Wudu (Ablution)

Wuḍūʾ (Arabic: الوضوء‎ al-wuḍūʼ) is the Islamic procedure for wiping parts of the body, a type of ritual purification, or ablution.

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Seyed Ali Shobayri, Seyed Ali Shobayri is of mixed Iranian and Scottish descent who found the path of the Ahlul Bayt (a) by his own research. He holds a BA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University through the... Answered 2 days ago

Bismillah, 

Asalamu Alaykom, 

Here are some following rulings which may help you: 
 

An individual who suffers from incontinence and cannot control himself, if it is not difficult for him to perform wodu’ every time, he should have a vessel of water next to him so that every time urine or stool is discharged from him, he immediately performs wodu ’ and continue with his salah. If it was too difficult for him to perform wodu’ every time, then he should perform one wodu’ for every salah.

Case: An individual who suffers from Incontinence must perform wodu’ for every salah, and engage in the salah immediately. However, it is not mandatory for him to perform wodu’ in order to perform a forgotten sajdah, or a forgotten tashahhud, or the Ihtiyat} salah that must be performed immediately after the salah – provided it is performed immediately after the salah and without delay.

Case: An individual who suffers from incontinence such that urine is discharged from him continually must [take the necessary measures to] prevent the urine from reaching other parts of his body while performing the salah by, say, using a cotton-filled bag. As per obligatory precaution, the bag and the urine outlet should be rendered tahhir before every salah, if this does not constitute [undue] discomfort. Similarly, he who cannot control his bowels must [take the necessary measure to] prevent his faeces from reaching other parts during salah, if it were possible, and as per obligatory precaution, he should render his anus tahir for every salah if this does not constitute discomfort for him.

Case: An individual who suffers from a condition that renders him unable to control emitting wind, should act according to the duties of one who suffers from incontinence.

Case: It is not obligatory for the individual who has recovered from one’s incontinence condition to offer qada>’ (in lieu of) prayers for those salah he had performed during his illness, if he had performed those prayers according to his duties outlined.

May Allah grant you success 

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Seyed Ali Shobayri, Seyed Ali Shobayri is of mixed Iranian and Scottish descent who found the path of the Ahlul Bayt (a) by his own research. He holds a BA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University through the... Answered 1 month ago

Bismillah, 

Asalamu Alaykom, 

After a man engages in intercourse with his wife, he'll be in a state of spiritual impurity. So in order for him to be in a state of purity again, he just needs to perform the ghusl al Janaba and this will also give make him in the state wudu as well, so no need to do wudu. 
 

If however during the ghusl or after he would do an action which would break wudu, then he would have to repeat the wudu again and not the ghusl. 
 

May Allah grant you success 

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 2 months ago

The main issue of difference between Shia Muslims and Sunni Muslims in Wudhu is the matter of wiping over the feet or washing them. Authentic evidence in Quran and Hadeeth is very clear that the Prophet (SAWA) was wiping over his feet in Wudhu. All Ahlul Bayt (AS) and pious companions (Sahabah) and Tabi'een did the same. These are some authentic Hadeeths in this regard:

1. In Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Musnad al-Asharah, Musnad Uthman, Hadeeth number 456: Uthman ibn Affan performed Wudhu by taking water in his mouth then inside his nose, then washed his face and his two arms and wiped over his head and his feet. He said then: I saw the Messenger of Allah (SAWA) performing Wudhu like this. He asked number of companions who were present: O people, is it not? They replied him: Yes.

2. In Sunan ibn Maajah, Hadeeth 453 and in Saheeh al-Targheeb WAL-Tarheeb by Al-Albani, page 208: The confirmed authentic Hadeeth (Saheeh) from Rifaa'ah ibn Raafi' saying: I heard the Prophet (SAWA) saying:  No Salah is perfect from any one until he performs Wudhu as Allah has ordered: Washing his face and hands from the elbow and wiping on his head and both feet.

3. In Mussannaf ibn Abi Shaibah (who was a teacher of Bukhari), Kitab al-Tahaaraat, Hadeeth 55: Uthman ibn Affan said: I saw the Messenger of Allah performing Wudhu by taking water in his mouth and nose then washing his face and his both hands and wiping over his head and upper part of his feet.

4. In al-Mu'jam al-Kabber by Tabarani, Hadeeth 3337: Abu Malik al-Ash'ari told his people: Come together so that I pray in front of you the Salah of the Mesenger of Allah (SAWA). They gathered and witnessed him performing Wudhu by washing his mouth and nose and washing his face and his both arms and wiping over his head and his feet, then he led them in Salah of al-Dhuhr.

5. In Saheeh al-Bukhari, Hadeeth 5352: The Prophet (SAWA) performed Wudhu by washing his mouth and nose and washing his face and hands and wiping over his head and feet.

6. In Sunan Ibn Maajah , part of Al-Taharah, Hadeeth 451: Ibn Abbas said: People (ignorant masses) are washing their feet in Wudhu, but I find nothing in Quran but wiping over the feet.

7. In Mussannaf Ibn Abi Shaibah, volume 1, page 30,  narrating from Ali Ibn Abi Talib : I saw the Mesenger of Allah (SAWA) wiping over his feet (in Wudhu).

8. Mussannaf Abdul Razzaq, Hadeeth 53 on Wudhu, narrating from al-Shi'bi : Jabrael came down from Allah with the order of wiping over the feet.

9. In Tafseer al-Tabari , V. 6, P. 175: Ibn Abbas said: Wudhu is two washings ( face and arms) and two wiping (over head and feet). الوضوء غسلتان ومسحتان.

10. In Tafseer al-Tabari , Hadeeth 10433: Narrating from  Abi Hamza al-Hajjaj (the well known tyrant) was ordering people wash their feet in Wudhu but Anas ( the companion) said: Allah is the truthful and Al-Hajjaj is a liar, and he recited the Verse: and wipe over your head and feet.

These are just few Hadeeths to prove that the Prophet (SAWA) was always wiping on his feet in Wudhu.

Many books were written in this subject by different authors who tried to justify their own sect but among the authentic ones is the well known book named Wudhu al-Nabi وضوء النبي by Sayyed Ali al-Shahristani.

Wassalam.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 2 months ago

The place of Mas-h مسح in Wudhu must be dry before wiping over it. Your other hand is making it wet before wiping which is wrong. 
Wassalam.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 3 months ago

It is not necessary for water to reach the skin of the head while Masah. Wiping over the hair if that area of the head is enough.

Wassalam.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 3 months ago

Yes it is permissible to recite Du'a and mention the name of Allah everywhere. We have a Hadeeth stating that Prophet Musa asked Allah: Can I mention your name when I am in a place where I feel ashamed to do so? Allah replied: O Musa, mention my name everywhere.

It is recommend to recite Sura Al-Qadr during performing Wudhu where ever you perform Wudhu.

 Wassalam.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 3 months ago

Neither washing nose is obligatory in Wudhu nor washing mouth. Both of them are just recommended and not obligatory. Washing head or feet in Wudhu is wrong because you should wipe over them and not wash them.

If you are sure that your Wudhu was invalid, you need to perform it properly and re do the prayers which were done with wrong Wudhu.

Wassalam.

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Zaid Alsalami, Shaykh Dr Zaid Alsalami is an Iraqi born scholar, raised in Australia. He obtained a BA from Al-Mustafa University, Qom, and an MA from the Islamic College in London. He also obtained a PhD from... Answered 5 months ago

Bismihi ta'ala

As you would know, tayamumm is only done when one has no access to any water or using of water is harmful, like a sickness or extremely cold weather.

In any other case, especially if water is accessible, the mukallaf must do wudhu.

And Allah knows best.  

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Zaid Alsalami, Shaykh Dr Zaid Alsalami is an Iraqi born scholar, raised in Australia. He obtained a BA from Al-Mustafa University, Qom, and an MA from the Islamic College in London. He also obtained a PhD from... Answered 5 months ago

Bismihi ta'ala

Touching something will not break one's wudhu`, unless it is the touching of a dead human body after it gets cold, and before it is washed. 

For anything else, najis or not, just touching it will not break wudhu`. Of course, if it is wet, and your hand gets contaminated with najasah, all you need to do is wash it. 

As for touching something dirty, the same thing, and no, from a shar'i perspective it is not necessary to 'wash' your hands if it is just dirty and not najis. 

And Allah knows best.

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Zaid Alsalami, Shaykh Dr Zaid Alsalami is an Iraqi born scholar, raised in Australia. He obtained a BA from Al-Mustafa University, Qom, and an MA from the Islamic College in London. He also obtained a PhD from... Answered 5 months ago

Bismihi ta'ala

You will not be able to do both wudhu' and ghusl simultaneously and at once. 

So, you can either do wudhu' before ghusl, or after ghusl. 

When you wipe your head during wudhu', you can use four fingers, or three fingers. Both cases are fine.

And Allah knows best.

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Bismillah, 

Asalamu Alaykom, 

Merely touching one's private parts doesn't break Wudu for Shia Muslims; it would however break one's wudu for those who refer to themselves as Ahlus Sunnah. Yes, if one masturbated causing ejaculation this would break the wudu and one would require ghusl al janabah. 

May Allah grant you success 

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 7 months ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. It is not considered tahir, but if the amount is less then the tip of the thumb to the first crease on your thumb, then it is alright to pray with that amount of blood as long as it has not come into contact with water. For the specific amount of blood there may be differences in opinion and so please also refer to the book of Islamic laws of your Marja.

May you always be successful