Commentary of: “Wa bi jabarutika’llati ghalabta biha kulla shay”
وَبِجَبرُوتِكَ الَّتِى غَلَبْتَ بِهَا كُلَّ شَيٍْء
(I ask You) by Your Invincibility, through which You overwhelm all things.
Lexically, the Arabic word “جبروت” (Invincibility) is a hyperbole; it means Allah compensates for all the shortcomings and inadequacies of the creatures by granting them every blessing, necessary tools and equipment; a lofty compensation.
All the beings are insignificant before being created; their primary element is an atom, a particle, a seed, or a trivial semen. They have inadequacies at first that are covered by Allah’s Invincibility, so that all the creatures reach their full entity and occupy their due position in the living world.
The compensation of creatures’ shortcomings by Allah is an important issue, some instances of which are narrated from scientific books, hoping that they increase our faith in the Lofty Source of Bounty.
The sun, which is a major source of our energy, is only a small element of this world. Its heat is so intense that no element of fire can compete with it. The surface temperature of the sun is approximately 6093 degrees centigrade; its inner temperature is yet beyond this figure. In every second, the sun renders more that twelve million and four hundred thousand tons of energy in space. In order to produce the heat used by the sun in one minute, we will need 679 million billion tons of coal.
The energy exhausted by the sun in a minute weighs about four million tons and it turns to 126’144’000’000’000 tons in each year. However, no fire can go on burning without energy. Thus, if the sun does not obtain anything from an external source and burns this amount of energy per year, why doesn’t it get cold? Meanwhile, if the sun was made of pure coal, it could not burn for more than sixty centuries.
The answer to this question is only given by Allah’s Invincibility. He has created the sun as a huge mass of gasses, which regains the exhausted energy by contraction. This fact is the result of numerous scientific studies in the east and the west who have written hundreds of pages of books that is available to us but as a simple sentence.
In fact, He is the One Who balances the objects’ exhausted energy in various ways; compensating the sun’s exhausted energy is but one sign of Allah’s Invincibility.
The Caspian Sea is about 27.6 meters beneath the sea level and it still continues to go further down. The Caspian Sea is not related to the free seas so its tide is not in concurrence with the oceans’ general ebb and flow. Due to its small size, this sea cannot use the gravity of the moon and so technically it shouldn’t have had a tide. As a result the sea should have rot long ago, polluting its shores, and losing any living things in and on it. But why did it not happen?
The Omnipotent Who created the sea very well knew how compensate this shortcoming. He sent winds called “Sarnuk”, “Khazari”, and “Miyanwa”1 that creates waves in the sea to such an extent that the rivers pouring into it have tides too. These winds blow so powerfully that most fishermen cannot even control their boats against them. Another duty of the mentioned winds is that they drive the clouds from the north to the south of the sea and produce rain in the northern shores of Iran, providing the meadows in this region a garden of flowers.
The winds also send the seawater into “Anzali marsh” to filter it. Due to constant flood-like rain, the rivers in Gilan2 are usually muddy and full of seeds and roots from the woods. The mud of the rivers pouring into the marsh thickens the bottom layer, allowing the seeds and roots, too, to grow inside the marsh. These two factors are sufficient to dry the water in the marsh and turn it into a swamp. Thus, what is the reason that this marsh has existed for hundreds of years now?
To avoid this, the Almighty sends the seawater to the floods. At the same time as the above-mentioned winds send the clouds from the north of the sea to the south, the fresh seawater flows to the muddy river water and mixes with it, making it less dense and removing any seeds and roots by its salt.
When these winds stop, Allah sends other winds called “Keramwa”, “Kenarowa” and “Aftab Bushu” to reverse the water flow, pouring the marsh water into the Caspian Sea, and hence evacuating the marsh from muddy waters.
Still two other winds called “Gilwa” and “Durushtwa” are assigned with the duty of convulsing the marsh water from the East to the West, in order to blend it together!!3
Fruit seeds are useless until they are planted and are subjected to Allah’s Invincibility that shapes them in various forms.
A pleasant apple was once a tiny and closed seed inside a grocery store box. It was not of use as a seed except if it were to be planted. When the farmer placed it under the soil, some agents like fresh air, light, water and mineral elements helped it to compensate its shortcomings, by Allah’s Will. So the apple became a delicious, pleasant, and colorful fruit, which an adornment for gathering and food for humans.
Taking a quick look at the ingredients of the apple which makes us more familiar with Allah’s Invincibility:
Azotic (nitrogen) ingredients: proteins and amino acids like lizine, ursenin, histidine, and tirusine)
Minerals: iodine, potassium, boron, phosphor, calcium, iron, cupper, cudium, sulphur, manganese, zinc, and penizium.
Starch-Glucose materials: dextrose, cellulose, pentosan, and starch.
Sugars: glucose, fructose, and sucrose.
Pectic materials: pectic acid, pectin, pecthinic acid, and protopectin.
Fats and acids: malic acid, citric acid, oxalic acid, ascorbic acid, and lactic acid.
Color ingredients: antocianines, and chlorophyll.
Vitamins: A, B, C, and G.
Enzymes: catalos, and oxidase.
Water: 84 percent.
This is how the Invincible compensates the shortcomings of a fruit. If we were to simply indicate His compensation to other entities as well as to spiritual elements, we would need infinite number of blank pages as much as the number of all the entire human population.