Ghadir Khumm
in the Qur'an, Hadith, History

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* Ibn Hanbal, Al-Musnad
* Ibn Hanbal, Manaqib `Ali b. Abi Talib
* al-Hakim al-Naysaburi, al-Mustadrak
* Ibn Kathir, Al-Bidayah wa'l-Nihayah
* Ibn Majah, Sunan
* al-Nasa'i, Al-Khasa'is
* al-Khatib al-Tabrizi, Mishkat al-Masabih
* al-Haythami, Majma` al-Zawa`id
* Ibn `Abd al-Barr, Al-Isti`ab fi ma`rifat al-ashab
* Ibn `Abd Rabbih, Al-`Iqd al-Farid
* Ibn Abi Shaybah, Al-Musannaf
* Ibn `Asakir, Ta'rikh Dimashq (Ta'rikh al-Kabir)
* Ibn al-'Athir, `Ali b. Muhammad, Usd al-ghaba
* Ibn Hajar al-Makki, Al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqa
* Ibn Hibban, Sahih Ibn Hibban
* al-Khatib al-Baghdadi, Ta'rikh Baghdad
* al-Mas`udi, Muruj al-dhahab
* al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Kanz al-`ummal
* Fakhr al-Din al-Razi, Mafatih al-Ghayb
* al-Shahrastani al-Shafi`i, Al-Milal wa'l-Nihal
* Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, Tarikh al-Khulafa'
* al-Tabarani, Al-Mu`jam al-Kabir
* al-Tabarani, Al-Mu`jam al-Saghir
* Nur al-Din al-Halabi al-Shafi`i, al-Sira al-Halabiyya
* Al-Mizzi, Tuhfat al-ashraf bi-ma`rifat al-atraf
* Ibn al-Jazari, Asna al-Matalib
* Abu Ya`la al-Musali, Musnad
* al-Tahawi, Mushkil al-athar
* Muhibb al-Din al-Tabari, Riyad al-Nadirah
* `Abd al-Haqq al-Dihlawi, al-Lama`at
* al-Zurqani, Sharh al-Muwahib al-ladunniyyah
* Al-Tha`labi, Tafsir Kashf wa'l-bayan
* al-Alusi al-Baghdadi, Ruh al-Ma`ani
* Abu Bakr al-Bazzar, Musnad
* al-Tha`alibi, Thimar al-qulub
* al-Qadi `Iyad, al-Shifa'
* al-Munawi, Fayd al-qadir
* `Abd al-Haqq al-Dihlawi, Madarij al-nubuwwah
* Wali Allah al-Dihlawi, Qurrat al-`aynayn
* Ibn Hajar al-Makki, al-Minah al-Makkiyyah
* Abu Nu`aym al-'Isfahani, Akhbar Isbahan
* al-Maqrizi, al-Khitat
* Abu Nu`aym al-'Isfahani, Ma nazala min al-Qur'an fi `Ali
* Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, al-'Azhar fi ma `aqdahu al-shu`ara' min al-'ash`ar
* Ibn Abi al-Hadid al-Mu`tazili, Sharh Nahj al-Balaghah
* al-Samhudi al-Shafi`i, Jawahir al­`iqdayn
* al-Yafi`i, Mir'at al-jinan
* Ibn al-Sabbagh al-Maliki, al-Fusul al-muhimmah
* al-Hakim al-Tirmidhi, Nawadir al-usul
* Abu `Abd Allah al-Muhamili al-Dabbi, al-'Amali
* Nizam al-Din al-Naysaburi, Ghara'ib al-Qur'an
* Al-Sanusi, Sharh Sahih Muslim
* Shihab al-Din al-Khafaji, Nasim al-riyad
* al-Shabarhayti al-Maliki, Futuhat al-wahabiyyah
* al-Samhudi al-Shafi`i, Wafa' al-wafa'
* al-Kharkushi, Sharaf al-Mustafa
* al-Khatib al-Khawarazmi, Kitab al-Manaqib
* al-Juwayni al-Hamawayni, Fara'id al-Samtayn
* al-Balkhi al-Qunduzi, Yanabi` al-mawaddah
* Ibn al-Maghazili, al-Manaqib
* al-Kanji al-Shafi`i, Kifayat al-Talib
* al-Shaykhani al-Qadiri, Sirat al-sawi
* Sibt b. al-Jawzi, Tadhkirat khawass al-'ummah
* Ibn al-Shaykh, Alif ba'
* Abu Muhammad al-`Asimi, Zayn al-fata
* al-Zarandi, Nazm durar al-simtayn
* Abu Sa`id al-Sijzi, al-Dirayah fi Hadith al-Wilayah
* al-Badakhshi, Miftah al-naja
* al-Badakhshi, Nuzul al-abrar
* al-Kazaruni, al-Muntaqa fi sirat al-Mustafa
* al-'Ardabili, Wasilat al-muta`abbidin
* al-Wassabi al-Shafi`i, al-'Iktifa
* al-Washtani al-Maliki, Sharh Sahih Muslim
* al-Dawlatabadi, Hidayat al-su`ada'
* Jamal al-Din `Ata' Allah al-Shirazi, al-'Arba`in fi fada'il Amir al-Mu'minin
* Muhammad Mahbub al-`Alam, Tafsir al-Shahi
* Muhammad Sadr al-`Alam, Ma`arij al-`ula
* Muhammad b. `Ali al-Sabban, Is`af al-raghibin
* Rashid al-Din Khan al-Dehlawi, Fath al-mubin
* Muhammad Mubin al-Lakhnawi, Wasilat al-najat
* Muhammad Mahmud al-Rafi`i, Sharh Hashimiyyat
* Muhammad Shakir Khayyat, Sharh Hashimiyyat
* Ibn Shahrashub, Manaqib Al Abi Talib
* Ibn Haddad al-Haskani, Shawahid al-tanzil
* al-Natanzi, al-Khasa'is al-`Alawiyyah
* al-Sayyid Hashim al-Bahrani, Ghayat al-Maram
* al-Irbili, Kashf al-ghumma
* Abu al-Hasan Sharif, Diya' al-`Alamin

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Contexts

Narrations with the prayer by the Prophet [s] for Imam 'Ali [a]
Oh Allah! Befriend one who befriends him, be an enemy of one who is his enemy

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Chains of Transmission for this context in All books
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S226 Muhammad b. `Ali b. Ibrahim, Abu al-Fath al-Natanzi Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
al-Khasa'is al-`Alawiyyah  
Manuscript,      
 

O222 al-Hasan b. Ahmad b. al-Hasan al-Haddad al-Muqri al-Hafiz
(d. 0 AH/622 CE)
Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
S158 Ibn Nayri, Ahmad b. `Abd Allah b. Ahmad, Abu Ja`far al-Bazzaz
(d. 320 AH/932 CE)
Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
O221 Muhammad b. Ahmad b. `Ali b. Mukhallad, Abu `Abd Allah al-Jawhari
(d. 357 AH/968 CE)
Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
S145 Muhammad b. `Uthman b. Abi Shaybah, Abu Ja`far al-`Absi al-Kufi
(d. 297 AH/910 CE)
Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
S89 Yahya b. `Abd al-Hamid b. `Abd Allah, Abu Zakariyya al-Himmani al-Kufi
(d. 228 AH/843 CE)
Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
S28 Qays b. al-Rabi`, Abu Muhammad al-Asadi al-Kufi
(d. 167 AH/784 CE)
Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
T52 `Umarah b. Juwayn, Abu Harun al-`Abdi
(d. 134 AH/752 CE)
Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
C49 Abu Sa`id al-Khudri, Sa`d b. Malik al-Ansari
(d. 74 AH/693 CE)
Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
M4


وروى الحافظ أبوالفتح محمد بن علي النطنزي في " الخصايص العلوية " عن الحسن ابن احمد المهري عن أحمد بن عبدالله بن احمد قال: حدثنا ‏محمد بن أحمد بن علي، قال: حدثنا محمد بن عثمان بن أبي شيبة، قال: حدثنا يحيى الحماني، قال: حدثنا قيس بن الربيع أبي هرون العبدي ‏عن أبي سعيد الخدري: إن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم دعا الناس إلى علي رضي الله عنه في غدير خم وأمر بما تحت الشجرة من الشوك ‏فقم وذلك يوم الخميس فدعا عليا فأخذ بضبعيه فرفعهما حتى نظر الناس إلى بياض إبطي رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ثم لم يتفرقوا حتى ‏نزلت هذه الآية أليوم أكملت لكم دينكم . الآية . فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: ألله أكبر على إكمال الدين، وإتمام النعمة، ورضى ‏الرب برسالتي والولاية لعلي من بعدي، قال: من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه، أللهم وال من والاه، وعاد من عاداه، وانصر من نصره، واخذل ‏من خذله. فقال حسان بن ثابت: إئذن لي يارسول الله فأقول في علي أبياتا لتسمعها،‎ ‎فقال: قل على بركة الله، فقام حسان فقال: يا معشر ‏قريش إسمعوا قولي بشهادة من رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم في الولاية الثابتة. يناديهم يوم الغدير نبيهم - بخم وأسمع بالرسول مناديا - ‏يقول: فمن مولاكم ووليكم - فقالوا ولم يبدوا هناك التعاميا - إلهك مولانا وأنت ولينا - ولم تر منا في الولاية عاصيا - فقال له: قم يا ‏علي فإنني - رضيتك من بعدي إماما وهاديا. هذا حديث له طرق كثيرة إلى أبي سعيد الخدري.‏



Al-Hafiz Abu al-Fath Muhammad b. `Ali al-Natanzi related in "al-Khasa'is al-`Alawiyyah" from al-Hasan b. Ahmad al-Muhri [al-Muqri] from Ahmad b. `Abdallah b. Ahmad who said: Muhammad b. Ahmad b. `Ali narrated to us, he said: Muhammad b. `Uthman b. Abi Shaybah narrated to us, he said: Yahya al-Himmani narrated to us, he said: Qays b. al-Rabi` narrated to us from Abi Harun al-`Abdi from Abi Sa`id al-Khudri who said:

The Messenger of Allah, blessings and salutations of Allah on him, summoned the people to `Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, in Ghadir Khumm. He gave instructions about the thorns under the tree and they were swept up. That was a Thursday. He called `Ali and took him by his upper arms and raised them up until the people saw the whiteness of the armpits of the Messenger of Allah. They did not disperse until this verse was revealed: ‘Today I have perfected for you your religion...’ (5:3).

The Messenger of Allah, blessings and salutations of Allah on him, said: "Allah is most Great at the perfection of religion and the completion of blessings, and the Lord’s acceptance of my mission and the mastership (wilaya) of `Ali, peace be upon him, after me."

Then he said: "Of whomsoever I am master (mawla), `Ali is his master. O Allah, befriend one who befriends him and be at enmity with one who is hostile to him; help the one who helps him and forsake the one who forsakes him."

Hassan said: "Permit me, O Messenger of Allah, to recite some verses on `Ali for you to hear." He said: "Recite, with the blessing of Allah."

So Hassan rose and said: "O elders of Quraysh, listen to my profession of the testimony of the Messenger of Allah, blessings and salutations of Allah on him, concerning the confirmed Wilaya:

On the day of al-Ghadir their Prophet calls to them at Khumm, so listen to the Messenger calling;

He says: Who is your master and your guardian? They said, without displaying blindness there:

Your God is our Master and you are our guardian, and you will not find among us anyone disobedient concerning the Wilaya.

He said to him: Rise, O `Ali, for I approve of you as Imam and guide after me."

This hadith has many chains of transmission leading up to Abu Sa`id al-Khudri.


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