The Holy Qur'an
The Holy Qur’an, Revelation from Allah (swt) only
Surah Yunus, 10 :37-38
وَمَا كَانَ هَـذَا الْقُرْآنُ أَن يُفْتَرَى مِن دُونِ اللّهِ وَلَـكِن تَصْدِيقَ الَّذِي بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَتَفْصِيلَ الْكِتَابِ لاَ رَيْبَ فِيهِ مِن رَّبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ
أَمْ يَقُولُونَ افْتَرَاهُ قُلْ فَأْتُواْ بِسُورَةٍ مِّثْلِهِ وَادْعُواْ مَنِ اسْتَطَعْتُم مِّن دُونِ اللّهِ إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ
God’s Unique Way of Sending His Messages to Mankind
Surah Ash – Shura, 42:51
وَمَا كَانَ لِبَشَرٍ أَن يُكَلِّمَهُ اللَّهُ إِلَّا وَحْيًا أَوْ مِن وَرَاء حِجَابٍ أَوْ يُرْسِلَ رَسُولًا فَيُوحِيَ بِإِذْنِهِ مَا يَشَاء إِنَّهُ عَلِيٌّ حَكِيمٌ
The Holy Qur’an, a Book Complete in Every Aspect and Sent as a Grace From Almighty Allah (swt) and a Guide to Every Believer
Surah Az – Zumar, 39:23
اللَّهُ نَزَّلَ أَحْسَنَ الْحَدِيثِ كِتَابًا مُّتَشَابِهًا مَّثَانِيَ تَقْشَعِرُّ مِنْهُ جُلُودُ الَّذِينَ يَخْشَوْنَ رَبَّهُمْ ثُمَّ تَلِينُ جُلُودُهُمْ وَقُلُوبُهُمْ إِلَى ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ ذَلِكَ هُدَى اللَّهِ يَهْدِي بِهِ مَنْ يَشَاء وَمَن يُضْلِلْ اللَّهُ فَمَا لَهُ مِنْ هَادٍ
The Holy Qur’an was revealed in parts on various occasions during the wide span of twenty-thee (23) years. The greatest proof of the Holy Book being the revealed Word of God is in its uniformity in all its parts conforming to each other and constituting a perfect harmonious whole without the least contradiction or inconsistency anywhere in it, though the circumstances necessitating the revelations, were of varying nature and yet all through the vicissitudes, there is found a perfect uniformity.
As regards God’s guiding whomsoever He pleases and leaving whomsoever He pleases, to stray, refer to Surah an-Nahl, 16:93, Surah al-Ibrahim, 14:4 and Surah al-Baqarah, 2:26.
Said the Holy Prophet (S):
“ If anyone trembles, fearing God’s wrath against his sins, it would shed out his sins, off the individual’s account as the dried leaves are dropped away from a tree.”
The Holy Qur’an, a Book of True Guidance but, only for the Believers
Surah Luqman, 31 :2-5
تِلْكَ آيَاتُ الْكِتَابِ الْحَكِيمِ
هُدًى وَرَحْمَةً لِّلْمُحْسِنِينَ
الَّذِينَ يُقِيمُونَ الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَهُم بِالْآخِرَةِ هُمْ يُوقِنُونَ
أُوْلَئِكَ عَلَى هُدًى مِّن رَّبِّهِمْ وَأُوْلَئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ
The Holy Qur’an is termed as the Book of Wisdom for it contains factors of the highest knowledge which a mortal of any standard of intellect, from the average to the maximum degree, can possibly bear and which is sufficient for man to raise himself from the abyss of material degradation to the sublime heights of heavenly grace and eternal bliss. The Holy Qur’an is a guidance from God and God’s mercy - for those who are seeking to achieve goodness in their life on earth. Those who wish goodness for themselves and for others, loving the good (Tawallah) and discarding the evil (Tabarra). It is this quality, which is called ‘Taqwa’ i.e. piety.
In Hadith al Qudsi, Allah (swt) says:
“You have taken My Book and placed it under your feet, and you have taken this world and placed it over your head.”
The Holy Qur’an : Its Protection Against any Distortion is Promised by Allah (swt)
Surah Al – Hijr, 15:9
إِنَّا نَحْنُ نَزَّلْنَا الذِّكْرَ وَإِنَّا لَهُ لَحَافِظُونَ
This prophecy has been strikingly confirmed by the fact that the text of the Qur’an has remained free from all alterations, additions, or deletions ever since it was enunciated by the Prophet (S) in the seventh century of the Christian era; and there is no other instance of any book, of whatever description, which has been similarly preserved over such a length of time. The Holy Scriptures revealed through the several other apostles of God in the past, were either corrupted or made all together extinct. God would not allow a similar fate to befall His Final Word, for no other apostle would again come nor any other Book will be revealed. Hence the security of the Last and the Final Word of God becomes necessary and it could be done by none save by God Himself. Hence God Himself undertakes to see that it remains secure in its originally revealed form forever.
Allah’s (swt) Challenge to Mankind to Produce a Like of The Qur'an
Surah Al – Isra’, 17:88
قُل لَّئِنِ اجْتَمَعَتِ الإِنسُ وَالْجِنُّ عَلَى أَن يَأْتُواْ بِمِثْلِ هَـذَا الْقُرْآنِ لاَ يَأْتُونَ بِمِثْلِهِ وَلَوْ كَانَ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ ظَهِيرًا
Surah Baqarah, 2:23
وَإِن كُنتُمْ فِي رَيْبٍ مِّمَّا نَزَّلْنَا عَلَى عَبْدِنَا فَأْتُواْ بِسُورَةٍ مِّن مِّثْلِهِ وَادْعُواْ شُهَدَاءكُم مِّن دُونِ اللّهِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ صَادِقِينَ
23. And if you are in doubt as to what we have revealed from time to time to Our servant, then produce a Surah like there unto; And call your witnesses or helpers (if there are any) besides Allah, if your (doubts) are true.
Surah Hud, 11:13
أَمْ يَقُولُونَ افْتَرَاهُ قُلْ فَأْتُواْ بِعَشْرِ سُوَرٍ مِّثْلِهِ مُفْتَرَيَاتٍ وَادْعُواْ مَنِ اسْتَطَعْتُم مِّن دُونِ اللّهِ إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ
The First Revelation of the Qur’an
Surah Al – ‘Alaq, 96:1-5
اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ
خَلَقَ الْإِنسَانَ مِنْ عَلَقٍ
اقْرَأْ وَرَبُّكَ الْأَكْرَمُ
الَّذِي عَلَّمَ بِالْقَلَمِ
عَلَّمَ الْإِنسَانَ مَا لَمْ يَعْلَمْ
These five verses revealed are the first revelation received by the Holy Prophet (S) through the Messenger Angel Gabriel in the cave of Hira. Formerly, it is reported that the Holy Prophet (S) used to receive the communion through dreams and the voices while he was alone in lonely places and did not see the speaker.
In the fortieth year of his life on the 27th night of the month of Rajab when the Holy Prophet (S) was busy in his meditation and prayers in the cave of the Mount Hira, in deep silence and the calm atmosphere, all of a sudden he heard a voice calling him by name and a flood of light broke in upon him with dazzling splendour. He composedly beheld a human form approaching.
It was the Messenger Angel Gabriel, who, coming quite near, held a silken scroll before him and asked him to read what was written thereon. He felt his mind fully illumined with the Divine Light and his eyes were opened to the writing on the scroll and he recited the first few verses of this Surah (Surah al-Alaq, 96:1-5). when he finished the recitation, the Angel announced “O Muhammad! Verily thou art the apostle of God and I am His Angel Gabriel!”.
This address was a signal to start the ministry. The Angel saying this disappeared. Besides the Holy Prophet (S) getting charged with the reading of the Word of God, his memory was divinely conditioned with retention and what he recited only once, before the Angel, remained graven on his heart.
The story of the Holy Prophet (S) getting fright-stricken, returning home trembling, and he being frightened like a child etc. are all mere stories and wishful imagination of some Jewish fabrications against the Holy Prophet (S).
The Holy Prophet (S) says:
“I was the Apostle of God when Adam was still amidst water and the clay”.
Besides the one who was destined to be the Last Apostle or the Final Warner and his advent was prophesied in all the ancient scriptures, would never have been in the least perturbed at meeting the Angel.
Night of Qadr , The Night of Destiny , better than a 1000 Nights
Surah Al – Qadr, 97:1-5
إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ
وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ
لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِّنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ
تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَالرُّوحُ فِيهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِم مِّن كُلِّ أَمْرٍ
سَلَامٌ هِيَ حَتَّى مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ
This is a unique Night of Grandeur - a Mystic Night of special value and worth allotted for men to spend the whole of it, awake and praying to the Lord seeking His forgiveness for the sins and His grace and mercy. It is said that it is announced in the heavens, “Who is there among the mankind to seek tonight the forgiveness and the grace of the Lord and have it”