Imam Ali’s (A) name became a synonym for ‘justice’ after him. He became an ideal of human justice amongst the common people and the nobility. Umar Ibn Abdul Aziz said: “Ali neglected the predecessors and made the successors fall in a difficult situation. When people compared the characteristics of the caliphs with immaculate and just character of Imam Ali (A), they could not help criticizing the caliphs.”
Mu’awiyah had come to Mecca for Hajj and found about Darmiyya Hujuniya who was famous for supporting Imam Ali (A) and opposing Mu’awiyah. Mu’awiyah was informed that she is alive and he summoned her.
He asked her: “Do you know why I called you? I want to know the reason why you love Ali and hate me.”
Darmiyya replied: “It is better that you don’t ask me this question?”
Mu’awiyah said: “You will have to reply this question in any case.”
Darmiyya said: “Because Ali was the standard bearer of justice and equity. You fought him without justification. I love Ali because he took care of the poor. I hate you because you shed unlawful blood. You created a rift among Muslims, gave unjust verdicts and fell a prey to your selfish desires.”
Mu’awiyah was ashamed to hear this and he became furious. He could not control his anger and abused Darmiyya. Then he controlled his anger and as usual told her politely, “Never mind, have you seen Ali yourself?” Darmiyya: “Yes.”
Mu’awiyah: “How did you find him?”
Darmiyya: “By Allah, I saw him in a state such that he was not intoxicated by kingdom like you are.”
Mu’awiyah asked: “Did you hear Ali’s voice?”
Darmiyya said: “Yes, I have heard him. His voice polishes the hearts and removes turbidity from them as olive oil removes rust.”
Mu’awiyah asked: “Do you want anything?” Darmiyya said: “Would you give me what I ask?”
Mu’awiyah replied: “Yes, why not?”
Darmiyya said: “1 want a hundred red-haired camels.”
Mu’awiyah said: “If 1 give you these camels, would you equate me with Ali?”
Darmiyya said: “Never.”
Mu’awiyah ordered the wish of Darmiyya to be fulfilled. A hundred camels were given to Darmiyya. Mu’awiyah said: “By Allah, if Ali had been alive, he would not have given you even a single camel.”
Darmiyya said: “You are talking about one camel? I swear by Allah, Ali would not have given me even a single camel hair because it is communal property of Muslims.”1
Adi Ibn Hatim Tai was one of the great and pious companions of the Master of the Pious. He loved Imam Ali (A) from the depths of his heart. He accepted Islam during the last days of the Holy Prophet (S).
Accepting Islam brought him lots of good luck. He came very close to Imam Ali (A) during the days of his caliphate. His three sons - Tareef, Tarfa and Taarif were alongside Imam Ali (A) in the battle of Siffeen and got martyred in the battle.
Adi happened to meet Mu’awiyah face to face one day after the martyrdom of Imam Ali (A). Mu’awiyah tried to reopen the wounds of Adi by making him recollect the memories of his martyred sons and make Adi say what he wanted.
Mu’awiyah asked: “Where are Tareef, Tarfa and Taarif?”
Adi replied courageously: “They were martyred in front of Ali Ibn Abi Talib (A) in the battle of Siffeen.”
Adi emphasized the phrase “in front of Ali” in order to express his pleasure.
Mu’awiyah said: “Ali has not done justice with you. He sent your sons to the front so that they may be killed but he did not send his sons so that they might live.”
Adi said: “No, the fact is that I have not done justice to Ali (A) because he got martyred and I am still alive.”2
When Mu’awiyah saw that his purpose was not getting fulfilled his tactics changed and he said, “Narrate the attributes of Ali.”
Adi said: “Please excuse me.”
Mu’awiyah said: “No, 1 won’t leave you like this.”
When Mu’awiyah insisted much, Adi began reciting a poem in praise of Imam Ali (A) as follows:
“By Allah, Ali (A) was foresighted and very brave.
He used to talk justly and decide responsibly.
The fountains of knowledge and wisdom flowed around him.
He hated the glamour of this world.
He was attracted towards the darkness of night and solitude.
He used to cry out of fear of Allah and pondered on every matter.
He used to account for his deeds when he was alone and used to repent for his past.
When he was around us, he looked like us.
He used to give whatever we asked.
When we visited him, he made us sit near him and he never sat away from us.
Even though he was so close to us, we awed him so much that we did not dare to speak in front of him.
We did not dare to look into his eyes because of his greatness.
When he smiled, his teeth shone like pearls.
He respected generosity and piety.
He loved the helpless.
Strong people never feared that he would do injustice and weak never lost hope in his justice.
I swear by Allah, one night I saw Ali (A) standing in the niche of the mosque. There was silence everywhere. His beard was wet with his tears. He was trembling and shivering like a troubled person. His words still strike my mind.
He was saying: ‘O world! Why are you after me? Go away and deceive someone else. Your magic will have no effect on Ali (A). I have divorced you thrice and there is no possibility of reconciliation now. You are tasteless and unpredictable. Alas, provisions for journey are meager and journey is long and there is no companion’.”3
Adi told this much and tears began flowing from Mu’awiyah’s eyes. He wiped his tears with his sleeves and said: “May Allah bless Ali (A). Surely, he was just as you have described.”4
Now tell me, how do you feel without him?
Adi said: “I feel like a mother whose son was slaughtered in her lap.” Mu’awiyah asked: “Wouldn’t you be able to ever forget Ali?”
Adi said: “No, but the ointment of time might make me forget the pain.”
Shaykh Al-Mufid writes in Al-Irshad that the period of the Imamate of Commander of the Faithful was for thirty years after the Holy Prophet (S). Out of which he held the reins of government for five years and six months. During this short tenure also he fought the hypocrites. He was martyred on the 21st of holy Ramadan, Friday at sunrise. He was martyred due to the effect of the sword strike of Ibn Muljim Muradi.5
The famous will of the Commander of the Faithful is mentioned in al- Kafi in detail. This will is addressed to his sons as well as to all the human beings till the Judgment Day. It is written at the end of the will that Imam Ali (A) said: “May Allah protect you Ahl al-Bayt. I entrust you all to Allah.”
It is mentioned in al-Kafi that Imam Ali (A) continued to repeat the statement “There is no god except Allah” till his holy soul departed for the heavenly abode.6
Blessings of Allah upon him and his progeny.7
- 1. Al-Iqd ul-Farid, Vol. 2, Pg. 113. This statement “We should follow the footsteps of His Eminence, Ali” seems amusing when spoken by those who loan lacs and crores of rupees collected as taxes from people to whomever they wish and then waive their loans. (Rizwani)
- 2. Safinat ul-Bihar, Vol. 2, Pg. 170.
- 3. Safinat ul-Bihar, Vol. 2, Pg. 170.
- 4. Ibid.
- 5. al-Kafi, Vol. 7, Pg. 52; Mirat al-Uqool fi Sharh al-Kafi , Vol. 23, Pg. 88.
- 6. al-Kafi, Vol. 7, Pg. 52; Mirat al-Uqool fi Sharh al-Kafi , Vol. 23, Pg. 88.
- 7. Beest Guft r, Pg. 67-71.