Table of Contents

Chapter 1: The Individual Duties of a Child

1.1: Observing Discipline in the Affairs

403. Imam ‘Ali (a.s.) said, in his will to Hasan and Husayn after being hit by Ibn Muljam –may Allah curse him-: “I advise you both and all my children and family and all whom my will reaches to be in awe of Allah and manage your affairs.”1

النَّظمُ فِي الأُمورِ

.403الإمام عليّ عليه السلام- مِن وَصِيَّةٍ لَهُ لِلحَسَنِ وَالحُسَينِ عليهما السلام لَمّا ضَرَبَهُ ابنُ مُلجمٍ لَعَنهُ اللهُ- أُوصيكُما وجَميعَ وُلدي وأهلي ومَن بَلَغَهُ كِتابي بِتَقوَى اللهِ ونَظمِ أمرِكُم.

1.2: Cleanliness

404. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said: “Indeed Allah is pure and He likes the pure ones and He is clean and He likes cleanliness.”2

405. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said: “Cleanse yourself with anything you can, for Allah has based Islam on cleanliness.”3

406. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said: “Indeed Islam is clean, so be clean, for only the clean will enter Heaven.”4

407. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said: “It is incumbent on every Muslim to bathe himself every seven days, washing his head and his body.”5

408. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said: “Indeed Allah dislikes a dirty and untidy person.”6

409. Kanz al-Fawa’id: the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) said: “Indeed Allah dislikes a man who is al-Qadhurah.”

He was asked: “O’ Messenger of Allah! What is al-Qadhurah?”

He answered: “Someone who annoys his companions [by his dirt and bad smell].”7

410. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said: “He who keeps clothes should keep them clean.”8

411. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said: “Wash your clothes…look after yourself and clean yourself.”9

النَّظافَةُ

.404رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: إنَّ اللهَ طَيِّبٌ يُحِبُّ الطَّيِّبَ، نَظيفٌ يُحِبُّ النَّظافَةَ.

.405عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: تَنَظَّفوا بِكُلِّ مَا استَطَعتُم؛ فَإِنَّ اللهَ تَعالى بَنَى الإِسلامَ عَلَى النَّظافَةِ.

.406عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: إنَّ الإِسلامَ نَظيفٌ فَتَنَظَّفوا؛ فَإِنَّهُ لا يَدخُلُ الجَنَّةَ إلّا نَظيفٌ.

.407عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: حَقٌّ عَلى كُلِّ مُسلِمٍ أن يَغتَسِلَ في كُلِّ سَبعَةِ أيّامٍ يَوماً، يَغسِلُ فيهِ رَأسَهُ وجَسَدَهُ.

.408عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: إنَّ اللهَ يُبغِضُ الوَسِخَ وَالشَّعِثَ‏ .

.409كنز الفوائد عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: إنَّ اللهَ يُبغِضُ الرَّجُلَ القاذورَةَ. قيلَ: ومَا القاذورَةُ يا رَسولَ اللهِ؟ قالَ: الَّذي يَتأفَّفُ‏ بِهِ جَليسُهُ.

.410رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: مَنِ اتَّخَذَ ثَوباً فَليُنَظِّفهُ.

411. عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: اغسِلُوا ثِيابَكُم ... وتَزَيَّنوا وتَنَظَّفوا.

1.3: Washing hands before and after Food

412. Imam ‘Ali (a.s.) said: “Washing the hands before and after [eating] food increases the lifespan… and it brightens the eye.”10

غَسلُ اليَدَينِ قَبلَ الطَّعامِ وبَعدَهُ‏

.412الإمام عليّ عليه السلام: غَسلُ اليَدَينِ قَبلَ الطَّعامِ وبَعدَهُ زِيادَةٌ فِي العُمُرِ ... ويَجلُو البَصَرَ.

1.4: Brushing the Teeth

413. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said: “Brush your teeth, and make yourself clean.”11

414. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said: “Brush your teeth, for brushing is a great act.”12

415. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said: “It is of one’s nature to rinse water in the mouth and nose, and to brush your teeth.”13

416. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said: “Clean your gums from food and brush your teeth, and do not come to me with yellow teeth and a bad mouth odour.”14

السِّواكَ‏

.413رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: استاكوا وتَنَظَّفوا.

.414عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: عَلَيكُم بِالسِّواكِ، فَنِعمَ الشَّي‏ءُ السِّواكُ.

.415عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: مِنَ الفِطرَةِ المَضمَضَةُ وَالاستِنشاقُ وَالسِّواكُ.

416. عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: نَظِّفوا لَثَّاتِكُم مِنَ الطَّعامِ وَاستاكوا، ولا تَدخُلوا عَلَيَّ فُخراً بُخراً .

1.5: Washing Hands before Sleeping

417. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said: “He who goes to bed with oily hands and is then afflicted with something, he should not blame anyone but himself.”15

418. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said: “If any of you has a smelling oily hand and does not wash it before going to bed and is then afflicted with something, he should not blame anyone but himself.”16

419. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said: “Beware that he who goes to bed while his hands smell of fat should not blame anyone but himself.”17

غَسلُ اليَدَينِ قَبلَ النَّومِ‏

.417رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: مَن باتَ وفي يَدِهِ غَمَرٌ فَأَصابَهُ شَي‏ءٌ، فَلا يَلومَنَّ إلّا نَفسَهُ.

.418عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: إذا نامَ أحَدُكُم وفي يَدِهِ ريحُ غَمَرٍ فَلَم يَغسِل يَدَهُ فَأَصابَهُ شَي‏ءٌ، فَلا يَلومَنَّ إلّا نَفسَهُ.

.419عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: ألا لا يَلومَنَّ امرُؤٌ إلّا نَفسَهُ، يَبيتُ وفي يَدِهِ ريحُ غَمَرٍ.

1.6: Cutting Nails

420. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said: “Shortening your nails hinders the great sickness, and brings about sustenance.”18

421. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said: “Cut your nails, for Satan moves between the meat and the nail.”19

422. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said: “Cut your nails and burry them, and clean your fingers.”20

قَصُّ الأَظافيرِ

.420رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: تَقليمُ الأَظفارِ يَمنَعُ الدّاءَ الأَعظَمَ، ويُدِرُّ الرِّزقَ.

.421عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: قُصّوا أظافيرَكُم؛ فَإِنَّ الشَّيطانَ يَجري ما بَينَ اللَّحمِ وَالظُّفرِ.

422. عنه صلى الله عليه وآله: قُصّوا أظافيرَكُم، وَادفُنوا قُلاماتِكُم، ونَقّوا بَراجِمَكُم‏ .

  • 1. . Nahj al-Balaghah, Letter 47. Rawdah al-Wa’izin, p. 152.
  • 2. . Sunan al-Tirmidhi, vol. 5, p. 112, h. 2799. Musnad Abu Ya’la, vol. 1, p. 368, h. 786. Both narrating from Sa’d ibn Abu Waqqas.
  • 3. . Kanz al-Ummal, vol. 9, p. 277, h. 26002, narrating from Abu al-Sa’alik al-Tarsuni from Abu Hurayrah.
  • 4. . Tarikh Baghdad, vol. 5, p. 143, h. 2576, narrating from ‘A’ishah.
  • 5. . Sahih al-Bukhari, vol. 1, p. 305, h. 856. Musnad Ibn Hanbal, vol. 3, p. 246, h. 8511, with ‘incumbent upon Allah’ instead of ‘incumbent’. Both narrating from Abu Hurayrah.
  • 6. . Shu’ab al-Iman, vol. 5, p. 168, h. 6226, narrating from ‘A’ishah. Kanz al-Ummal, vol. 6, p. 641, h. 17181.
  • 7. . Kanz al-Fawa’id, vol. 2, p. 185. Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 80, p. 106.
  • 8. . al-Kafi, vol. 6, p. 441, h. 3, narrating from al-Sakuni from Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.). Qurb al-Isnad, p. 70.
  • 9. . Tarikh Dimashq, vol. 36, p. 124, narrating from ‘Abdullah ibn Maymun al-Qaddah from Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) from his forefathers (a.s.). Kanz al-Ummal, vol. 6, p. 640, h. 17175.
  • 10. . al-Kafi, vol. 6, p. 290, h. 3, narrating from Abu Basir from Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.).
  • 11. . al-Musannif by Ibn Abu Shaybah, vol. 1, p. 197, h. 25, narrating from Sulayman ibn Sa’id. al-Mu’jam al-Awsat, vol. 7, p. 259, h. 7442, narrating from Sulayman ibn Ñard.
  • 12. . Kanz al-Ummal, vol. 9, p. 314, h. 26183. Jami’ al-Saghir, vol. 2, p. 169, h. 5531. Both narrating from ‘Abd al-Jabbar al-Khulani in Tarikh Dariyya from ‘Anas.
  • 13. . Sunan Ibn Majah, vol. 1, p. 107, h. 294. al-Sunan al-Kubra, vol. 1, p. 88, h. 242. Both narrating from ‘Ammar ibn Yasir.
  • 14. . Kanz al-Ummal, vol. 6, p. 655, h. 17239, narrating from al-Hakim from ‘Abdullah ibn Kathir.
  • 15. . Sunan al-Tirmidhi, vol. 4, p. 289, h. 1859. Musnad Ibn Hanbal, vol. 3, p. 251, h. 8539. Both narrating from Abu Hurayrah.
  • 16. . Sunan Ibn Majah, vol. 2, p. 1096, h. 3297, narrating from Abu Hurayrah.
  • 17. . Sunan Ibn Majah, vol. 2, p. 1096, h. 3296, narrating from Imam al-Husayn (a.s.) from his mother Fatimah (a.s.). Kanz al-Ummal, vol. 15, p. 242, h. 40759, narrating from it.
  • 18. . al-Kafi, vol. 6, p. 490, h. 1, narrating from al-Hasan ibn Rashid. Thawab al-A’mal, p. 42, h. 4, narrating from Abu Basir. Jami’ al-Akhbar, p. 334, h. 943. Both narrating from Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) from his forefathers (a.s.) from the Prophet (S.a.w.), with ‘increases sustenance’ instead of ‘and brings about sustenance’. al-Khisal, p. 611, h. 10, narrating from Abu Basir and Muhammad ibn Muslim from Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) from his forefathers (a.s.). Tuhaf al-’Uqul, p. 101. Both narrating from Imam ‘Ali (a.s.). Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 76, p. 119, h. 2.
  • 19. . Tarikh Dimashq, vol. 53, p. 247, h. 11237. al-Firdaws, vol. 2, p. 168, h. 2843. Both narrating from Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah al-Ansari.
  • 20. . Tafsir al-Qurtubi, vol. 2, p. 102, narrating from ‘Abdullah ibn Bishr al-Mazini. Kanz al-Ummal, vol. 6, p. 655, h. 17239.