfect in the sense that there is no imperfection in the way it functions and that indicates towards the Attributes of God, but those Attributes are only comprehended to the extent of our ability. The further one is able to explore the creation the better they will comprehend the Attributes from that perspective. The level of that investigation depends also on the epistemological tools that they are using. There is no way to fully understand the mind of God, especially through a process of induction from His creation.
May you always be successful
Thank you for your question. God didn't take the concent of His creation before creating it. Perhaps you are referring to His pact with humans when they responded positively to Him being their Lord? If that is the case then this is one of the specifics found in the Quran and once the Quran has been established as being the book of guidance from God then there is no need to prove each and every specific. Further, this issue can be interpreted as the natural disposition of the human to seek God. If the atheist is not willing to accept that they have that disposition, that doesn't matter as this position is a theological one and so there is no need to convince an atheist as long as the issue is consistent within the theological framework.
As for the second question, God created mankind out of His Mercy and that included the creation of vicegerents on the earth. The necessity of trial is due to the nature of reward which is given for praiseworthy action. There is no praiseworthy action if it hasn't really taken place or if it is forced. Therefore a human has to be free to act and this is the meaning of trial.
May you always be successful
Believers who committed sins will not be humiliated in the Day of Judgement,
The book of deeds of every one will be given to him to read what he has done. (Sura Al-Israa', Verse 13 and 14.)
There are certain sinners who will be degraded in front of People in that day, especially those who were arrogant and committed crimes against innocents.
Allah is Al-Sattar, who does not disclose the sins of the sinners, but only those enemies of the Proohet (SAWA) and Ahlul Bayt ( AS).
as salam alaikum
the holy Qur'an is the final word of Allah and all Muslims believe in it. Therein Allah says: "I have not created the jinn and the men except to serve Me" (51:56).
Serving Allah is therefore the purpose of mankind as Allah says in his Book which both Sunnis and Shi'as believe in.
With prayers for your success.
Based on the common tradition narrated from Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (a.s.), when asked about the meaning of Surah Qaaf, verse, 15, he (a.s.) replied that there were Adams before and there will be Adams after. However, we do not have any further information beyond this. Nothing has been said in description of them.
The Almighty says in the Holy Quran:
وَيَخْلُقُ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُونَ
"And He creates what you do not know." (Surah al-Nahl, verse 8).
And Allah knows best.