Maqsur, Mamdud, and Manqus Nouns
141. What is a maqsūr noun?
142. How is a manqsūr noun verbalized?
143. What is a mamdūd noun?
144. What is a manqūs noun?
145. How is a manqūs noun verbalized?
141. A maqsūr noun is a noun that ends in an alif. The alif can either be:
• long, for example: عصا (cane)
• maqsūrah, for example: فتیَ (young man)
142. Maqsūr nouns are always verbalized with a fathah nunation, except if it is an unnonated noun. For example: جاءَ فتیً (a young man came), رأیتُ فتیً (I saw a young man), and مَرَرتُ بفتیً (I passed by a young man)
143. A mamdūd noun is a noun that ends with a hamzah preceded by an alif. For example: سماء (sky).
144. A manqūs noun is a noun that ends with a yā' preceded by a kasrah. For example: القاضي (judge).
145. A manqūs noun is verbalized:
• By two kasrahs after the yā' is erased when it is in the nominative and genitive cases. For example: جاءَ قاضٍ (a judge came).
• Just like any other noun in the accusative case, unless it is unnonated. For example: رأیتُ قاضیاً (I saw a judge).