89. What is a cognate accusative?
A cognate accusative is an infinitive mentioned after a verb from the same root as the verb for:
• emphasis: قَتَلَ الحارسُ اللّصَّ قتلاً (The guard killed the thief, a killing.)
• explanation of the type: اصبر صبراً جمیلاً (Be patient, a beautiful patience.)
• explanation of number: دَقَّتَ الساعَةُ دقَّتین (The watch ticked twice.)
90. What word can take the place of a cognate accusative if it is used for emphasis?
If the cognate accusative is used for emphasis it can be replaced by a synonym. For example:
قُمتُ وُقُوفاً (I stood up, a standing.)
91. What words can take the place of a cognate accusative if it is used for explanation?
If the cognate accusative is used for explanation it can be replaced by:
• an adjective: اُذکِروا اللهَ کثیراً (Remember Allah a lot.)
• the words کل or بعض: مال کلَّ المیلِ (He inclined a full inclination.)
• demonstrative pronouns: قالَ ذلکَ القولَ (He said those words.)
• numbers: جُلِدَ السارِقُ عَشرَ جَلَداتٍ (The thief was whipped ten whips.)
• tools: ضَرَبتُهُ سَوطاً (I hit him, whipping.)