The Division of The Verb Into Declinable and Indeclinable 1
35. What do you understand about a declinable verb?
36. What verbs are declinable?
37. What kinds of cases does a verb have?
38. What is the nominative sign of verb?
39. What is the subjunctive sign of a verb?
40. What is the jussive sign of a verb?
35. The cases of a verb are determined by the changing of the end of the verb due to its placement in a sentence.
36. The only verb that is declinable is the aorist tense. For example: یَقرَﺃ یَکتُبُ (he is writing, he is reading)
37. There are three cases for declinable verbs: the nominative case, the subjunctive case and the jussive case.
38. The principle of the nominative case is the verb having a dummah.
The nūn takes the place of the dummah in the aorist verbs, which are every verb in the aorist tense that is connected to:
• the dual alif: یَفعَلانِ تَفعَلانِ
• the plural wāw: یَفعَلُونَ تَفعَلُونَ
• the you feminine pronoun (yā'): تَفعَلینَ
39. The principle of the subjunctive case is the verb having a fathah.
The subtraction of the nūn takes the place of the fathah in the aorist verbs. For example: ﺃن یَفعَلا
40. The sign of the jussive case in a verb is the sakūn.
The subtraction of the nūn takes the place of the sakūn in the aorist verbs. For example: لَم یَفعَلا
The subtraction of the weak letter when it is the last root letter of a weak verb takes the place of a sakūn. For example: لَم یَرمِ (he did not throw)