Nunated and Unnunated Words

261. What is a nunated word?

262. What is an unnunated word?

263. What are the most important unnunated words?

264. What is a proper noun being unnunated conditional upon?

265. What is an adjective being unnunated conditional upon?

266. What is a plural being unnunated conditional upon?

267. What is a noun ending in the feminine alif being unnunated conditional upon?

268. When does an unnunated noun accept a kasrah?

261. A nunated word is a word that accepts nunation and all of the vowel signs. For example: رجُل (man) and عالم (scholar)

262. An unnunated word is a word that does not except a kasrah or nunation. For example: إبراهیم (Abraham) یعقوب (Jacob).

263. The most important unnunated words are:

• Some proper nouns and singular adjectives

• Plural nouns in the two forms مفاعل and مفاعیل

• Any word that ends in the feminine alif

264. A Proper noun becomes unnunated if:

• it is feminine, for example: مریم (Maryam)

• it is taken from a foreign language, for example: إسحَق (Isaac)

• it is a compound word, for example: بَعلبَک (a city in Lebanon)

• it has an alif and nūn added to the end of it, for example: عثمان

• it is on the form of a verb, for example: أحمَد

• it was taken from another word, for example: عُمَر

265. Adjectives become unnunated if:

• they are on the form فَعلان which is made feminine by putting it into the فَعلیَ form, for example: عَطشان (thirsty)

• they are on the اَفعَل form, for example: أحسَن (better)

• they are taken from another word, for example: ثُلاث (third)

266. Plurals are unnunated if:

• they are on the مفاعل form, for example: مَساجِد (mosques)

• they are on the مفاعیل form, for example: مَصابیح (lanterns)

267. Any noun that ends in a feminine alif is unnunated, for example: سَکریَ (drunk)

268. Unnunated nouns receive a kasrah if they are contracted to other words or if they have an alif-lām. For example: مَرَرتُ بأفضَلِ العلماء (I passed by the best scholars).