Ghadir Khumm
in the Qur'an, Hadith, History

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* Ibn Kathir, Al-Bidayah wa'l-Nihayah
* Ibn Kathir, Tafsir al-Qur'an al-`Azim
* al-Khatib al-Baghdadi, Ta'rikh Baghdad
* Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, Al-Durr al-Manthur
* al-Alusi al-Baghdadi, Ruh al-Ma`ani
* Abu Nu`aym al-'Isfahani, Ma nazala min al-Qur'an fi `Ali
* Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, al-'Itqan
* Sulaym b. Qays al-Hilali, Asl Sulaym b. Qays
* al-Khatib al-Khawarazmi, Kitab al-Manaqib
* al-Juwayni al-Hamawayni, Fara'id al-Samtayn
* Ibn al-Maghazili, al-Manaqib
* Sibt b. al-Jawzi, Tadhkirat khawass al-'ummah
* al-Badakhshi, Miftah al-naja
* Ibn Haddad al-Haskani, Shawahid al-tanzil
* al-Natanzi, al-Khasa'is al-`Alawiyyah
* Sayyid Shahab al-Din Ahmad, Tawdih al-Dala'il
* Abu al-Hasan Sharif, Diya' al-`Alamin
* al-Qatifi, al-Firqat al-najiyah

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Contexts

Narrations that mention the revelation of Qur'anic verse 5:3
'Today I have perfected your religion and completed my favour upon you...'

Windows arabic
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Chains of Transmission for this context in All books
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S338 al-Alusi al-Baghdadi, Mahmud b. `Abd Allah, Shihab al-Din Abu al-Thana al-Husayni al-Alusi al-Shafi`i Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
Ruh al-Ma`ani  
Unidentified edition,   vol. 2, p. 249   
 

C49 Abu Sa`id al-Khudri, Sa`d b. Malik al-Ansari
(d. 74 AH/693 CE)
Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
L21


أخرج الشيعة عن أبي سعيد الخدري ان هذه الآية نزلت بعد أن قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم لعلي كرم الله وجهه في غدير خم: من ‏كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه. فلما نزلت قال عليه الصلاة والسلام: ألله أكبر على إكمال الدين، وإتمام النعمة، ورضى الرب برسالتي، ‏وولاية علي كرم الله تعالى وجهه بعدي. ولا يخفى أن هذا من مفترياتهم، وركاكة الخبر شاهد على ذلك في مبتدا الامر. --- [قال ‏الأميني: ونحن لا نحتمل ان الآلوسي لم يقف على طرق الحديث ورواته حتى حداه الجهل الشائن إلى عزو الرواية إلى الشيعة فحسب، ‏لكن بواعثه دعته إلى التمويه والجلبة أمام تلك الحقيقة الراهنة، وهو لا يحسب ان ورائه من يناقشه الحساب بعد الاطلاع على كتب ‏أهل السنة ورواياتهم. ألا مسائل هذا الرجل عن تخصيصه الرواية بالشيعة؟ وقد عرفت من رواها من أئمة الحديث وقادة التفسير وحملة ‏التاريخ من غيرهم. ثم عن حصره إسناد الحديث بأبي سعيد؟ وقد مضت رواية أبي هريرة وجابر بن عبدالله ومجاهد والامامين الباقر ‏والصادق عليهما السلام له. ثم عن الركاكة التي حسبها في الحديث وجعلها شاهدا على كونه من مفتريات الشيعة أهي في لفظه؟ ولا ‏يعدوه أن يكون لدة ساير الاحاديث المروية وهو خال عن أي تعقيد، أو ضعف في الاسلوب، أو تكلف في البيان، أو تنافر في ‏التركيب، جار على مجازي العربية ألمحضة. أو في معناه؟ وليس فيه منها شيئ غير أن يقول الآلوسي: إن ما يروى في فضل أميرالمؤمنين ‏عليه السلام وما يسند إليه من فضايل كلها ركيكة لانها في فضله، وهذا هو النصب المسف بصاحبه إلى هرة الهلكة وليت شعري ما ‏ذنب الشيعة إن رووا صحيحا وعضدتهم على ذلك رواياة أهل السنة؟ غير ان الناصب مع ذلك يتيه في غلوائه، ويجاثيك على العناد ‏فيقول: أخرج الشيعة إلخ. ولا يخفى ان هذا من مفترياتهم. إلخ. وبوسعنا الآن أن نسرد لك الاحاديث الركيكة التي شحن بها كتابه ‏الضخم حتى يميز الناقد المنصف الركيك من غيره لكنا نمر عليها كراما. --- كلآ إنه تذكرة فمن شآء ذكره وما يذكرون إلا أن يشآء ‏الله "سورة المدثر"]‏



The Shi’a quoted Abu Sa`id al-Khudri as saying: “This verse was sent down on the day of Ghadir Khumm after the Prophet had said to 'Ali - may Allah honor him - earlier: ‘For whoever I am his master (mawla), 'Ali is his master (mawla)’. After receiving it the Prophet [s] said: ‘ Glory be to Allah for the perfection of the religion, the completion of the favor, His satisfaction with my mission and for choosing 'Ali ibn Abi Talib as my successor.’ Obviously, this is one of their lies. The poorness of the story is an initial attestation of that.”

[Al-Amini said: It is inconceivable that al-Alusi did not come to know the chains of transmission of the tradition and its relaters, but it was his ignorance that instigated him to ascribe relating it to the Shi’a alone. His motives, rather, were behind his attempt to falsify that established fact not thinking that there are people who will hold him responsible after studying Sunni resources and traditions. Having learned about who related it from the masters of Tradition, the leading commentators, the guardians of history and others, isn’t there anyone who holds this man responsible for restricting this tradition to Shi’a? This also applies to his restricting its relaters to Abu Sa`id despite the presence of the versions related by Abu Hurayra, Jabir, Mujahid and both Imam al-Baqir and Imam al-Sadiq (s). Is the 'poorness' he imagined in the narration - which he claimed to be a testimony to it being among the lies of the Shi’a - in the wording? It is the same as the other traditions: It is plain, its style is not weak, its manner is not unnatural, it is not incongruous and it is analogous to pure Arabic. Or, is the 'poorness' in its meaning? It has none, unless he claims that all traditions mentioning the superiority of the merits of Imam 'Ali are poor just because they speak of his superiority! This is the kind of enmity that will ruin its doer! The nasib (one who manifests enmity to Ahl ul-Bayt) is nevertheless proud of exceeding the proper limits and he insists on stubbornness saying what he said about that tradition. All the Shi’a did wrong is relate an authentic tradition backed by versions related by Sunni scholars. I can mention to you right here the poor traditions he filled his book with and let the just critic judge which one of them is poor and which one is not, but I prefer to overlook them generously. -- "Nay, this surely is an admonition: Let any who will, keep it in remembrance! But none will keep it in remembrance except as Allah wills: He is the Lord of Righteousness, and the Lord of Forgiveness. 74: 54,55,56"]


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