Chapter 7: On the Quran
It has been narrated on the authority of Ali Ibn Musa al-Ridha (a.s.), "The Quran is a Divine Stronghold. It is God's Firm Grip and the ultimate Divine words which guide man to Paradise and save him from Hell. The Quran shall not get old with the passage of time. It will not lose its freshness by being reiterated. It will even get fresher since it has not been created for a special time. It is the greatest ultimatum to every man. No falsehood can infiltrate the Quran since it is a revelation from the Wise, the Praised."
In numerous narrations and Quranic verses, the Quran has been described as God's stronghold (Hablulah) as we read in the following noble Quranic verse,
"And hold fast, all together, by the rope which Allah (stretches out for you), and be not divided among yourselves..." The Holy Quran: Al-Imran 3:103.
Of course, some have stated that God's Stronghold here refers to monotheism, and others have stated that it refers to Prophethood. Some have stated that it refers to Divine Leadership (Imamate). However, it is more proper to say that it refers to all of these on the whole as God's Stronghold. Bearing witness to the oneness of God the Exalted, the Prophethood of Muhammad (S) and believing in and testifying to the Divine Leadership of the Commander of the Faithful Ali (a.s.) are all aspects of God's Stronghold. Each of the above are God's Stronghold in its own right.
This can also be concluded from the well-known narration about the Two Heavy things (the Thaqalyn) in which His Holiness the Noble Prophet (S) stated, "Indeed I shall entrust you with two precious things: the first of them being the book of God the Exalted which is the Stronghold suspended from the heavens down to the Earth. The second one is my Household (a.s.). Then let's see how you shall honor me by respecting them."1 The Quran has been referred to as God's Stronghold in this narration. The same reference to the Quran as God's Stronghold can be seen in the elegy of Badrih in the following context, "I told the Quran's reciter that the Quran is a book whch enlightens every reciter's eyes. Now that you have discovered the Divine Stronghold, hold onto it firmly and do not let go." Moreover, other poets have also referred to the Quran as God's Stronghold.
Thus both the Quran and the Commander of the Faithful Ali (a.s.) are God's Stronghold and man can come out of the dark well of lust and temptations by seeking refuge in them - i.e. the Quran and Ali (a.s.). He may trot on the Right Path until he attains Eternal Prosperity.
His Holiness Al-Ridha (a.s.) said, "The Quran is God's Stronghold or Firm Grip, and the excellent Divine words which guide man to Heaven and rescue him from Hell. The Quran does not become old with the passage of time and it does not become corrupt and worthless. On the contrary, it becomes newer because the Quran has been created for all eras. Moreover, it is the ultimate proof for every man in proving the Prophethood of the Seal of the Prophets Muhammad Ibn Abdullah (S)."
This means that the Quran is the permanent miracle of the Noble Prophet (S) with which we can answer all the eloquent opponents and the law-makers of the oppressive world. We can challenge them to bring firm laws like those in the Quran, and bring wise knowledge regarding monotheism, ethics and theology like that of the Quran. Since they will fail to do so, the Quran is not just for a given era and it will never get outdated. Then His Holiness Al-Ridha (a.s.) sought refuge in the following Quranic verse,
"No falsehood can approach it from before or behind it: It is sent down by One Full of Wisdom, Worthy of all Praise." The Holy Quran: Fussilat 41:42.
One may understand that the Quran has not been altered from the words of His Holiness Al-Ridha (a.s.) who said, "... Moreover, it is the ultimate proof for every man..." Of course, everyone accepts that nothing has ever been added to the Quran, and all the common and learned men agree that nothing has been added to Quran. The only thing left to discuss is whether anything has been omitted from the Quran or not.
A few of the Sunni and Shia scholars believe that some subjects have been left out of the Quran. However, both Sunni and Shiite researchers believe that the Quran has not been changed and nothing has been omitted from it. For example, the late Sayyid Murtazah (may God have Mercy upon him) says, "At the time of the Noble Prophet (S) the Quran was compiled with the same quality that it has now."
Shiekh Mufid has the same opinion being that the Quran has not been changed at all. Therefore, such esteemed scholars say that the Quran has not been altered. They hold the view that those narrations which refer to some words being removed from the Quran as referring to words which were only meant to interpret the Quran, not words that were an integral part of the Quran. For example, there is a narration in which it is stated that the following noble verse of the Chapter Mai'da was as follows:
"O Messenger. proclaim the (message) which hath been sent to thee from thy Lord (to Ali). If thou didst not, thou wouldst not have fulfilled and proclaimed His mission. And Allah will defend thee from men (who mean mischief). For Allah guideth not those who reject Faith.” The Holy Quran: Al-Ma’ida 5:67
The (to Ali) that appears in boldface is not part of the verse, but only there to interpret its meaning.
The blessed name of His Holiness Imam Ali (a.s.) is not found in the Quran. This is as God the Sublime deemed it better to be so. Although there is a reference to Ali (a.s.) in numerous Quranic verses, his name has not been explicitly stated anywhere since that might have been used by the enemies to alter the Quran.2
The only miraculous aspect of the Quran is not its eloquency, but also because of various other aspects such as news of the Unseen, the future affairs, theology, morals, religious precepts, etc. However, since at the time of revelation of the Quran, the issue of eloquency was of especial importance since all of the Arabs - men, women and children - were highly eloquent in speech. Yet, they were not able to produce anything similar to the Quran. This issue has been narrated in history as follows.
During the Hajj pilgrimage season when the people entered Mecca from all of Arabia, the Meccan idol-worshippers gathered around one of their chiefs called Valid ibn Muqayrih and said, "Now that the people are coming here from faraway and near places and hear the recitation of the Quran and the speeches delivered by Muhammad (S) they will become attracted to him (S) and the Quran due to its fluency and attractiveness and will believe in him. Thus, we must take serious measures to prevent this from happening.”Valid Ibn Muqaryih responded by saying, "You must dissuade the people from believing in Muhammad (S)." Some of them said, "We shall say that he is a Rabbi and the Quran are the words of the Rabbis." Valid answered, "We have been with Rabbis and know that the Quran is in no way similar to those words of Rabbis."
Some said, "Then we will say that Muhammad (S) is a magician.”Valid responded, "Well we have also heard the words of magicians, but we can never compare the Quran with magic.”Some others said, “We will say he is a poet.”Valid answered, “We have seen all kinds of poems, but the Quran cannot be compared with poetry.”Then they asked him, "So what should we say?”Valid thought for a little while and said, “It is better for us to tell the people who go to see the Prophet (S) and hear his words that they are magic.”
They did exactly that and went to the people who came to see the Prophet (S) and told them, “The Prophet (S) has brought words with which he practices magic and separates mothers from fathers, and wives from their husbands using these words." That was how they dispersed the people from around the Prophet (S). Then the following noble verses were revealed about Valid Ibn Muqayrih,
"For he thought and he plotted; And woe to him! How he plotted! Yea, Woe to him; How he plotted! Then he looked round;Then he frowned and he scowled; Then he turned back and was haughty; Then stated he: 'This is nothing but magic, derived from of old; This is nothing but the word of a mortal!' Soon will I cast him into Hell-Fire!" The Holy Quran: Al-Muddaththir 74:18-26.
This implies that these people have proved to be unable to do anything against the Qur’an, even though they were the best in eloquency of speech. Not only were the Arab elders like this, but their children were also the best in eloquency of speech. A real story has been written in this respect on the authority of Asma’ who stated, "I saw a five or six year old child who was very eloquent in speech. I told him, 'You are very eloquent in speech.' He replied, 'You call me eloquent while you have the Quran which includes many Quranic verses which are the best in eloquency of speech such as the following verse,
"So We sent this inspiration to the mother of Moses: 'Suckle (thy child), but when thou hast fears about him, cast him into the river, but fear not nor grieve: for We shall restore him to thee, and We shall make him one of Our apostles."' The Holy Quran: Al-Qasas 28:7.
This verse includes two orders, two admonishments, two glad tidings and two pieces of news. The two orders are "suckle" (An Arzeihe) and "cast him" (Faalqehe). The two admonishments are "fear not" (La Takhafi) and "nor grieve" (La tahzani). The two glad tidings are “We shall restore him to you" (Inna Raddooho Ilayka) and “We shall make him one of Our apostles" (Jaelho menal morsalin) which are also the two pieces of news.'"
Of course, we cannot thoroughly comprehend the miracles of the Quran since we only see the words and cannot understand their inner meaning. Therefore, we are not able to discover the Quran’s true miracles.
Is the Quran’s fluency meant only for the Arabs? Can this fluency be utilized by other nations? Fluency is not the only miraculous aspect of the Quran. There are also other miraculous aspects of the Quran. Some people claim that since the Quran is in Arabic, it is only binding on the Arabs since only the Arabs know Arabic. They can be told that there are many non-Muslims in Arab countries who are fluent in Arabic.
Moreover, there are many non-Muslims in other countries who are experts in Arabic. For example, we can name Gorgy Zeydan who has written the history of Islam in Arabic, and the author of the book Al-Monjed and the authors of manyother similar books who are non-Muslims.
It is also worth mentioning that many authors who composed books against Islam were fluent in Arabic. Therefore, the Quran’s miraculous aspect is not just for the Arabs, and non-Arabs are also aware of it. For example, a foreigner called Padori wrote a book against Islam during the era of the late Mirza Qummi. Then some of the scholars wrote books in response to that book and refuted his claims! In the book that Padori wrote to discredit Islam he stated, "We accept that the Quran is extremely fluent.
However, even with its high degree of fluency it has not reached the state of being miraculous.”Therefore, we can realize from this statement that even though Padori who was not an Arab denied the Quran as being miraculous, he acknowledged it being highly fluent.
Or there is the case of Dr. Shibly Shumayyil who was a materialist scientist and did not believe in religion. He wrote a letter to an Egyptian scholar named Rashid Ridha. In his letter he mentioned the following, "You honor Muhammad (S) and think that His Holiness Muhammad (S) is very important since you believe in his Prophethood. However, I honor him and regard him to be much greater than what you think him to be even though I do not consider him to be a Prophet." After that, he mentions some poems in the letter which deliver the following meaning, "Although I do not believe in the Prophet’s religion, how can I disbelieve his strong Quranic verses. How can I deny his religious laws and precepts, whereas if the people of the world had acted according to these religious principles, they would not have spoiled this beautiful world with their ugly deeds. He is a wise politician and a clever man who was victorious in all the battles3. He has dominated over all the people’s intellects by means of the Quran’s eloquency. And his sword split open the parts of the enemies’ hair. There exists no one like him in the world. From the past and in the present and the future, all of the world’s heroes and brave men are less than him."
Thus, none of the opponents of the Quran can deny its fluency, no matter who they are or where they are. However, they deny its miraculousness since they oppose it.
Amongst the various miracles of the Quran is the Quran’s foretelling of future events. One instance of such foretelling of future events in the Quran is that of Rome's victory over Iran.
A war broke out at the time of the Persian King Khusrow Parviz between him and the Caesar of Rome. The Persian army defeated the Roman army. When this news reached Mecca, the Arab idolators stated that the Persians who were not People of the Book4 defeated the Romans who were People of the Book5. Thus, they argued that they could also defeat the Prophet Muhammad (S). The Prophet's companions were distressed due to this, but the following verses were revealed by God the Exalted to end this argument:
"A. L. M. The Roman Empire has been defeated- In a land close by; but they, (even) after (this) defeat of theirs, will soon be victorious- Within a few years. With Allah is the Decision, in the past and in the Future: on that Day shall the Believers rejoice - With the help of Allah. He helps whom He wills, and He is Exalted in Might, Most Merciful." The Holy Quran: Ar-Rum 30:1-5.
There are two instances of foretelling future events in this verse which happened as foretold.
1- Another war broke out between Iran and Rome. However, the Roman army defeated the Persian army in this war.
2- When the news of the victory of the Romans over the Persians reached the Muslims, the Muslims had already defeated the unbelievers in the Battle of Badr and had killed seventy of the unbelievers.
Therefore, both of the above events which were foretold by the Quran happened. However, the unbelievers stated that these were simply predictions of future events and not foretelling them. They claimed that such predictions may or may not have happened in the future.
Another instance of foretelling future events is that of the conquest of Mecca. The Quran foretold the conquest of Mecca by His Holiness the Messenger Muhammad (S) and his companions at the time they had been thrown out of Mecca and fled to Medina. The Prophet (S) was upset but the following Holy Quranic verse was revealed,
"Verily He Who ordained the Qur'an for thee, will bring thee back to the Place of Return..." The Holy Quran: Al-Qasas 28:85.
This foretold event happened exactly as it was foretold in the above verse and the Noble Prophet Muhammad (S) returned to Mecca with one-hundred thousand people. Mecca was conquered without any fighting and bloodshed. The Noble Quran also foretold the conquest of Mecca in the following verse:
"Truly did Allah fulfil the vision for His Messenger. ye shall enter the Sacred Mosque, if Allah wills, with minds secure, heads shaved, hair cut short, and without fear. For He knew what ye knew not, and He granted, besides this, a speedy victory." The Holy Quran: Al-Fath 48:27.
Another instance of foretelling relates to the case of Abu Lahab. Early after the appointment of Muhammad (S) to the position of Prophethood, the Quran revealed the following verse about Abu Lahab which clearly states that he is an atheist and will go to Hell,
"Perish the hands of the Father of Flame! Perish he! No profit to him from all his wealth, and all his gains!" The Holy Quran: Al-Masad 111:1-2.
Now consider what would have happened if Abu Lahab had lived long enough to bear witness that “There is no God but Allah”and to become a Muslim, just the way Abu Sufyan became a Muslim after a lot of animosity with the Prophet (S) and fighting seventy battles with the Prophet (S). The Prophet (S) accepted Abu Sufyan's submission to God. Had Abu Lahab done a similar thing, what would have been the case with the two above verses? That is why these words are the words of God by which God made man understand that Abu Lahab was not like others and would die as an atheist.
Or consider the case of two of the wives of the Prophet (S) about whom God brings the similitude of the wives of Noah and Lut and unveils their acts of treason to the Prophet (S). We can see that they too confessed to their acts of treason,
"Allah sets forth, for an example to the Unbelievers, the wife of Noah and the wife of Lut: they were (respectively) under two of our righteous servants, but they were false to their (husbands), and they profited nothing before Allah on their account, but were told: "Enter ye the Fire along with (others) that enter!" The Holy Quran: At-Tahrem 66:10.
Or you can see that the Quran unveils the news about the conditions of the hypocrites as to what they stated and what they did. Or consider the foretelling of the Quran about the way the Abbasids would rule as we read in the following verse,
"Then, is it to be expected of you, if ye were put in authority, that ye will do mischief in the land, and break your ties of kith and kin?" The Holy Quran: Muhammad 47:22.
Or consider the following verse which informs us about the attributes of the Commander of the Faithful (a.s.) and the way he fought for the sake of God,
'O ye who believe! if any from among you turn back from his faith, soon will Allah produce a people whom He will love as they will love Him, lowly with the believers, mighty against the rejecters, fighting in the way of Allah, and never afraid of the reproaches of such as find fault. That is the grace of Allah, which He will bestow on whom He pleaseth. And Allah encompasseth all, and He knoweth all things.' The Holy Quran: Al-Ma’idah 5:54.
There are also some other traditions narrated upon the authority of the Immaculate Imams which state that the above verse concerns Imam al-Mahdi (a.s.), the Commander of the Faithful Ali (a.s.) and their companions. We read the following in regard to this in the book Tafsir Al- Mizan, "This is one of the verses which is not only about the Commander of the Faithful (a.s.) but also about the Imam of the Time Al-Mahdi (May God the Sublime expedite his arrival))."
Of course, there are many such verses in the Quran which bring news of the Unseen. Another miraculous aspect of the Quran is the detailed accounts which the Prophet (S) brought regarding previous nations and past Prophets. Considering the fact that the Prophet Muhammad (S) was illiterate and could neither read nor write shows that what he (a.s.) brought was rooted in his Prophetic knowledge.The Quran says the following in this regard,
'And thou wast not (able) to recite a Book before this (Book came), nor art thou (able) to transcribe it with thy right hand: In that case, indeed, would the talkers of vanities have doubted.' The Holy Quran: Al-'Ankabut 29:48.
The Prophet (S) did not meet Christians or Jews in Mecca. Therefore, the detailed accounts of the previous nations and past Prophets were clear indications that they had been rooted in something other than human knowledge. Should you compare the detailed accounts in the Quran with those of the Torah and the Gospel, you will see that many sins are ascribed to the Prophets in the other two books and God the Sublime has been represented as being weak and having a body. For example, you may refer to the account of Moses wrestling with God in the Torah.
Of course, there are also many other miraculous aspects of the Quran. One such aspect is the Quran's influence on the people as the religious scholars say. This and many other miraculous aspects of the Quran are beyond the scope of this discourse.
In this section we will point out the miraculous aspects of the Quran in terms of eloquency and clearness as expressed in the words of Imam Al- Ridha (a.s.). Ibn Sakkit6 went to see His Holiness Imam Ridha (a.s.) and asked, "What are the reasons behind the following forms of miracles?
1-His Holiness the Prophet Moses (a.s.) turned his cane into a snake.
2-His Holiness Moses (a.s.) put his hand in his shirt and when he pulled it out it was white.
3-His Holiness the Prophet Jesus (a.s.) revived the dead and cured people who were born blind.
4-The miracle of His Holiness the Prophet Muhammad (S) is the Quran.
His Holiness Imam Ridha (a.s.) replied, “Since the art which was popular at the time of His Holiness Moses (a.s.) was magic and the magicians of the time were very important individuals, the miracles of the Prophet Moses (a.s.) were like magic, being the turning of his cane into a snake and his hand becoming white, and other miracles like these. Therefore, when the magicians at the time of Moses (a.s.) witnessed the cane being turned into a snake, they realized that this act was not related to magic but rather it was superior to magic. During the time of His Holiness Jesus (a.s.) the medical sciences were popular and expert doctors lived at that time, and the greatest miracles of Jesus (a.s.) were reviving the dead and curing the blind, so that they realized that these acts were superior to the profession of doctors and the medical sciences.
This was so since the limit to a doctor's profession is curing some of the diseases, and reviving the dead is beyond any man's power. The greatest miracle of the Prophet Muhammad (S) was the Quran since the greatest art of the Arabs at the time of the Prophet Muhammad (S) was that of the eloquency and clearness of speech. When the Quran was revealed and the people heard its verses, they all confirmed that this type of speech was beyond man's power. And those who were the Quran's enemies and did not accept the Quran as being a miracle called it magic."
Thus the Quran is the greatest miracle of the Prophet Muhammad (S) and it is God's Proof over the people up until the Resurrection Day.
It has been narrated on the authority of the Noble Prophet Muhammad (S) that he (a.s.) stated, "Try to understand the Quran7
1-If you want to have a prosperous life and die as the martyrs have.
2-If you want to be saved from the difficulties on the Ressurrection Day (which is the day of being sorrowful)
3-If you want to be safe from the severity of the Heat on that Day
4-If you want to turn away from deviation and loss and turn towards guidance and prosperity."8
Therefore, the Quran includes all the sciences. It is an endless sea of Divine Knowledge and is an eternal miracle of the Prophet of Islam (a.s.). For this very reason, we must honor the Quran as much as we can and try to learn the science of the Quranic commentary, so that we may benefit from its truths, stories, details and points.
The Quran is the permanent miracle of the Prophet of Islam (a.s.) up until the Judgment Day and every Muslim can use it to challenge all the oppossers of Islam to bring to bring the like of it if they can. Every Muslim can announce to them that this is the book of the Prophet of Islam and the words of God the Exalted saying "If you deny this matter, then create something similar to it." Of course, no one can ever meet this challenge.
It must be known that the matter of the miraculousness of the Quran is not restricted to just its eloquency and clearness. Its eloquency and clearness is just one aspect of its miraculousness. The Prophet (S) used this aspect of the Quran and challenged the Arab masters of eloquency on several occasions.
Firstly: Early in the Prophethood in Mecca when only a few verses of the Quran had been revealed, the Prophet challenged his oppossers to bring verses similar to what had been revealed as we read in the following verse,
"Or do they say: 'A Poet! we await for him some calamity (hatched) by Time!' Say thou: 'Await ye! I too will wait along with you!' Is it that their faculties of understanding urge them to this, or are they but a people transgressing beyond bounds? Or do they say, 'He fabricated the (Message)'? Nay, they have no faith!" The Holy Quran: At-Tur 52:30-33.
Then the Quaran goes on and says,
"Let them then produce a recital like unto it, if (it be) they speak the truth!" The Holy Quran: At-Tur 52:34.
Secondly: Another verse which was also revealed in Mecca is as follows,
"Or they may say, 'He forged it,' Say, 'Bring ye then ten suras forged, like unto it, and call (to your aid) whomsoever ye can, other than Allah if ye speak the truth!'" The Holy Quran: Hud 11:13.
However, no matter how much the Quran's opposers tried, they failed to create ten chapters similar to the Quranic chapters.
Thirdly: It is stated in the Chapter Baqara, which was revealed after the above verses, that
"And if ye are in doubt as to what We have revealed from time to time to Our servant, then produce a Sura like thereunto; and call your witnesses or helpers (If there are any) besides Allah, if your (doubts) are true." The Holy Quran: Al-Baqara 2:23.
It is surprising that even though there are short chapters in the Quran like Asr, Kauthar and Towhid, etc. the Arabs who were most eloquent in speech failed to bring anything like them. It is noteworthy that even the liar Muslimah who claimed to be a Prophet - and was one of the most eloquent Arabs - failed to bring sentences similar to those in the Holy Quran.
Amongst his writings presented to challenge the Quran we can read the following words and the like which caused him to be a total failure: "I swear by those who farm, I swear by those who harvest, I swear by those who bake bread, I swear by those who eat bread."9 or "By the elephant, What is the elephant? It has a long trunk."10
In each era there were people who opposed the Quran and made attempts to bring the like of it but they all failed. For example, there were some atheists who argued with Iman Ja'far As-Sadiq (a.s.) during the oppressive rule of Mansoor, the Davaneqi. The Imam always defeated them in their arguments. Once they gathered together in the Al-Haram Mosque (House of God) and said, "We should do something and bring something against the Muslims. The Quran is the most important document of the Muslims. Then we should make an effort and bring a book similar to it. That will put an end to all their claims."
They were all eloquent atheists Among them there were four who were most eloquent. They chose these four and gave them one year to do research. Each of them was supposed to bring one quarter of the book to challenge the Quran. They were supposed to gather together in the same mosque after one year and put their work together to defeat the Muslims. However, after a year had passed, the four people gathered together in the Al-Haram Mosque. One of them said, "To tell you the truth, once I read the following verse, I realized that the Quran is not the words of mankind and it cannot be replicated,
"If there were, in the heavens and the earth, other gods besides Allah, there would have been confusion in both! but glory to Allah, the Lord of the Throne: (High is He) above what they attribute to Him!" The Holy Quran: Al-Anbyia 21:22.
The second man said, "When I reached the following verse I realized that the Quran is not the words of mankind and it cannot be replicated,
"Now when they saw no hope of his (yielding), they held a conference in private..." The Holy Quran: Yusuf 12:80.
The third man said, "When I read the following verse I realized that I cannot bring the like of it,
"Then the word went forth: 'O Earth! Swallow up thy water, and O sky! Withhold (thy rain)!' and the water abated, and the matter was ended. The Ark rested on Mount Judi, and the word went forth: 'Away with those who do wrong!'" The Holy Quran: Hud 11:44.
The fourth man said, When I read the following verse, I realized that one cannot challenge the Quran:
"... Those on whom, besides Allah, ye call, cannot create (even) a fly, if they all met together for the purpose! and if the fly should snatch away anything from them, they would have no power to release it from the fly. Feeble are those who petition and those whom they petition!" The Holy Quran: Al-Hajj 22:73.
Just then, Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq (a.s.) passed by them and recited the following verse,
"Say: 'If the whole of mankind and Genies were to gather together to produce the like of this Qur'an, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they backed up each other with help and support.'" The Holy Quran: Al-Isra 17:88.
As it was said, the Quran's eloquency is only one aspect of its miraculousness. It has other miraculous aspects, too. For example, the Quran includes foretelling of unknown future events. Another miraculous aspect of the Quran is its coverage of Divine Attributes of God, God's Names, His Power, and the unbelievable Order in the Universe. There are nearly seven-hundred verses about the creation which illustrate the influence of God's Power in the heavens and the Earth and everything within them.
Another miraculous aspect of the Quran is its style. There are many other miraculous aspects of the Quran which may be discussed. However, it is very important to ponder over the true meaning of the Quran and its true interpretation since the Quran has clarified everything as we read in the following verse,
"...and of all things have We taken account in a clear Book (of evidence)." The Holy Quran: Ya-Sin 36:12.
God also says,
"... Nothing have we omitted from the Book, and they (all) shall be gathered to their Lord in the end." The Holy Quran: Al-An’am 6:38.
We shall end our discussion with the mention of the following narration on the authority of Abi Ja'far al-Baqir (a.s.) who said, “There are three groups of people who recite the Quran. First there are those who have turned to the Quran as their source of income. They use it to approach the rulers and act haughty with the people. Then there are those who recite the Quran and memorize it bit by bit, but violate its bounds and do not act accordingly. Lastly there are those who recite the Quran and paste it as a medication to their hearts. They use it at night to say supplications and use it in the daytime while suffering from the thirst of fasting. They use the Quran to worship in the mosque and stay out of their comfortable beds. The Honorable the Omnipotent God fends off calamities from them; takes revenge from the enemies by them and sends down rain from the sky for them. I swear by God that such recitors of the Quran are as scarce as red matches are.11”12
قال أبي جعفر عليه السلام: قراء القرءان ثلاثة: رجل قرأ القرءان فاتخذه بضاعة واستدر به الملوك واستطال به على الناس ، ورجل قرأ القرءان فحفط حروفه وضيع حدوده ، ورجل قرأ القرءان فوضع دواء القرءان على داء قلبه ، فأسهر به ليله ، وأظمأ به نهاره. وقام به في مساجده ، وتجافى به عن فراشه ، فبأولئك يدفع الله العزيز الجبار البلاء ، وبأولشك يديل الله من الأعداء وباولئك ينزل الله الغيث من السماء ، فوالله هؤلاء قراء القرءان أعز من الكبريت الأحمر.
- 1. Bihar ul-Anwar, 23/108.
- 2. Al-Lavame an-Nuyaniah fi asma’eh Ali va Ahle Baytehi al-Qurania
- 3. Dr. Shumayyil referred to looting in the battles.
- 4. They were not Christians or Jews.
- 5. Christians
- 6. One of the Shiite scholars who was martyred by Motevakil when in response to his question, "Do you like my children more or Al-Hassan (a.s.) and Al- Husayn (a.s.)?" he replied, "Even Qanbar who was the slave servant of the Commander of the Faithful Ali (a.s.) has a higher rank than you and children have."
- 7. Study it, learn it, teach it and try to comprehend the true meaning of the Quran.
- 8. Bihar ul-Anwar, 19/92.
- 9. Montahial A’mal, 33.
- 10. The Quran and the Last Prophet, 49.
- 11. Meaning that good and sincere friends are very hard to find.
- 12. Al-Khisal 3-164.