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APPENDIX 5: Wahhabism In Contemporary Western Literature

A. Books On Wahhabism And Its Various Forms And Aspects Published By International Publishers

1. Y. H. Aboul-Enein, Militant Islamist ideology: Understanding the global threat, Annapolis, MD. Naval Institute Press, 2010.

2. Z. Abuza, Militant Islam in Southeast Asia: Crucible of terror, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2003.

3. L. Addi, and A. Roberts, Radical Arab nationalism and political Islam, Washington, D.C: Georgetown University Press, 2017.

4. V. D. Aghai, Terrorism, an Unconventional Crime: Do We Have the Wisdom and Capability to Defeat Terrorism? Xlibris Corporation, 2011.

5. S. Ahmad, ISIS: The Rise of New Terror, Book Around Publishing, 2014.

6. N. Alaolmolki, Militant Islamists: Terrorists Without Frontiers: Terrorists Without Frontiers, ABC-CLIO, 2009.

7. M. K. Al-Atawneh, Wahhabi Islam facing the challenges of modernity: Dar Al-Ifta in the modern Saudi State, Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2010.

8. H. Algar, Wahhabism: a critical essay, 1st ed., Oneonta, N.Y. Islamic Publications International, 2002.

9. T. Ali, The clash of fundamentalisms: crusades, jihads and modernity, Pbk. ed., London; New York: Verso, 2003.

10. C. Allen, God's terrorists: The Wahhabi cult and the hidden roots of modern Jihad, Da Capo Press, Inc., 2006.

11. M. Al-Rasheed, Transnational connections and the Arab Gulf, London; New York: Routledge, 2005.

12. M. Al-Rasheed, Kingdom without borders: Saudi political, religious and media frontiers, New York: Columbia University Press, 2008.

13. M. Al-Rasheed, Salman's legacy: the dilemmas of a new era in Saudi Arabia, Oxford; New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2018.

14. F. Armanios, and Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service., "The Islamic traditions of Wahhabism and Salafiyya," CRS report for Congress RS21695, Congressional Research Service Library of Congress, Distributed by Penny Hill Press, 2003.

15. A. B. Atwan, Islamic State: the digital caliphate, Oakland, California: University of California Press, 2015.

16. M. Ayoob, and H. Kosebalaban, Religion and politics in Saudi Arabia: Wahhabism and the state, Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2009.

17. P. Bascio, Defeating Islamic terrorism: an alternative strategy, Wellesley, MA: Branden Books, 2007.

18. G. Beck, It is about Islam: exposing the truth about ISIS, Al Qaeda, Iran, and the Caliphate, (The Control Series, Book 3) Threshold Editions, 2015.

19. M. Benjamin, Kingdom of the unjust: behind the U.S.-Saudi connection, New York: OR Books, 2016.

20. R. B. Betts, The Sunni-Shi'a divide: Islam's internal divisions and their global consequences, Potomac Books Inc. 2013.

21. J. Birt, “Wahhabism in the United Kingdom: Manifestations and Reactions,” Transnational connections and the Arab Gulf, pp. 168-182, Routledge, 2005.

22. G. Bonacina, The Wahhabis seen through European Eyes (1772-1830), Brill, 2015.

23. D. Byman, Al Qaeda, the Islamic State, and the global jihadist movement: What everyone needs to know, New York, New York: Oxford University Press, 2015.

24. P. Cockburn, The rise of Islamic State: ISIS and the new Sunni revolution: Verso Books, 2015.

25. D. Commins, and M. Ruthven, Islam in Saudi Arabia: Cornell University Press, 2015.

26. D. Commins, The Wahhabi Mission and Saudi Arabia, I. B. Tauris, 2006.

27. R. Davis, Western imaginings: the intellectual contest to define Wahhabism, Cairo; New York: The American University in Cairo Press, 2018.

28. N. DeLong-Bas, Wahhabism: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide: Oxford University Press, 2010.

29. N. J. DeLong-Bas, Wahhabi Islam: From revival and reform to global Jihad, New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

30. N. J. DeLong-Bas, Wahhabism, New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

31. H. A. El-Hasan, Killing the Arab Spring, New York: Algora Publishing, 2019.

32. H. Erlikh, Saudi Arabia and Ethiopia: Islam, Christianity, and politics entwined, Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2007.

33. J. L. Esposito, Unholy war: Terror in the name of Islam: Oxford University Press, USA, 2003.

34. T. K. Firro, Wahhabism in tribal Arabia: politics, power and religion in the rise of Al-Saud, London: I.B. Tauris, 2013.

35. T. K. Firro, Wahhabism and the rise of the House of Saud, Brighton; Portland: Sussex Academic Press, 2018.

36. B. H. Fishman, The Master Plan: ISIS, Al-Qaeda, and the Jihadi Strategy for Final Victory, Yale University Press, 2016.

37. S. Gale, The War on Terrorism: 21st-century Perspectives, Routledge, 2017.

38. F. A. Gerges, ISIS: A History, Princeton University Press, 2017.

39. D. Gold, Hatred's kingdom: Saudi Arabia, Wahhabism, and the rise of global terrorism, Washington, DC: Regnery Pub, 2003.

40. D. Gold, Hatred's kingdom: How Saudi Arabia supports the new global terrorism: Regnery Publishing, 2004.

41. B. Heing, ISIS Brides, Enslow Publishing, LLC, 2017.

42. B. Heing, Cultural Destruction by ISIS, Enslow Publishing, LLC, 2017.

43. C. Hellmich, Knowing Al-Qaeda: the epistemology of terrorism, Routledge, 2016.

44. A. Ibrahim, Radical origins: Why we are losing the battle against Islamic extremism--and how to turn the tide, First Pegasus books edition. ed., New York: Pegasus Books, 2017.

45. A. Iddrisu, Contesting Islam in Africa: homegrown Wahhabism and Muslim identity in northern Ghana, 1920-2010, Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2013.

46. D. M. Jones, Globalisation and the new terror: the Asia Pacific dimension: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2004.

47. P. Kamolnick, The Al-Qaeda Organization and the Islamic State Organization: History, Doctrine, Modus, Operandi, and US Policy to Degrade and Defeat Terrorism Conducted in the Name of Sunni Islam: Strategic Studies Institute, United States Army War College, 2017.

48. R. Labeviere, and R. Labévière, Dollars for Terror: The United States and Islam, Algora Publishing, 2000.

49. J. R. Macris, Investigating the ties between Muhammed ibn Abd Al-Wahhab, early Wahhabism, and ISIS, Routledge, 2016.

50. C. D. Malbouisson, Focus on Islamic issues, New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2007.

51. C. Mallampalli, A Muslim Conspiracy in British India?, Cambridge University Press, 2017.

52. P. Margulies, Al Qaeda: Osama bin Laden’s Army of Terrorists: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc, 2002.

53. T. Matthiesen, The Other Saudis: Shiism, Dissent and Sectarianism, Cambridge University Press, 2014.

54. J. McBrien, “Extreme conversations: secularism, religious pluralism, and the rhetoric of Islamic extremism in Southern Kyrgyzstan” The Postsocialist Religious Question: Faith and Power in Central Asia and East-Central Europe (Halle Studies in the Anthropology of Eurasia), pp. 47-73. LIT Verlag Münster, 2006.

55. K. Morrison, Wahhabism in the Balkans, Shrivenham: Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Advanced Research and Assessment Group, 2008.

56. N. Mouline, The clerics of Islam: Religious authority and political power in Saudi Arabia, Yale University Press, 2014.

57. L. Murawiec, Princes of darkness: The Saudi assault on the West, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2005.

58. D. R. Nagunian, Saudi Arabia: A hotbed of unrest? New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2009.

59. N. Nahouza, Wahhabism and the rise of the new Salafists: theology, power and Sunni Islam, London: I.B. Tauris & Co. Ltd, 2018.

60. N. Nahouza, and E. University of, Contemporary Wahhabism rebranded as Salafism: the issue of interpreting the Qur'anic verses and hadith on the Attributes of God and its significance: University of Exeter, 2009.

61. L. Napoleoni, Merchants of Men: How Jihadists and ISIS Turned Kidnapping and Refugee Trafficking into a Multi-Billion Dollar Business: Seven Stories Press, 2016.

62. A. S. Pasha, Wahhabism and its refutation by the Ahl As-Sunna, S.N. Publishers, 1977.

63. A. Perkins, Trailblazers in politics, First edition. ed., New York: Rosen Publishing, 2015.

64. D. Perlmutter, Investigating religious terrorism and ritualistic crimes: CRC Press, 2003.

65. E. Peskes, Wahhabism: doctrine and development, Berlin, Germany: Gerlach Press, 2016.

66. S. K. Rath, Fragile Frontiers: The Secret History of Mumbai Terror Attacks: Routledge India, 2015.

67. M. R. Ronczkowski, Terrorism and organized hate crime: Intelligence gathering, analysis and investigations: CRC Press, 2017.

68. S. Schwartz, The two faces of Islam: Saudi fundamentalism and its role in terrorism: Anchor, 2003.

69. M. J. Sedgwick, Islam & Muslims: A guide to diverse experience in a modern world, Boston: Nicholas Brealey Pub., 2006.

70. A. Shahi, The politics of truth management: the case of Wahhabism in Saudi Arabia, Routledge, 2013.

71. S. Shay, Islamic terror and the Balkans: Routledge, 2017.

72. K. E. Shienbaum, and J. Hasan, Beyond jihad: Critical voices from inside Islam, Bethesda, MD: Academica Press, LLC, 2006.

73. G. L. Simpson, Force and Fanaticism: Wahhabism in Saudi Arabia and Beyond, by Simon Ross Valentine, Routledge, 2016.

74. H. Solomon, Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism in Africa: Fighting Insurgency from Al Shabaab, Ansar Dine and Boko Haram, Palgrave Macmillan, 2015

75. C. Townsend, ISIS Hostages: Enslow Publishing, LLC, 2017.

76. H. Turku, The Destruction of Cultural Property as a Weapon of War: ISIS in Syria and Iraq, Springer, 2017.

77. U. Ulutaş, The State of Savagery: ISIS in Syria: SET Vakfı İktisadi İşletmesi, 2016.

78. S. R. Valentine, Force and fanaticism: Wahhabism in Saudi Arabia and beyond, Oxford University Press, 2015.

79. A. M. Vasilev, The history of Saudi Arabia, London: Saqi Books, 1998.

80. E. R. Wald, Saudi, Inc.: The Arabian kingdom's pursuit of profit and power, New York: Pegasus Books, 2018.

81. J. Warrick, Black flags: The rise of ISIS, Anchor Publishers, 2016.

82. M. Weiss, and H. Hassan, ISIS: Inside the Army of Terror (updated edition): Simon and Schuster, 2016.

83. R. Wise, al Shabaab, Case Study Series, Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2011.

84. L. Zoja, and D. L. Williams, Jungian reflections on September 11: A global nightmare, Einsiedeln Switzerland: Daimon Verlag, 2002.

85. A. H. Al-Fahad, "The ˋImama vs. the ˋIqal: Hadari—Bedouin Conflict and the Formation of the Saudi State," Counter-Narratives, pp. 35-75, New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.

86. K. M. Bakke, and J. T. Checkel, "Copying and learning from outsiders? Assessing diffusion from transnational insurgents in the Chechen wars," Transnational Dynamics of Civil War, pp. 31-62, Cambridge University Press, 2014.

87. D. Commins, "Saudi Arabia, southern Arabia and the Gulf states from the First World War," The New Cambridge History of Islam, pp. 451-480, Cambridge University Press, 2000.

88. D. Commins, B. Haykel, T. Hegghammer et al., "From Wahhabi to Salafi," Saudi Arabia in Transition, Insights on Social, Political, Economic and Religious Change, pp. 151-166, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015.

89. P. Dresch, "Arabia to the end of the First World War," The New Cambridge History of Islam, pp. 134-153, Cambridge University Press, 2000.

90. R. Geaves, "Learning the lessons from the neo-revivalist and Wahhabi movements: The counterattack of new Sufi movements in the UK," Sufism in the West, pp. 142-159, Routledge, 2006.

91. M. R. Habeck, "Knowing the enemy: Jihadist ideology and the war on terror," The Theory and Practice of Islamic Terrorism, pp. 65-68, Springer, 2008.

92. J. Hanssen, "History, heritage and modernity: cities in the Muslim world between destruction and reconstruction," The New Cambridge History of Islam, pp. 521-548, Cambridge University Press, 2000.

93. R. Marchal, and Z. M. Sheikh, "Ahlu Sunna wAl-Jama’a in Somalia," Muslim Ethiopia, pp. 215-239, New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.

94. J. Maskivker, C. López-Guerra, and J. Maskivker, "A SociAl-Psychological Theory for Female Suicide Bombings," Rationality, Democracy, and Justice, pp. 115-142, Cambridge University Press, 2014.

95. J. McMillan, "Saudi Arabia and Iraq - Oil, religion, and an enduring rivalry," Regional Influences on Iraq (Politics and Economics of the Middle East Series), pp. 269-291, Nova Science Pub Inc., 2010.

96. L. G. Mincheva, and T. R. Gurr, "Unholy alliances: Evidence on linkages between trans-state terrorism and crime networks: The case of Bosnia," Transnational Terrorism, Organized Crime and Peace-Building, pp. 190-206: Springer, 2010.

97. N. Mouline, B. Haykel, T. Hegghammer et al., "Enforcing and Reinforcing the State’s Islam," Saudi Arabia in Transition, Insights on Social, Political, Economic and Religious Change, pp. 48-68, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015.

98. S. S. Pattanaik, "Islamist extremism and the terror network in Bangladesh," Religion and Security in South and Central Asia, pp. 108-126: Routledge, 2010.

99. O. Roy, "Islamic revival and democracy: The case in Tunisia and Egypt," Arab Society in Revolt: The West's Mediterranean Challenge, pp. 47-52, Brookings Institution Press, 2012.

100. A. Siddiqa, M.A. Hassan, A. Khan. Saudi–Israeli Nexus: Implications for Iran. Monograph. Center for Iranian Studies in Ankara. 2019.

101. D. Simeunović, and A. Dolnik, "Security Threats of Violent Islamist Extremism and Terrorism for South East Europe and Beyond," Shaping South East Europe’s Security Community for the Twenty-First Century, pp. 87-113: Springer, 2013.

102. A. Speckhard, and K. Akhmedova, "Black widows and beyond: Understanding the motivations and life trajectories of Chechen female terrorists," Female Terrorism and Militancy, pp. 114-135: Routledge, 2007.

103. R. Spencer, The History of Jihad: From Muhammad to ISIS, Bombardier Books, 2019.

104. Z. E. Ünsal, "Terrorism, radicalism and IS in the case of Muslim population in SEEC," Countering Terrorist Activities in Cyberspace, pp. 63-80, IOS Press, 2018.

105. A. Wahid, "Right Islam vs. wrong Islam: Muslims and non-Muslims must unite to defeat the Wahhabi ideology," The Theory and Practice of Islamic Terrorism, pp. 113-117: Springer, 2008.

106. B. G. Williams, "Crushing Wahhabi fundamentalists in central Asia and the Caucasus: Subplot to the global struggle against al Qaida or suppression of legitimate religious opposition?" New Religious Movements in the Twenty-First Century: Legal, Political, and Social Challenges in Global Perspective, pp. 129-148, Routledge, 2004.

B. Scholarly Articles On Wahhabism And Its Various Aspects Published In Peer Reviewed International Journals

1. A’la A. The genealogy of Muslim radicalism in Indonesia: A study of the roots and characteristics of the padri movement. Journal of Indonesian Islam 2008; 2 2:267-99.

2. Abuza Z. Tentacles of Terror: Al Qaeda's Southeast Asian Network. Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal of International & Strategic Affairs 2002; 24 3:7-18.

3. Abuza Z. Funding terrorism in Southeast Asia: the financial network of Al Qaeda and Jemaah Islamiya. Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal of International and Strategic Affairs 2003; 25 2:169-99.

4. Akaev V. Religious and political elites in the Northern Caucasus: Formation, ideological contradictions, and practical opposition. Central Asia and the Caucasus 2013; 15 1:77-89.

5. Al-Atawneh M. Wahhabi Legal Theory as Reflected in Modern Official Saudi Fatwas: Ijtihad, Taqlid, Sources, and Methodology. Islamic Law and Society 2011; 18 3-4:327-55.

6. Al-Atawneh M. Wahhabi Self-Examination Post-9/11: Rethinking the ‘Other’, ‘Otherness’ and Tolerance. Middle Eastern Studies 2011; 47 2:255-71.

7. Al-Fahad AH. From exclusivism to accommodation: Doctrinal and legal evolution of Wahhabism. New York University Law Review 2004; 79 2:485-519.

8. Al-Ibrahim B. ISIS, Wahhabism and Takfir. Contemporary Arab Affairs 2015; 8 3:408-15.

9. Al-Jarbou A. The Role of Traditionalists and Modernists on the Development of the Saudi Legal System. Arab Law Quarterly 2007; 21 3:191-229.

10. Allen C. The hidden roots of Wahhabism in British India. World Policy Journal 2005; 22 2:87-93.

11. Alonso R, García Rey M. The evolution of jihadist terrorism in Morocco. Terrorism and Political Violence 2007; 19 4:571-92.

12. Alvi H. The diffusion of intra-Islamic violence and terrorism: The impact of the proliferation of Salafi/Wahhabi ideologies. Middle East Review of International Affairs (Online) 2014; 18 2:38.

13. Antúnez JC, Tellidis I. The power of words: the deficient terminology surrounding Islam-related terrorism. Critical Studies on Terrorism 2013; 6 1:118-39.

14. Antwi-Boateng O. The Rise of Pan-Islamic Terrorism in Africa: A Global Security Challenge. Politics & Policy 2017; 45 2:253-84.

15. Azumah J. Boko Haram in Retrospect. Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations 2014; 26 1:33-52.

16. Bagby I. The American Mosque in Transition: Assimilation, Acculturation and Isolation. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 2009; 35 3:473-90.

17. Bahari B, Ahmad MBS. Neo-Wahhabism: Ideological basis of Islamic Military Groups. GSTF Journal of Law and Social Sciences (JLSS) 2017; 1 1:20-23.

18. Balci B. Between Sunnism and Shiism: Islam in post-Soviet Azerbaijan. Central Asian Survey 2004; 23 2:205-17.

19. Bardos GN. Terror Crossroads. World Affairs 2016; 179 1:81-8.

20. Barnett C. Islam in Saudi Arabia. Political Science Quarterly 2016; 131 4:893-5.

21. Bendle MF. Secret Saudi funding of radical Islamic groups in Australia. National Observer 2007; 72:7-18.

22. Benthall J. Puripetal Force in the Charitable Field. Asian Ethnology 2016; 75 1:29-51.

23. Bobrovnikov V. ‘Ordinary Wahhabism’ versus ‘Ordinary Sufism’? Filming Islam for Postsoviet Muslim Young People. Religion, State and Society 2011; 39 2-3:281-301.

24. Botha A. Terrorism in the Maghreb: The transnationalisation of domestic terrorism. Institute for Security Studies Monographs 2008; Series 144: pp.236

25. Brigaglia A. A Contribution to the History of the Wahhabi ‘Da'wa’ in West Africa: The Career and the Murder of Sheikh Ja'far Mahmoud Adam (Daura, ca. 1961/1962–Kano 2007). Islamic Africa 2012; 3 1:1-23.

26. Bröning M. Don't fear the Shiites the idea of a Teheran-controlled ‘Shiite crescent’ over the greater Middle East is at odds with reality. Internationale Politik und Gesellschaft 2008; 3:60-75.

27. Brown LC. Religion and Politics in Saudi Arabia: Wahhabism and the State. Foreign Affairs 2009; 88 3:179-80.

28. Bryden M. No quick fixes: coming to terms with terrorism, Islam, and statelessness in Somalia. Journal of Conflict Studies 2003; 23 2:24-56.

29. Burki SK. Ceding the Ideological Battlefield to Al Qaeda: The Absence of an Effective U.S. Information Warfare Strategy. Comparative Strategy 2009; 28 4:349-66.

30. Burki SK. The Creeping Wahhabization in Pukhtunkhwa: The Road to 9/11. Comparative Strategy 2011; 30 2:154-76.

31. Byman D. Passive sponsors of terrorism. Survival 2005; 47 4:117-44.

32. Byrd AR. Interpreting ISIS: Four Recent Works on the History and Strategy of the Islamic State. Review of Middle East Studies 2017; 51 2:240-8.

33. Camara MS. Nation building and the politics of Islamic internationalism in Guinea: toward an understanding of Muslims’ experience of globalization in Africa. Contemporary Islam 2007; 1 2:155-72.

34. Chelin R, Mngomezulu BR. Unravelling Al Qaeda terrorism in the Maghreb region. African Renaissance 2015; 12 1:107-28.

35. Choksy CE, Choksy JK. The Saudi connection: Wahhabism and global jihad. World Affairs 2015; 178 1:23-35.

36. Cordesman AH. Saudi Arabia: friend or foe in the war on terror? Middle East Policy 2006; 13 1:28-41.

37. Crawford MJ. The Daʿwa of Ibn ʿAbd Al-Wahhab before the Al Saʿud. Journal of Arabian Studies 2011; 1 2:147-61.

38. Crawford MJ, Facey WHD. ʿAbd Allah Al Saʿud and Muhammad ʿAli Pasha: The Theatre of Victory, the Prophet’s Treasures, and the Visiting Whig, Cairo 1818. Journal of Arabian Studies 2017; 7 1:44-62.

39. Crooke, A, You Can't Understand ISIS If You Don't Know the History of Wahhabism in Saudi Arabia, New Perspectives Quarterly, 2015; 32 1:56–70.

40. Darboe M. Gambia. African Studies Review 2014; 47 2:73-82.

41. Darwich M. The Ontological (In)security of Similarity Wahhabism Versus Islamism in Saudi Foreign Policy. Foreign Policy Analysis 2016; 12 3:469-88.

42. Dekmejian R. The liberal impulse in Saudi Arabia. The Middle East Journal 2003; 57 3:400-13.

43. Diagne SB. Of Reciting and Reading. Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 2015; 35 3:666-71.

44. Dobaev I. Radical Wahhabism as an extremist religious-political ideology. Central Asia and the Caucasus 2002; 16 4:128-38.

45. Dogra SA. Living a piety-led life beyond Muharram: Becoming or being a South Asian Shia Muslim in the UK. Contemporary Islam 2019; 13 3:307-24.

46. Dorsey JM. Saudi Arabia and Iran: The Battle for Hegemony that the Kingdom Cannot Win. Przegląd Strategiczny 2016; 9 9:357-73.

47. Eden J. Did Ibn Saud’s militants cause 400,000 casualties? Myths and evidence about the Wahhabi conquests, 1902–1925. British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 2018; 46 4:519-34.

48. Emerson S, Levin J. Terrorism financing: origination, organization, and prevention: Saudi Arabia, terrorist financing and the war on terror. United States Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs, The Investigative Project Report, July 31, 2003; pp. 45.

49. Evered EO. Rereading Ottoman Accounts of Wahhabism as Alternative Narratives: Ahmed Cevdet Pasa's Historical Survey of the Movement. Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 2012; 32 3:622-32.

50. Farquhar M. Saudi Petrodollars, Spiritual Capital, and the Islamic University of Medina: A Wahhabi Missionary Project in Transnational Perspective. International Journal of Middle East Studies 2015; 47 4:701-21.

51. Fedorov E. The Islamic State of Iraq and Al-Sham: The Group’s Nation-Building Project through the Instrumental Use of Violence. McGill Journal of Political Studies 2016; 7:32-9.

52. Firro TK. The Political Context of Early Wahhabi Discourse of Takfir. Middle Eastern Studies 2013; 49 5:770-89.

53. Furlan M. Israeli–Saudi Relations in a Changed and Changing Middle East: Growing Cooperation? Israel Journal of Foreign Affairs 2019; 13 2:173-87.

54. Fürtig H. Saudi Arabia: Giving in to terror? Geographische Rundschau 2005; 57 11:48-51.

55. Garner DW, McFarland RL. Suing Islam: Tort, Terrorism and the House of Saud. Oklahoma Law Review 2007; 60 2:223-281.

56. Geaves R. ‘That which we have forgotten’: The emergence of ‘Traditional Islam’ as a new movement in global Muslim religious contestation. Journal for the Academic Study of Religion 2013; 26 1:29-50.

57. Gomes ADT, Mikhael MM. Terror or Terrorism? Al-Qaeda and the Islamic State in Comparative Perspective. Brazilian Political Science Review 2018; 12 1:1-27.

58. Gould R. The modernity of premodern Islam in contemporary Daghestan. Contemporary Islam 2010; 5 2:161-83.

59. Gould R. Secularism and Belief in Georgia's Pankisi Gorge. Journal of Islamic Studies 2011; 22 3:339-73.

60. Gregory S. The ISI and the War on Terrorism. Studies on Conflict and Terrorism 2007; 30 12:1013-1031.

61. Hadler J. A Historiography of Violence and the Secular State in Indonesia: Tuanku Imam Bondjol and the Uses of History. The Journal of Asian Studies 2008; 67 03:971-1010.

62. Hamdan AM. Secularism in the Middle East, Palestine as an Example. Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 2011; 31 1:120-3.

63. Hamid AFA, Fauzi A. ISIS in Southeast Asia: Internalized Wahhabism is a major factor. ISEAS Perspective 2016; 16:1-10.

64. Haron Z, Hussin N. A study of the Salafi jihadist doctrine and the interpretation of jihad by al jama'ah al islamiyah. Kemanusiaan 2013; 20 2:15-37.

65. Hasan N. The Failure of the Wahhabi Campaign. South East Asia Research 2018; 18 4:675-705.

66. Hegghammer T. Terrorist recruitment and radicalization in Saudi Arabia. Middle East Policy 2006; 13 4:39-60.

67. Helfont S. Islam in Saudi Foreign Policy: The Case of Maʿruf Al-Dawalibi. The International History Review 2019:1-16.

68. Hellmich C. Al-Qaeda—terrorists, hypocrites, fundamentalists? The view from within. Third World Quarterly 2005; 26 1:39-54.

69. Hellmich C. Creating the ideology of al Qaeda: from Hypocrites to Salafi-Jihadists. Studies on Conflict and Terrorism 2008; 31 2:111-24.

70. Hitman G. Saudi Arabia's Wahhabism and Nationalism: The Evolution of Wataniyya into Qawmiyya. Digest of Middle East Studies 2018; 27 1:79-96.

71. Horsman S. Themes in official discourses on terrorism in Central Asia. Third World Quarterly 2005; 26 1:199-213.

72. Hussain I. Fundamentalism and Bangladesh. South Asian Survey 2016; 14 2:207-229.

73. Jackson R. Constructing enemies: ‘Islamic terrorism’ in political and academic discourse. Government and Opposition 2007; 42 3:394-426.

74. Jamilah M, Fikra HU, Harza Z. Facilitating Conditions of Saudi Arabia–Israel Normalization in 2015-2018. Journal of Diplomacy and International Studies 2019; 2 01:38-51.

75. Jordan J, Horsburgh N. Mapping jihadist terrorism in Spain. Studies on Conflict and Terrorism 2005; 28 3:169-91.

76. Kabha M, Erlich H. Al-Ahbash and Wahhabiyya: Interpretations of Islam. International Journal of Middle East Studies 2006; 38 4:519-38.

77. Karabulatova I, Polekhina M, Lyausheva S, Dubinina N. How the discourse of Sufism became the expressive discourse of Islamic radicalism in the regions of “popular Islam” in Russia. Central Asia and the Caucasus 2017; 18 4:92-8.

78. Karagöz M. September 11: A New Type of Terrorism. Journal of International Affairs, VII 2002:25-33.

79. Kayaoglu T. Explaining Interfaith Dialogue in the Muslim World. Politics and Religion 2015; 8 2:236-62.

80. Kepel G. The Arab world in turmoil. A conversation with Gilles Kepel. Herodote 2016; 160-161:85-96.

81. Khan M. The Globalization of Wahhabism- A Theology of Hate. Fellowship 2003; 69 7-8:14-15.

82. Khashan H. The spiritual Utopia of Islamic historical determinism. Arab World Geographer 2006; 9 3:155-67.

83. Klass D, Goss R. The politics of grief and continuing bonds with the dead: the cases of Maoist China and Wahhabi Islam. Death Studies 2003; 27 9:787-811.

84. Knysh A. A clear and present danger:" Wahhabism" as a rhetorical foil. Die Welt des Islams 2004; 44 1:3-26.

85. Kobo O. The Development of Wahhabi Reforms in Ghana and Burkina Faso, 1960–1990: Elective Affinities between Western-Educated Muslims and Islamic Scholars. Comparative Studies in Society and History 2009; 51 3:502-532.

86. Kotovcevski M. Wahhabism in The Balkans-Islamic threat or threat to the Islam. Security Dialogues 2013; 4 1:11-23.

87. Kovács A. The ‘new jihadists’ and the visual turn from Al-Qa’ida to ISIL/ISIS/Da’ish. Bitzpol Affairs 2014; 2 5:47-69.

88. Lacroix S. Between Islamists and Liberals: Saudi Arabia's New “Islamo-Liberal” Reformists. The Middle East Journal 2004; 58 3:345-65.

89. Lanskoy M. Daghestan and Chechnya: The Wahhabi challenge to the State. SAIS Review 2002; 22 2:167-92.

90. Lewis P. Only connect: Can the ulema address the crisis in the transmission of Islam to a new generation of South Asians in Britain? Contemporary South Asia 2006; 15 2:165-80.

91. Liu JH, Woodward M. Towards an indigenous psychology of religious terrorism with global implications: Introduction to AJSP's Special Issue on Islamist terrorism in Indonesia. Asian Journal of Social Psychology 2013; 16 2:79-82.

92. Lohlker R. Excluding the Other: Wahhabism, Salafism, Jihadism, and Political Islam. Totalitarismus und Demokratie 2017; 14 2:265-89.

93. Lopez KJ, Schwartz S. Roots of "Islamic" Terrorism. Crime and Justice International 2003; 19 70:23-6.

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