Allah, the Exalted, prescribed two Eids [feasts or Bairams]: One of them is Eidul-Fitr [lesser Bairam] which comes at the end of the blessed month of Ramadan, the month of Siyam. Muslims celebrate this Eid, decorate their places, festively visit and congratulate one another for having performed the duty of the Siyam. This Eid is on the first day of the month of Shawwal [the tenth month of the Islamic calendar].
The second Eid is Eidul-Adha [the greater Bairam], on the 10th day of the month of Dhul-Hijjah [the 12th month of the Islamic calendar], which is also celebrated by the Muslims, as they celebrate Eidul-Fitr, as a token of their respect and honour for that great day on which they have finished the rituals of the Hajj, one of the holy duties of Islam.
On these two occasions Allah enjoined that a particular Salat should be performed, called Salatul-Eid.
Salatul-Eid consists of two Rak’ahs like Salatus-Subh, with five additional Takbirs after the recitation of Al-Fatihah and a Surah, with a Qunut after each Takbir in the first Rak’ah and four Takbirs and four Qunuts in the second Rak’ah. It may suffice to do only three Takbirs in each Rak’ah, with a Qunut after each Takbir. In the Qunut we may recite any invocation (Dua) we wish. The details of this Salat is as follows:
1. We make the Niyyah to perform Salatul-Eid, then we recite Takbiratul-Ihram.
2. We recite Suratul-Fatihah, and a Surah, preferred to be Suratush-Shams or Suratul-Ala, then we recite another Takbir, then we raise our hands for invocation, reciting any praying text, though the following Du’a is the most recommended: “Allahumma Ahlal-Kibriya’i Wal-Azamah, Wa Ahlal-Judi Wal-Jabarut, Wa Ahlal-Afwi War-Rahmah, Wa Ahlat-Taqwa Wal Maghfirah, As’aluka Bihaqqi Hadhal-Yaumil-Ladhi Ja’altahu Lil-Muslimina Idan, Wa Li Muhammadin, Salla-Llahu Alayhi We Alihi, Dhukhran Wa Sharafan Wa Karamatan Wa Mazidan, An Tusalliya Ala Muhammadin Wa Alee Muhammad, Ka’afdali Ma Sallayta Ala Abdin Min Ibadika, Wa Salli Ala Mala’ikatika Wa Rusulika Waghfir Lil-Mu’minina Wal-Mu’minat Wal-Muslimina Wal-Muslimat, Al-Ahya’i Minhum Wal-Amwat. Allahumma Inni As’aluka Khayra Masa’alaka Minhu Ibadukas-Salihun, Wa’audhu Bika Min Sharri Masta’adha Minhu’ibadukal-Muskhlisun.”
3. Having finished the Qunut, we lower our hands and repeat the Takbir for the second time, then we raise our hands once again and repeat the same Du’a. Finishing it, we lower our hands with a Takbir, then raise them for the third time and repeat the same Du’a, lower our hands with a Takbir, and once again raise them for the fourth time, repeat the same Du’a, lower our hands with with a Takbir, and raise them for the fifth time and repeat the same Du’a.
4. After that we make the Ruku and the two Sajdahs, as in the daily Salats.
5. Then we stand up for the second Rak’ah, repeat the same recitation, Takbir and Du’a, i.e. we recite Al-Fatihah, a Surah, preferably Suratul-Ghashiyah or Suratush-Shams, then the 4 Takbirs, with the Du’a after each Takbir, as we did in the first Rak’ah.
6. Having finished the Du’a after the fourth Takbir, we make the Ruku, the two Sajdahs, the Tashahhud and the Taslim, as in the daily Salats.
1. The conditions required in the daily Salats, such as Taharah, facing the Qiblah, etc., are required in this Salat, too.
2. No Adhan is required for this Salat, nor Iqamah. It is Mustahabb however, for the Mu’adhdhin to shout: "As Salat!" three times.
3. The assigned time2 for perfonning this Salat begins from sunrise till noon.
4. It is Mustahabb to recite it audibly.
5. It must be attended for performance, if an equitable Imam lead the Jama’ah.
Q1. There are certain advantages in the Islamic Eids. Please, count some of these advantages.
Q2. How many Rak’ahs are there in Salatul-Eid?
Q3. An Imam performed this Salat, with three Takbirs and three Qunuts in each Rak’ah. Is his Salat valid or Batil?
Q4. If an Imam performed Salatul-Eid with five Takbirs and five Qunuts in the first Rak’ah but in the second Rak’ah he performed four Takbirs and four Qunuts, would his Salat be valid or Batil?
Q5. Tell your brother students about the time of Salatul-Eid.
Q6. Fill in the blanks with suitable words: There is neither Adhan nor Iqamah in Salatul-Eid, but it is Mustahabb to say: ….. three …..