Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answer updated 7 months ago


Thank you for your question. When a marja doesn't issue a ruling on an issue but at the same time thinks that there is enough evidence to indicate a course of action then they will indicate that lower level of certainty with either obligatory or recommended precaution.

So instead of saying something is obligatory (wajib) or forbidden (haram), which are both forms of ruling which indicate the sharia's position on an issue, the marja will use a ruling of precaution. If that precaution is necessary for his followers to take, the term used will be obligatory precaution.

For the followers of that marja they have to act in accordance with obligatory precaution or refer to the next knowledgeable marja that has a ruling on the issue.

Recommend precaution is not necessary to follow even if it is good to do so.

May you always be successful 

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