Glossary of Transliterations for Arabic or Urdu terms used in this Collection

Aal

family, progeny, next of kin

Aal e Rasool

Prophet's next of kin

Aamil

practitioner

Abdullah

servant of God

ahl Al Bait

worthy of the House of God

Ahlul Bayt

descendents of Prophet and his Aal

Ajr

Recompense, reward

ajr e risalat

recompense for Prophethood

Al Bait

Kaaba, House of God,

Al Balad

Aleihis salaam

city of Mecca, also chapter 90 of Quran

blessed with peace

Al Fajr

chapter 89 of Quran

Al Hamd

chapter 1 of Quran

Allah

God

Allah o Akbar

Allama

God is great

title for a very learned person

Amal

practice, procedure

Amir ul Mu’mineen

Title for Imam Ali, Commander of the Faithful

Anamta

bestowed with blessings

Asool e Din

rules of religion

Asr

Time, name of early evening prayer

Ashur

Martyrdom day,10th of Moharram

Aulia

plural of wali, friends of God

Ayaat

verses of Quran

Ayat

verse of Quran

Azadari

Mourning

Azar

relative of Prophet Abraham

Bain ul Harmain

area between two holy shrines in Karbala

Bait ul Muqaddas

Al Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem, Dome of Rock

Bani Israel

children of Israel

bara'at Istehlal

technique that expresses intention at the very start

Badr

battleground of first assault by Meccan infidels

batin

Hidden

Bibi

term of respect for women, Lady

chilla

a practice undertaken for a period of forty days

Dahwal Arz

the spreading of the Earth

darood

a prayer for blessings on Prophets and their Aal

dua

prayer, supplication

Iman

Faith

Fajr

morning, name of morning prayer

farou e Din

supplementary aspects of religion

farz

compulsory, mandatory

Firawn

Pharoah in the times of Prophet Moses

Ghadeer

place where Ali declared Maula by Prophet

Ghani

rich, self-sufficient, one of names of God

ghulam

slave, servant, assistant

Habib

loved one, title for Prophet Mohammad(pbuh)

Hadith

Tradition

Hadith al- Nabvi

Tradition of the Prophet

Hadith al- Qudsi

Tradition assosciated with God

Hadith al- Kisa

Tradition of the Cloak

Haj

Pilgrimmage to Mecca in month of Zilhaj

harf e hisar

the enclosing or restricting word

Hasnain

common name for Imams Hasan & Hussain

Hazrat

a term of respect used before a name

hisar,hisaar

Boundary

hoors

Hujjatul Islam

spouses in Heaven

Proof of Islam

Imamate

Leadership

Injeel

Bible

Innama

only, verily, no one else

Itar

Perfume

Itrat e Rasool

pure inheritors, family of the Prophet

Isa

Prophet Jesus Christ

Isha

night, night prayers

Jibrail

Angel Gabriel

Kalima

Article of faith, declaration of faith

Jihad

fighting in the way of God

Kaaba

House of God in Mecca

Kafir

infidel, non believer

Khums

one fifth (of savings for give away)

Khaleel

friend of God, title for Prophet, Abraham

Khaleelallah

Friend of God, title for Prophet, Abraham

Khatoon e Jannat

Lady of Heaven, title of Lady Fatima

Kisa

Cloak, reference to Cloak of Lady Fatima

la misla wa la nazir

no match or comparison to eminence

la ta'uddu

impossible to count

la tuh'soo

impossible to fathom

Mafateh ul Jinnan

Keys to Heavens by Sheikh Abbas Qummi

Maghzub

inflicted with wrath

Magrib

late evening, also prayer for this time

Mamun Rashid

Caliph of Baghdad, born in 786 CE

man yashri

trade, deal

Marhab

warrior who challenged Ali in Battle of Trench

Maryam

Virgin Mary

Masumeen

pure people

Maula

Master

Mehboob

loved one

Mehshar

day of Banishment

Meraj

Ascension

Milad

minbar e Hussaini

praise session for Prophet and his Aal

pulpit used for rememberance of Imam Hussain

Mu’min

Believer

Mumkin

likely to be and equally likely not to be

Musa

Prophet Moses

Moharram

Month 1 of lunar calendar

Mutahharatun

purified you

Mutahhira

clean, pure

Mutahhiraka

keep clean

Nabi

Messenger

Nahjul Balagha

book ’Peak of Eloquence’ by Al Radi

Nawafil

non mandatory, additional prayers

Nur e Moazzam

real bright light, title for last Prophet

Nuh

Prophet Noah

Nur

light, vision, insight

Prophet Younis

Prophet Jonah

Qasr

shortened, reduced

Qiam

The standing posture in prayer

Quood

The sitting posture in prayer

Quran e nataq

embodiment of the Quran, Imam Ali

quratul ain

coolant for the eye, source of bliss

Qurba

near ones, worthy relatives

Ramadan

Month 9 of lunar calendar

Ratb

soft or good

Rikat

one segment of prayer

Rooh

Spirit

Rukuh

the bending posture in prayer

Sadaat

descendents of Prophet and his Aal

Sadiq

Truthful

Safi

Chosen one, title for Prophet Adam

Sajda

prostration in prayer

Sujood

plural of sajda, several prostrations

Salam

message of peace, greeting

Sardaab

underground cellar

Saleh ul Mu’mineen

the most virtuous of all pious people

Saqlain

both the worlds

Shaban

Month 8 of the lunar calendar

Shah e Wala

King of the Sublime

Shariat

Rules of Law , rules of religion

Shahadat

martyrdom

Shawal

Month 10 of lunar calendar

Shia

those who love the Prophet and his Aal

Siraj e Munir

real bright sun, Quranic title for Last Prophet

Sunni

Followers of traditions of Last Prophet

Surah Bara'at

chapter 9 of Quran (The Immunity)

Surah Hashr

chapter 59 of Quran, (The Banishment)

Surah Ikhlas

chapter 112 of Quran, (The Unity)

Syed

Syed Al Shuhada

Leader, also term for Prophet's descendent

Leader of all martyrs

Syed ul Wasiyeen

Leader of the legatees, title for Imam Ali

Syed e Sajjad

Leader of all prostrators

Syed Shabab e Ahle Jannat

Leaders of Heaven youth, Imams Hasan & Hussain

Syed ul Anbia

Leader of all Prophets, title for Last Prophet

Syeda Nisa ul Aalimeen

taba saraah

Leader of all women , title for Lady Fatima

may God purify soil of the person's grave

Tahharake

make you pure

Tatheer

clean and pure

Tatheera

As pure as can be

Taurat

Torah

tayyammum

ablution with dust

Uhad

Battleground of second assault by infidels

Ummat

Followers

ummat e Mustafa

followers of Prophet Mohammad (pbuh)

Vajhallah

face of God

Valiallah

wali of God, ally of God

Wajib

essential, Absolute, term applicable to God only

Wasiyat

Will, irreversible wish

Wuzu

ablution with water

Yabis

dry or evil

Zabar

pronunciation mark above Arabic alphabet

Zabur

Book of Psalms, Psalms of David

Zakat

Charity

Zayr

pronunciation mark below Arabic alphabet

zibh azeem

The Great Martyrdom, (sacrifice at Karbala)

Zi'qad

Month 11 of lunar calendar

Zikr

Remembrance

Zaaleen

gone astray