Ghadir Khumm
in the Qur'an, Hadith, History

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* Ibn Hanbal, Al-Musnad
* Ibn Hanbal, Manaqib `Ali b. Abi Talib
* al-Hakim al-Naysaburi, al-Mustadrak
* Ibn Kathir, Al-Bidayah wa'l-Nihayah
* Ibn Majah, Sunan
* al-Nasa'i, Al-Khasa'is
* al-Khatib al-Tabrizi, Mishkat al-Masabih
* al-Haythami, Majma` al-Zawa`id
* Ibn `Abd al-Barr, Al-Isti`ab fi ma`rifat al-ashab
* Ibn `Abd Rabbih, Al-`Iqd al-Farid
* Ibn Abi Shaybah, Al-Musannaf
* Ibn `Asakir, Ta'rikh Dimashq (Ta'rikh al-Kabir)
* Ibn al-'Athir, `Ali b. Muhammad, Usd al-ghaba
* Ibn Hajar al-Makki, Al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqa
* Ibn Hibban, Sahih Ibn Hibban
* al-Khatib al-Baghdadi, Ta'rikh Baghdad
* al-Mas`udi, Muruj al-dhahab
* al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Kanz al-`ummal
* Fakhr al-Din al-Razi, Mafatih al-Ghayb
* al-Shahrastani al-Shafi`i, Al-Milal wa'l-Nihal
* Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, Tarikh al-Khulafa'
* al-Tabarani, Al-Mu`jam al-Kabir
* al-Tabarani, Al-Mu`jam al-Saghir
* Nur al-Din al-Halabi al-Shafi`i, al-Sira al-Halabiyya
* Al-Mizzi, Tuhfat al-ashraf bi-ma`rifat al-atraf
* Ibn al-Jazari, Asna al-Matalib
* Abu Ya`la al-Musali, Musnad
* al-Tahawi, Mushkil al-athar
* Muhibb al-Din al-Tabari, Riyad al-Nadirah
* `Abd al-Haqq al-Dihlawi, al-Lama`at
* al-Zurqani, Sharh al-Muwahib al-ladunniyyah
* Al-Tha`labi, Tafsir Kashf wa'l-bayan
* al-Alusi al-Baghdadi, Ruh al-Ma`ani
* Abu Bakr al-Bazzar, Musnad
* al-Tha`alibi, Thimar al-qulub
* al-Qadi `Iyad, al-Shifa'
* al-Munawi, Fayd al-qadir
* `Abd al-Haqq al-Dihlawi, Madarij al-nubuwwah
* Wali Allah al-Dihlawi, Qurrat al-`aynayn
* Ibn Hajar al-Makki, al-Minah al-Makkiyyah
* Abu Nu`aym al-'Isfahani, Akhbar Isbahan
* al-Maqrizi, al-Khitat
* Abu Nu`aym al-'Isfahani, Ma nazala min al-Qur'an fi `Ali
* Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, al-'Azhar fi ma `aqdahu al-shu`ara' min al-'ash`ar
* Ibn Abi al-Hadid al-Mu`tazili, Sharh Nahj al-Balaghah
* al-Samhudi al-Shafi`i, Jawahir al­`iqdayn
* al-Yafi`i, Mir'at al-jinan
* Ibn al-Sabbagh al-Maliki, al-Fusul al-muhimmah
* al-Hakim al-Tirmidhi, Nawadir al-usul
* Abu `Abd Allah al-Muhamili al-Dabbi, al-'Amali
* Nizam al-Din al-Naysaburi, Ghara'ib al-Qur'an
* Al-Sanusi, Sharh Sahih Muslim
* Shihab al-Din al-Khafaji, Nasim al-riyad
* al-Shabarhayti al-Maliki, Futuhat al-wahabiyyah
* al-Samhudi al-Shafi`i, Wafa' al-wafa'
* al-Kharkushi, Sharaf al-Mustafa
* al-Khatib al-Khawarazmi, Kitab al-Manaqib
* al-Juwayni al-Hamawayni, Fara'id al-Samtayn
* al-Balkhi al-Qunduzi, Yanabi` al-mawaddah
* Ibn al-Maghazili, al-Manaqib
* al-Kanji al-Shafi`i, Kifayat al-Talib
* al-Shaykhani al-Qadiri, Sirat al-sawi
* Sibt b. al-Jawzi, Tadhkirat khawass al-'ummah
* Ibn al-Shaykh, Alif ba'
* Abu Muhammad al-`Asimi, Zayn al-fata
* al-Zarandi, Nazm durar al-simtayn
* Abu Sa`id al-Sijzi, al-Dirayah fi Hadith al-Wilayah
* al-Badakhshi, Miftah al-naja
* al-Badakhshi, Nuzul al-abrar
* al-Kazaruni, al-Muntaqa fi sirat al-Mustafa
* al-'Ardabili, Wasilat al-muta`abbidin
* al-Wassabi al-Shafi`i, al-'Iktifa
* al-Washtani al-Maliki, Sharh Sahih Muslim
* al-Dawlatabadi, Hidayat al-su`ada'
* Jamal al-Din `Ata' Allah al-Shirazi, al-'Arba`in fi fada'il Amir al-Mu'minin
* Muhammad Mahbub al-`Alam, Tafsir al-Shahi
* Muhammad Sadr al-`Alam, Ma`arij al-`ula
* Muhammad b. `Ali al-Sabban, Is`af al-raghibin
* Rashid al-Din Khan al-Dehlawi, Fath al-mubin
* Muhammad Mubin al-Lakhnawi, Wasilat al-najat
* Muhammad Mahmud al-Rafi`i, Sharh Hashimiyyat
* Muhammad Shakir Khayyat, Sharh Hashimiyyat
* Ibn Shahrashub, Manaqib Al Abi Talib
* Ibn Haddad al-Haskani, Shawahid al-tanzil
* al-Natanzi, al-Khasa'is al-`Alawiyyah
* al-Sayyid Hashim al-Bahrani, Ghayat al-Maram
* al-Irbili, Kashf al-ghumma
* Abu al-Hasan Sharif, Diya' al-`Alamin

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Contexts

Narrations with the prayer by the Prophet [s] for Imam 'Ali [a]
Oh Allah! Befriend one who befriends him, be an enemy of one who is his enemy

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Chains of Transmission for this context in All books
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al-Irbili, `Ali b. `Isa b. Abi al-Fath, Abu al-Hasan al-'Irbili Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
Kashf al-ghamma fi ma`rifat al-A'immah  
Unidentified edition,   vol. 1, p. 318   
[from Manaqib `Ali b. abi talib of Ibn Mardawayh] 

S198 Ahmad b. Musa b. Mardawayh, Abu Bakr al-Isfahani
(d. 416 AH/1025 CE)
Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
C76 `Abd Allah b. `Abbas
(d. 68 AH/688 CE)
Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
M1


عن إبن عباس قال: لما أمر الله رسوله صلى الله عليه وآله أن يقوم بعلي فيقول له ما قال فقال: يارب إن قومي حديث عهد بجاهلية ثم ‏مضى بحجه فلما أقبل راجعا نزل بغدير خم أنزل الله عليه: يا أيها الرسول بلغ ما انزل إليك من ربك. الآية . فأخذ بعضد على ثم ‏خرج إلى الناس فقال: أيها الناس؟ ألست أولى بكم من أنفسكم؟ قالوا: بلى يا رسول الله ؟ قال: أللهم من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه، ‏أللهم وال من والاه، وعاد من عاداه، وأعن من أعانه، واخذل من خذله، وانصر من نصره، وأحب من أحبه، وأبغض من أبغضه. قال ‏إبن عباس: فوجبت والله في رقاب القوم. وقال حسان بن ثابت: يناديهم يوم الغدير نبيهم - بخم وأسمع بالرسول مناديا - يقول: فمن ‏مولاكم ووليكم - فقالوا ولم يبدوا هناك التعاميا - إلهك مولانا وأنت ولينا - ولم تر منا في الولاية عاصيا - فقال له: قم يا علي؟ ‏فإنني - رضيتك من بعدي إماما وهاديا.‏



From Ibn `Abbas who said: When Allah commanded his Messenger, blessings of Allah on him and his family, to endorse `Ali, and he said to him what he he said to him, he said: "O my Lord, my people were until recently in a state of ignorance (jahiliyya)". Then he proceeded with his Hajj and when he was returning he dismounted at Ghadir Khumm and Allah, the Exalted, revealed to him the verse:

O Messenger, deliver what has been sent down to you from your Lord..’ (5:67).

So he took hold of `Ali’s arm and went out to the people and said: O people, am I not more worthy of authority over you than yourselves?" They said: "Yes indeed, O Messenger of Allah."

He said: "O Allah, of whomsoever I am master, `Ali is his master. O Allah, befriend the one who befriends him, be at enmity with the one who is hostile to him, help the one who helps him, forsake one who forsakes him, aid the one who aids him, love the one who loves him and hate the one who hates him."

Ibn `Abbas said: By Allah, it became an incumbent duty on the people.

Hassan b. Thabit said:

"On the day of al-Ghadir their Prophet calls to them at Khumm; listen to the Messenger calling;

He says: Who is your master and your guardian? They said, not displaying blindness there:

Your God is our Master and you are our guardian, and you will not find from us anyone disobedient concerning the Wilaya.

He said to him: Rise, O `Ali, for I approve of you as Imam and guide after me."


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