1. Prophet hood is a post of huge responsibility and has a very big burden.
The prophets are required to face the objections and evil deeds of the tyrants and all
their followers and the prophets need to argue and strive to convey the message of Allah and usually face torture and even many prophets were been killed. The prophets need to fight against the enemies of Allah SWT and lead wars to defend the
faith. This is one reason why it is not practical to send a female as a prophet
because it won’t be appropriate for a female to do such harsh,
difficult and hard responsibility.
2. It must be also mentioned that the prophet cannot be a female because
the female is usually under the control of her husband or father or
the men of her family while the prophet should be in control of all
the society and not under control of anyone.
3. Also the female cannot be prophet because females have
natural menstrual cycle during which they suffer from some symptoms
and also females usually have pregnancy and childbirth and have to
look after the infants and that all will have effect on her health and
mentality and this will not be appropriate with the responsibilities
of leading the whole community and the prophet hood.
4. The prophet is supposed to be the teacher of all people and it is not
appropriate for a female to be a teacher of all people because usually many
of the men do not accept to be students of a
female. It might be sometimes because of cultural reasons but it is an existing fact.
In the Holy Qur’an in Surah al-Anbiyah, Verse 7, Allah SWT said
: “We did not send before you but men to whom we have revealed”
(وما أرسلنا قبلك الا رجالا نوحي اليهم) Which is very clear that all those who were been sent by Allah as messengers are men.
We in Islam believe in the great pious ladies like the status of Lady Fatimah (SA) and Lady Maryam and the status of mother of Prophet Musa and the status of
mother Prophet Ishaaq as we read in the Holy Qur’an that Allah SWT has
sent the angels to speak to them, but angels speaking to a servant of
Allah SWT does not mean that this servant becomes a prophet.
Some Sunni Ulama like Abul Hassan al-Ash'ari and Ibn Hazm and
al-Qurtubi claimed that Lady Maryam and other ladies were prophets and
their claim was because of angels talking to some pious ladies. This
claim has been refuted by almost the vast majority of Sunni Ulama and
all the Shia Ulama as well.
The well known Sunni scholar al-Nawawi mentioned in his book al-Athkaar
from Imam al-Haramain that there is Ijmaa (concensus) among the Ulama that Maryam was not a prophet.
The greatness of Fatimah (AS) in fact is more than the status of all
the prophets except her father, which means that Islam has given the
highest status to Fatimah (AS) because she was entitled to that status
and because she is part of her father Muhammad (SAWA) who is the best
of all the human kind.
Those who claim that Islam does not give enough respect to the women
because in Islam there are no female prophets, should be asked: Do they
have in Torah or Bible any evidence that any female prophet was sent
by God to guide people?
Islam is the most practical and most realistic religion and that is
why it gives every responsibility to the appropriate person who can
handle it. Prophet hood is a responsibility which can never be handled by a woman no matter how pious she is.