Tashahhud

The Tashahhud (Arabic: تَشَهُّد‎), meaning the testimony of faith, is the portion of the Muslim prayer where the precant sits on the ground facing the qibla, glorifies God, and greets the messenger and the righteous people of God followed by the two testimonials. The recitation is followed by an invocation of the blessings and peace upon the prophet known as Salawat or Darood.

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Amina Inloes, Amina Inloes is originally from the US and has a PhD in Islamic Studies from the University of Exeter on Shi'a hadith. She is the program leader for the MA Islamic Studies program at the... Answered 3 years ago

No.

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Abbas Di Palma, Shaykh Abbas Di Palma holds a BA and an MA degree in Islamic Studies, and certifications from the Language Institute of Damascus University. He has also studied traditional Islamic sciences in... Answer updated 3 years ago

as salam alaikum

the divine commands for 'ibadaat are "tawqifiyyah" meaning it is not permissible to add anything on them that has not been clearly prescribed by Allah Almighty. Since al-Shahadah al-Thalithah during salat has not been transmitted through authentic or widely transmitted reports, and actually the authentic reports prove otherwise, it cannot be considered neither "wajib" nor "sunnah" or "mustahab".

With prayers for your success.

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Abbas Di Palma, Shaykh Abbas Di Palma holds a BA and an MA degree in Islamic Studies, and certifications from the Language Institute of Damascus University. He has also studied traditional Islamic sciences in... Answer updated 3 years ago

as salam alaikum

the phrase "Aliyyun waliyullah" can be explained in the light the following Qur'anic verse: "Behold! The awliya' of Allah neither fear shall overwhelm them, nor shall they remain in grief" (10:62).   A faithful person who have sincerely studied the life of Ali, peace be upon him, will find no problem to count him among the most outstanding examples of those awliya' mentioned in the ayah.

The above-mentioned sentence however is not a part of the tashahhud that can be said during prayers and we don't have any authentic chain of transmission to validate such claim. The salat is an act of worship and we should not add any wording to Islamic worship that has not been prescribed by the Almighty. The believer should be satisfied with what Allah has given him and avoid to exceed His boundaries. 

Furthermore, among the acts which invalidates the salat is to speak while praying, unless we are pronouncing Qur'anic verses or specific du'as (like in the case of qunut). The phrase is not as such, rather it is a testimony (which many Shia Muslims  add verbally to their shahadah) and an acknowledgement of faith: therefore it is considered "additional talk".

It is necessary in this regard to stick to what has been transmitted to us via mutawatir chains of transmission or, at least, through authenticated reports.

With prayers for your success.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 3 years ago

1. The phrase : Ashhadu Anna Aliyyan Ameerul Mo’mineen, Ashhadu Anna Aliyyan  Waliyyullah, were declared in Athan ( Azan) أذان during the time of the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) immediately after the declaration of Ghadeer Khum in which the Prophet ( SAWA) said in front of tens of thousands of the companions ( For whomsoever I am the master, Ali is his master). This has been narrated in many Sunni books e.g. Al-Salaafah fi Akhbaar al-Khilaafah , page 36.

In Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal;) Fadha’il al-Sahabah) that the Prophet saw this statement written on the gates of Paradise : Laa Ilaha illallah, Muhammad Rasoolullah, Aliyyun Akho Rasoolillah), when he was taken in  Mi’raaj. مسند احمد بن حنبل

2. Tashahhud has obligatory parts and recommended parts. The obligatory is called Tawqeefi, which is said by the Prophet and his Progeny, Ahlul Bayt. No one is allowed on the obligatory parts of Tashahhud. Recommended parts like Salawaat and Du’a.

3. It is not allowed ( according to most of our Maraaji’ of Taqleed) to add any thing on the obligatory Tashahhud.

4. It is allowed  to say: ALLAHUMMA SALLI ALA AMEERIL MO’MINEEN. It is a Du’a and not part of obligatory Tashahhud.

Wassalam.

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Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi, Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to... Answered 3 years ago

Tashahhud is an obligatory part of Prayers we are been ordered to perform Prayers exactly as the Prophet (SAWA) performed صلوا كما رأيتموني أصلي

We are not allowed to add on obligatory Tashahhud any word.

Tashahhud contains mentioning Imam Ali (AS) and all the Infallible Ahlul Bayt (AS) in saying ALLAHUMMA SALLI ALA MUHAMMADIN WA AALI MUHAMMAD. 

It is allowed to recite any Du'a during any part of Prayer (Salah) so it is allowed to say ALLAHUMMA SALLI ALA ALIYYIN AMEERIL MO'MINEN or any supplication like that as Du'a which is not part of Tashahhud.

Our greatest scholars the Maraaje' of Taqleed have said that any deliberate adding to obligatory Tashahhud invalidated the Salah.

I advise you if you are still in doubt to seek the Fatwa of the Marje' of Taqleed.

Wassalam