The Fifth Infallible Third Imam: Imam Hussain the Chief of the Martys and his forty discourses

The fifth Infallible: Imam Hussain (as)

Name: Hussain

Renowned title: Syed u shuhada (The chief of martyrs)

Subtitle: Aba Abdullah

Father and mother: Imam Ali (as) and Fatima (sa)

Time and Place of birth: 3rd of Shaban 4th Hijrah in Medina

Time and Place of Martydom: Ashura 10th of Moharram ul Haram year 61 Hijrah in Karbala at the age of 57.

Holy Shrine: in Karbala.

Duration of life: four parts

1. The age of prophet of Allah (S) Nearly 6 years.

2. At the Service of his father (approx. 30 years).

3. Along with his brother Imam Hassan (10 years)

4. Period of Imamate 10 years.

Forty Traditions from Imam Hussain (as)

اربعون حديثاً

عن الامام الحسين عليه لسلام

1. (Oh Allah) How could an argument be given about your Existence by a thing whose total & complete existence is in need of you?

Is it that the advent of other than you is such that the like (advent) is not present in you, so that the one other than you becomes a. clear evidence (expression) of your presence? When did you ever disappear so that you might need an evidence &logic to lead (the people) towards you? And when did you ever become away & take distance so that your signs & effects make the people get, in touch with you?

Blind be the eye which does not see you (Whereas) you are observing him. (Prayer of Arafaa day i.e 9th of Zilhaaj). 1

1- کَيفَ يُستَدَلُّ عَلَيکَ بِما هُوَ في وُجوُدِهِ مُفتَقِرٌ إِلَيکَ؟ أَيَکُونُ لِغَيرِکَ مِنَ الظُّهُورِ ما لَيسَ لَکَ حَتّی يَکُونَ هُوَ المُظهِرُ لَکَ؟مَتی غِبتَ حَتّی تَحتاجَ إِلی دَليلٍ يَدُلُّ عَلَيکَ؟ وَمتی بَعُدتَ حَتی تَکُونَ الآثارُ هِيَ الَّتی تُوصِل إِلَيکَ ؟عَمِت عَينٌ لا تَراکَ عَلَيها رَقيباً.. (دعاء عرفه، بحارالانوار ج98 ص226)

2. The one who lacked & missed you what did he find? And what is it that he lacks, the one who finds you? Certainly, the one who got pleased & inclined toward other than you, came to nothingness (failed).2

2- ماذا وَجَدَ مَن فَقَدَکَ؟ وما الذی فَقَدَ مَن وَجَدَکَ؟لَقَد خابَ مَن رَضِيَ ذُونَکَ بَدَلاً. (دعاء عرفه، بحارالانوار ج98 ص228)

3. A nation which buys the pleasures of the living beings in exchange for te wrath of the creator does not get salvation. 3

3- لا أَفلَحَ قَومٌ اشتَرَوا مَرضاةِ المَخلُوقِ بِسَخَطِ الخالِقِ. (مقتل خوارزمی ج1 ص239)

4. None is in peace on the resurrection day except the one who fears Allah in the world. 4

4- لا يَأمَنُ يَوم القِيامَةِ اِلاّ مَن خافَ اللهَ فیِ الدُنيا. (بحارالانوار ج44 ص192)

5. Allah, firstly mentioned, 'command for good & forbid to do evil' as one of His obligatory services, since, He knew that if these two obligatory are performed & established, all the obligatory services out of easy & hard will get performed & established. Because, 'command for good & forbid to do evil' invites to Islam, along with giving out the right of those having right & opposing of the tyrants & oppressors. 5

5- فَبَدأَ اللهُ بِالأَمرِ بِالمَعرُوفِ وَالنَّهی عَن المُنکَرِ فَرِيضَةً مِنهُ، لِعِلمِهِ بِاَنَّها اِذا اُدِّيَت وَاُقِيمَت استِقامَتِ الفَرائِضُ کُلهُّا هَيَّنُها وَصَعبُها، وَذلِکَ اَنَّ الأَمرَ بِالمَعرُوفِ وَالنَّهيَ عَنِ المُنکَر دُعاءٌ اِلَی الإسلامِ مَعَ رَدَّ المَظالِمِ وَمُخالَفَةِ الظّالِمِ... (تحف العقول ص237)

6. O, people! the Prophet of Allah (S) said the person who sees that a tyrant & unjust king has made the things forbidden by Allah legal & allowed, broken & breeched His promise & perjure opposed the sunnah & tradition of prophet of Allah, acted among the servants of lord with sin & tyranny. So when he does not act against him (the king) through practice or speech. It is Allah's right to make him enter into his (kings) place of entry (Hell). 6

6- اَيُّهَا النّاسُ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ قالَ مَن رَای سُلطاناً جائِراً مُستَحِلاً لِحَرامِ اللهِ ناکِثاًعَهدَهُ مُخالِفاً لِسُنَّةِ رَسُولِ اللهِ يَعمَلُ في عِبادِاللهِ بِالإثمِ وَالعَدوانِ فَلَم يُغَّيِر عَلَيهِ بِفِعلٍ وَلا قَولٍ کانَ حَقّاً عَلَی اللهِ أَن يُدخِلَهُ مَدخَلَهُ. (مقتل خوارزمی ج1 ص234)

7. Indeed people are the servants of world & the religion is (like) saliva upon their tongues, they churn it around their tongues till they are living. And when they are faced with a test, the religious ones are only rare. 7

7- اِنَّ النّاسَ عَبيدُ الدُّنيا، وَالدّينُ لَعقٌ اَلسِنَتِهِم،يَحُوطُونَهُ مادَرَّت مَعائِشُهُم فِإذا مُحِّصُوا بِالبَلاءِ قَلَّ الدَّيّانُونَ. (تحف العقول ص245)

8. One who wishes to reach a goal & aim through the sin & transgression, the way to that aim would get blocked & sooner he would get into danger. 8

8- مَن حاوَلَ اَمراً بِمَعصِيَتهِ اللهِ کانَ اَفوَتَ لِما يَرجُو وَاَسرَعَ لِما يَحذَرُ. (تحف العقول ص248)

9. Do you not see that the right is not being put into practice & distance is not being taken from the falsehood? (In this situation) the faithful is inclined to it (it suits him) that he meets Allah. 9

9- اَلا تَرَونَ أَنَّ الحَقَّ لا يُعمَلُ بِهِ، وَأَنَّ الباطِلَ لا يُنَناها عَنهُ لِيَرغَب المُؤمِنُ في لِقاءِ اللهِ مُحِقّاً. (تحف العقول ص245)

10. I do not see (consider) death except prosperity and do not consider life along with oppressors & tyrants except affliction & anguish. 10

10- فَإِنّي لا أرَی المَوتَ إِلآ سَعادَةً وَلا الحياةَ مَعَ الظّالِمينَ إلا بَرَماً. (تحف العقول ص245)

11. And your calamity is greater than all the people because the stations of scholars have been snatched off from you (the rulers have forcibly occupied the stations of ulema & scholars & you are following the occupiers blindly). Wish, you knew this since, (from Islamic point of veiw) the implantation & exercising of the ordinances & matters should be in the hands of God recognizing scholars who are the trustees of His legal & forbidden. But you have been deprived of that post. And that you have not been deprived of that but for the reason that you have detached yourselves from the right &, of your differences in the Sunnah (tradition) after the appearance of conspicuous arguments. Had you been patient upon the torture (of enemy) & had endured & borne the expenditure on Allah's course the matters of Allah (the management of Muslim affairs) would have come to your hands & those would have originated from you & returned to you but, you got the tyrants imposed at your place & surrendered the affairs of Allah to them. They practice upon doubtful (ambiguous) & move on the course of lustful desires. Your running away from the death & attachment with the life, which must part from you, made them imposed upon that (mentioned above). 11

11- وَأَنتُم أَعظَمُ النّاسِ مُصيبَةً لِما غُلِبتُم عَلَيهِ مِن مَنازِلِ العُلَماءِ لَو کُنتُم تَشعَرُون ذلِکَ بِأَنَّ مَجارِيَ الأُمُورِ وَالأَحکامِ عَلی اَيدي العُلَماءِ بِاللهِ الأُمَناءِ عَلی حَلالِهِ وَحَرامِهِ فَأنتُمُ المَسلُوبُون تِلکَ المَنزِلَةَ وَمَا سُلِبتُم ذلِکَ إِلاّ بِتَفَرُّقِکُم عَنِ الحَقِّ وَاختِلافِکُم فِي السُّنَّةِ بَعدَ البَيِّنَةِ الواضِحَةِ، وَلَو صَبَرتُم عَلی الأَذی وَتَحَمَّلتُم المَؤُونَةَ في ذاتِ اللهِ، کانَت اُمُورُ اللهِ ،عَلَيکُم تَرِدُ وَعَنکُم تَصدُر، وَاِلَيکُم تَرجِعُ، وَلکِنّکُم مَکَّنتُمُ الظَّلَمَةَ مِن مَنزِلَتِکُم، وَأَسلَمتُم اُمورَاللهِ في اَيديهِم يَعمَلُونَ بِالشُّبُهاتِ،وَيَسرُونَ في الشَّهَواتِ،سلَطَهُم عَلی ذلِکَ فِرارُکُم مِنَ المَوتِ، وَاِعجابُکُم بِالحَياةِ الَّتي هِيَ مُفارِقَتکُم... (تحف العقول ص238)

12. Oh Allah, You know all that took place at our hand (struggle, movement against evils) was neither for the lust of kingship (power) nor to gain wealth but it was for manifesting the signs & symbols of Your religion & to bring about & implement amendment & correction (reform) in Your cities & make the oppressed & afflicted ones out of Your servants peaceful & that Your obligatory & desirable services & commands be put into practice. 12

12- اَللّهُمَّ اِنَّکَ تَعلَمُ أَنَّهُ لَم يَکُن ما کانَ مِنّا تَنافُساً في سُلطانٍ، وَلا التِماساً مِن فُضُولِ الحُطامِ،وَلکِن لِنُرِيَ المَعالِمَ مِن دينِکَ وَنُظهِرَ الإصلاحَ في بِلادِکَ، وَيَأمَنَ المَظلُومُونَ مِن عِبادِکَ،وَيُعمَلَ بِفَرائِضِکَ وَسُنَنِکَ وَاَحکامِکَ... (تحف العقول ص239)

13. I have not stood up upon the incentive & provocation of self-conceit & arrogance & not as a chaos creator & oppressor and indeed I have come out (stood up) wishing the rectification of my grandfather Mohammed (S) ummah. I want to order the good deed & forbid the evil & put into practice the character & morale of my grandfather Muhammad (S) & father Ali Ibn Abi talib (as) &13

13- إِنّی لَم اَخرُج أًشراً وَلا بَطَراً وَلا مُفسداً ولا ظالِماً وَإِنّما خَرجتُ أطلُبُ الإِصلاحَ في أُمَّة جَدّي مُحَمّدٍ صَلی الله عليه وآله وَسلَّم أُريدُ أَن امرَ بِالمَعروفِ وَأَنهی عَن المُنکَرِ وَأَسِيرَ بَسيرَةِ جَدّي مُحَمَّدٍ، وَسيرة أَبي عَلِيّ بنِ أَبي طالِبٍ. (مقتل خوارزمی ج1 ص188)

14. If the world is taken to be a superb & decent house then the house of Allah's reward is more superior & sublime. And if the bodies have been created for death, then being slain with sword on the way of Allah would be better.

And if the substances have been distributed according to the divine destinies then the lesser greed of man for drawing sustenance is more beautiful.

And if the wealth’s are collected & gathered for being left over (passing away without carrying the wealth along to the next world) why does then the free man become stingy & miser about the things to be left behind. 14

14- فَإن تَکُن الدُّنيا تُعَدُّ نَفيسَةً

فَدارُ ثَوابِ اللهِ أَعلی وَأَنبَلُ

وَاِن تَکُن الأً بدانُ لِلمُوتِ أنشِئَت

فَقَتل آمریءٍ بِالسَّيفِ في اللهِ أفضَلُ

وَاِن تَکُن الأً رزاقُ قَسماً مقدّراً

فَقِلَّةُ حِرصِ المَرءِ في الرِّزقِ أَجمَلُ

وَاِن تَکُن الأً موالُ لِلتَّرکِ جَمعُها

فَما بالُ مَتروکٍ بِهِ آلحُرُّ يَبخَلُ

(بحار الانوار ج44 ص374)

15. 'Oh followers of the Abu Sufian family if you do not have religion & you are not afraid of the resurrection day then be free in your world. (At least behave freely in your worldly affairs.) 15

15- يا شيعَةَ الِ أَبی سُفيان إِن لَم يَکُن لَکُم دينٌ وَکُنتُم لا تَخافُونَ المَعادَ فَکُونُوا أَحراراً في دُنياکُم. (مقتل خوارزمی ج2 ص374)

16. A group worships Allah for the avidity (reward of paradise) this is the service of traders & a group worships Allah due to fear (from hell & the torment of Allah) this is the service of slaves (who obey their masters being afraid of them). And a group worships Allah as thanksgiving, so this is the service of free men & is the superior most service. 16

16- اِنَّ قَوماً عَبَدُوا اللهَ رَغبَةً فَتِلکَ عِبادَةُ التُّجّارِ، وَاِنَّ قَوماً عَبَدُوا اللهَ رَهبَةً فَتِلکَ عِبادَةُ العَبيِد، وَاِنَّ قَوماً عَبدُوا اللهَ شُکراً فَتِلکَ عِبادَةُ الأَحرارِ،وَهِيَ اَفضَلُ العِبادَةِ. (تحف العقول ص246)

17. Do know that the people's being needy towards you is a beneficence of Allah upon you so do not get tired of the beneficence’s lest those should turn into calamity & woes. 17

17- وَاَعلَمُوا أَنَّ حَوائِجَ النّاسِ اِلَيکُم مِن نِعَمِ اللهِ عَلَيکُم فَلا تَمِلوُّا النَّعَمَ فَتَحُورَ

(بحارالانوار ج7 ص121)

18. Oh people! take lesson from what Allah has admonished His friends, wherein He negatively defined (rebuked) the people of the book (Jew) scholars & said, 'Why do the scholars of Jews & Christian not forbid & refrain people from sinful talks (or deviational beliefs) & also said ', Those among the sons of Israel who became infidels were cursed through the tongue of Daud (as) (David) & Essa (as) Christ. What an evil did they commit?

Allah rebuked those scholars because they saw the evils & corruptions in the society before their eyes & did not forbid them from that, for, their inclination towards the material gains which they received from them & for the fear from what they were harassed of.

Although Allah says “And do not be harassed by the people & have the fear of Me. 18
And again says “the faithful men & women are friends & helpers of each other. And order (each other) the good deeds & stop from evil doings'. 19

18- إعتَبِروُا أَيُّهَا النّاسُ بِما وَعَظَ اللهُ بِهِ أَولياءَهُ مِن سُوءِ ثَنائِهِ عَلَی الأَحبارِ، إِذ يَقُولُ:لَولا يَنهيهُمُ الرَّبّانِيُّونَ وَالأَحبارُ عَن قَولهِمُ الإِثم، وَقالَ: لُعِنَ الَّذينَ کَفَروا مِن بَنی إسرائيلَ-إِلی قَولِهِ - لِبَئسَ ما کانُوا يَفعَلُونَ،وَ إنَّما عابَ اللهُ ذلِکَ عَلَيهِم لِأَنَّهُم کانُوا يَرَونَ مِنَ الظَّلَمَةِ الَّذينَ بَينَ أَظهُرِهِم المُنکَرَ وَالفَسادَ فَلا يَنهَونَهُم عَن ذلِکَ رَغبَةً فيما کانوا يَنالوُنَ مِنهُم، وَرَهبَةً مِمّا يَحذَرونَ،وَاللهُ يَقُولُ: ( (فَلا تَخشَوُا الناسَ وَاخشَونِ))، وَقالَ ( (المُؤمِنُونَ وَالمُؤمِناتُ بَعضَهُم أَولياءُ بَعضٍ يَأمُروُنَ بِالمَعروُفِ وَيَنهَونَ عَنِ المُنکَرِ)). (تحف العقول ص237)

19. One who seeks the pleasure of people by displeasing Allah (SWT). Allah makes him over to the people. 20

19- مَن طَلَبَ رِضَا النّاسِ بِسَخَطِ اللهِ وَکَلَهُ اللهُ إِلی النّاسِ. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص118)

20. Take care not to maltreat (commit excess upon) anyone who does not have any helper except Allah. 21

20- اِيّاکَ وَظُلمَ مَن لا يَجِدُ عَلَيکَ ناصِراً اِلاَّ اللهَ جَلَّ وعزَّ. (بحار ج78 ص118)

21. The one who loves you forbids you (from committing evil) & the one who has enemity with you entices & allures you; (to commit evil). 22

21- مِن أَحَبَّکَ نَهاکَ وَمَن أَبغَضَکَ أَغراکَ. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص128)

22. The intellect does not achieve completion except by observance & following of the right. 23

22- لا يَکمُلُ العَقلُ إِلاّ بِاتِّباعِ الحَقِّ. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص128)

23. The company & social intercourse with the people committing transgression is (causes) blame & incredibility. 24

23- مُجالَسَةُ اَهلِ الفِسقِ رَيبَةٌ. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص122)

24. Weeping for the fear of Allah is (causes) salvation from the fire (Hell). 25

24- أَلبُکاءُ مِن خَشيَةِ اللهِ نَجاةٌ مِنَ النّارِ. (مستدرک الوسائل 294/2)

25. A man came to the chief of martyrs Imam Hussain (A.S) & said " I am a man who commits sin & do not have patience & constraining power against sin & wrongs, so admonish me with a (piece of) admonition.

Thus he (S) said Do five things & commit any sin you may wish. First is that do not eat the sustenance of Allah & do commit any sin you wish. And secondly, get out of the dominion of Allah & do perform any sin you like to & thirdly seek a place where Allah does not see you & commit any sin you please & fourthly when the angel of death come to take your soul, repel him from yourself & do any sin you may please. And fifthly when Malik (the in charge of the Hell) makes you enter the fire do not enter the fire (hell) & do any sin which you may please. 26

25- جاءَ رَجُلٌ إِلی سَيِّدِ الشُّهَداءِ وَقالَ: أنَار رجُلٌ عاصٍ،وَلا أَصِبرُ عَن المَعصِيَةِ فَعِظنی بمَوعِظَةٍ فَقَال عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ:إِفعَل خَمسَةَ أَشياءٍ وَاَذنِب ما شِئتَ، فَأَوَّلُ ذلِکَ لا تَأکُل رِزقَ اللهِ وَاَذنِب ما شِئتَ،وَالثاني اُخرُج مِن وَلايَةِ اللهِ وَأَذنِب ماشِئتَ، وَالثّالِثُ أُطلُب مَوضِعاً لا يَراکَ اللهُ وَأَذنِب ما شِئتَ، وَالرّابِعُ إِذا جاءَکَ مَلَکُ المَوتِ لِيَقبِضَ روحَکَ فَادفَعهُ عَن نَفسِکَ وَأَذنِب ما شِئتَ، أَلخامِس إِذا اَدخَلَکَ مالِک في النّارِ فَلا تَدخُل فيِ النّارِ وَأَذنِب ماشِئتَ. (بحار الانوار ج78 ص126)

26. Take care, not to do anything for which you have to apologize. Because the faithful does not commit wrong (sin) & does not apologize & the hypocrite commits sin all the days & (then) extends apologies. 27

26- اِيّاکَ وَما تَعتَذِرُ مِنهُ،فِإنَّ المُؤمِنَ لا يُسِيءُ وَلا يَعتَذِرُ، وَالمُنافِقُ کُلَّ يَومٍ يُسِيءُ وَيَعتَذِرُ. (تحف العقول ص248)

27. Hurrying & making haste is witlessness, & insanity. 28

27- اَلعَجَلَةُ سَفَهٌ. (بحار الانوار ج78 ص122)

28. Do not allow anyone to enter & (walk in) till he has saluted. 29

28- لا تَأذَنُوا لِأَحَدٍ حَتّی يُسَلِّمَ. (بحار ج78 ص117)

29. It is from the signs of ignorance to enter into dispute with those not having thought & meditation. 30

29- مِن عَلاماتِ اَسبابِ الجَهلِ اَلمُماراةُ لِغَيرِ اَهلِ الفِکرِ. (بحار ج78 ص119)

30. One of the signs of the scholar is his criticism upon his (own) speech & his awareness & knowledge pertaining to the facts about the forms of views. 31

30- مِن دَلائِلِ العالِمِ انتِقادُهُ لِحَديثِهِ وَعِلمُهُ بِحَقائِقِ فنٌونِ النَّظَرِ. (بحار الانوار ج78 ص119)

31. Emulate & compete each other in achieving the human values & rush & hasten to get the spiritual treasures. 32

31- نافِسُوا المَکارِمِ،وَسارِعُوا فِي المَغانِمِ. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص121)

32. Whoso ever has generosity becomes the chief & that one who commits parsimony & stinginess becomes degraded & objected. 33

32- مِن جادَ سادَ،وَمَن بَخِلَ رَذِلَ. (بحار ج78 ص121)

33. Most generous of the people is the one who grants to the person who does not have any expectation from him. 34

33- إِنَّ أَجوَدَ النّاسِ: مَن أَعطی مَن لا يَرجُوهُ. (بحار ج78 ص121)

34. One who removes an anguish & sorrow of a faithful, Allah grants him the deliverance from the sorrows & dejections of world & the hereafter. 35

34- مَن نَفَّسَ کُربَةَ مُؤمِن فَرَّجَ اللهُ عَنهُ کُرَبَ آلدُّنيا وَالاخِرَةِ. (بحار ج78 ص121)

35. Whenever you hear that a person reaches for the honor of the people & endeavor to dishonor the people, try hard that he does not come to know you. 36

35- إِذا سَمِعتَ أَحَداً يَتَناوَلُ أَعراضَ النّاسِ فَاجتَهِد أَن لا يَعرِفَکَ. (بلاغة الحسين/الکلمات القصار 45)

36. A person asked him “what is needlessness (wealth)?' He replied ', the fewer & lesser number of your desires & your satisfaction over what can be sufficient for your life.' 37

36- قِيلَ مَا الغِنی قالَ قِلَّةُ أَمائيکَ وَالرّضا بِما يَکفِيکَ. (معانی الاخبار ص 401)

37- لا تَرفَع حاجَتَکَ إِلاَّ الی أَحَدِ ثَلاثَةٍ :إِلی ذی دينٍ أَومُرُوَّةٍ أَو حَسَبٍ. (بحار ج78 ص118)

38. Do practice like the person who knows that he would be seized & held for committing crime & rewarded for good deed. 38

38- إِعمَل عَمَلَ رَجُلٍ يَعلَمُ أَنَّهُ مَأخوُذٌ بِالإجرامِ مَجزِیٌ بِالإحسانِ. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص127)

39. There are seventy benefactions & rewards for saluting sixty nine are for the one who initiates it & one for the replier. 39

39- لِلسّلامِ سَبعُونَ حَسَنَةً تِسع وَسِتُّونَ لِلمُبتَدِي وَواحِدَةٌ لِلرّادِّ. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص120)

40. Do not say a word about your brother in his absence which you would not like him to say during your absence. 40

40- لا تَقُولَنَّ في أَخِيکَ إِذا تَواری عَنکَ إِلاّ ما تُحِبُّ أَن يَقُولَ فِيکَ إِذا تَوارَيتَ عَنهُ. (بحارالانوار ج78 ص127)

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  • 2. Prayer of Arafaa Day, Bihar ul-Anwar, Vol. 98, P 228
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  • 15. Maqtal Khwarzami Vol. 2, P .33
  • 16. Tuhaf al-Uqul, P 24
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  • 18. Surah Maida 46
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  • 21. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78. P 118
  • 22. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 128
  • 23. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 127
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  • 32. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78. P 121
  • 33. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78. P 121
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  • 36. (Balaghat Al Hussain Alkalimatul Qisar. 45)
  • 37. Maani Al Ikhbar P 401
  • 38. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78. P 127
  • 39. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78. P 120
  • 40. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78. P 127