Surah Ar-Room, Chapter 30

(The Romans)
No. 30 (Revealed at Mecca)
60 Verses in 6 Sections

The Virtue of the Surah

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

In The Name of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful

Imam Sadiq (as) in a tradition said:

“Whoever recites Suras Al-‘Ankabut and Ar-Room in the month of Ramadan at the twenty third night, by Allah he will be admitted in Paradise, and I do not consider any exception in this word…(with the condition that he fulfils his religious duties). These two Suras have an important situation with Allah.”1

In another tradition narrated from the Prophet (S), he has said:

“Whoever recites Surah Ar-Room, will be rewarded ten rewards as the number of every angel who glorifies Allah between the heaven, and the earth, and whatever he has lost in that day and night will be recompensed.”2

It is evident that he who puts the content of this Surah, which is full of teachings about Monotheism and the great court of Hereafter in his soul and manner, and observes the constant watch of Allah over him, and knows the Day of Judgment and Divine court certain, the Divine devoutness will fill his heart in a manner that he will be eligible for such a great reward.

The Feature of the Surah

This holy Surah contains 60 verses and has been revealed at Mecca.

Similar to many Meccan Suras, the main subject in this Surah is ‘Origin and End’ and the statements of the believers and disbelievers are in this relation.

This Surah begins with the Prophecy about the victory of Romans against Iranians in the war, and for this reason this Surah has been called Ar-Room.

A great part of the verses of this Surah is about the Divine bounties in the heaven and in the earth, the conjugality system in plants and animals, creation of man from dust, the relation between man and woman, effort in the day and sleep at night, the fall of rain, the winds, and the earth being revived after its death.

  • 1. Thawab-ul-’A‘mal, by Saduq, according to the narration of Nur-uth-Thaqalayn, Vol. 4, P. 169, the Commentary
  • 2. Majma‘-ul-Bayan, at the beginning of Surah Ar-Room