The soul, in many religious, philosophical, and mythological traditions, is the incorporeal essence of a living being. Soul or psyche are the mental abilities of a living being: reason, character, feeling, consciousness, memory, perception, thinking, etc.
This presentation was based on Sermon 222 of Nahjul Balagha in which Imam Ali recited the verse "O thou man! What hath beguiled thee from thy Lord, the Most Gracious One." (Qur'an, 82:6) and he said the addressee in this verse is devoid of argument.
Books on Islam, Muslims, Prophet Muhammad(s), Ahlul Bayt.