Ghadir Khumm
in the Qur'an, Hadith, History

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* Ibn Hanbal, Al-Musnad
* Ibn Hanbal, Manaqib `Ali b. Abi Talib
* al-Hakim al-Naysaburi, al-Mustadrak
* Ibn Kathir, Al-Bidayah wa'l-Nihayah
* Ibn Majah, Sunan
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* al-Khatib al-Tabrizi, Mishkat al-Masabih
* al-Haythami, Majma` al-Zawa`id
* Ibn `Abd al-Barr, Al-Isti`ab fi ma`rifat al-ashab
* Ibn `Abd Rabbih, Al-`Iqd al-Farid
* Ibn Abi Shaybah, Al-Musannaf
* Ibn `Asakir, Ta'rikh Dimashq (Ta'rikh al-Kabir)
* Ibn al-'Athir, `Ali b. Muhammad, Usd al-ghaba
* Ibn Hajar al-Makki, Al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqa
* Ibn Hibban, Sahih Ibn Hibban
* al-Khatib al-Baghdadi, Ta'rikh Baghdad
* al-Mas`udi, Muruj al-dhahab
* al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Kanz al-`ummal
* Fakhr al-Din al-Razi, Mafatih al-Ghayb
* al-Shahrastani al-Shafi`i, Al-Milal wa'l-Nihal
* Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, Tarikh al-Khulafa'
* al-Tabarani, Al-Mu`jam al-Kabir
* al-Tabarani, Al-Mu`jam al-Saghir
* Nur al-Din al-Halabi al-Shafi`i, al-Sira al-Halabiyya
* Al-Mizzi, Tuhfat al-ashraf bi-ma`rifat al-atraf
* Ibn al-Jazari, Asna al-Matalib
* Abu Ya`la al-Musali, Musnad
* al-Tahawi, Mushkil al-athar
* Muhibb al-Din al-Tabari, Riyad al-Nadirah
* `Abd al-Haqq al-Dihlawi, al-Lama`at
* al-Zurqani, Sharh al-Muwahib al-ladunniyyah
* Al-Tha`labi, Tafsir Kashf wa'l-bayan
* al-Alusi al-Baghdadi, Ruh al-Ma`ani
* Abu Bakr al-Bazzar, Musnad
* al-Tha`alibi, Thimar al-qulub
* al-Qadi `Iyad, al-Shifa'
* al-Munawi, Fayd al-qadir
* `Abd al-Haqq al-Dihlawi, Madarij al-nubuwwah
* Wali Allah al-Dihlawi, Qurrat al-`aynayn
* Ibn Hajar al-Makki, al-Minah al-Makkiyyah
* Abu Nu`aym al-'Isfahani, Akhbar Isbahan
* al-Maqrizi, al-Khitat
* Abu Nu`aym al-'Isfahani, Ma nazala min al-Qur'an fi `Ali
* Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, al-'Azhar fi ma `aqdahu al-shu`ara' min al-'ash`ar
* Ibn Abi al-Hadid al-Mu`tazili, Sharh Nahj al-Balaghah
* al-Samhudi al-Shafi`i, Jawahir al­`iqdayn
* al-Yafi`i, Mir'at al-jinan
* Ibn al-Sabbagh al-Maliki, al-Fusul al-muhimmah
* al-Hakim al-Tirmidhi, Nawadir al-usul
* Abu `Abd Allah al-Muhamili al-Dabbi, al-'Amali
* Nizam al-Din al-Naysaburi, Ghara'ib al-Qur'an
* Al-Sanusi, Sharh Sahih Muslim
* Shihab al-Din al-Khafaji, Nasim al-riyad
* al-Shabarhayti al-Maliki, Futuhat al-wahabiyyah
* al-Samhudi al-Shafi`i, Wafa' al-wafa'
* al-Kharkushi, Sharaf al-Mustafa
* al-Khatib al-Khawarazmi, Kitab al-Manaqib
* al-Juwayni al-Hamawayni, Fara'id al-Samtayn
* al-Balkhi al-Qunduzi, Yanabi` al-mawaddah
* Ibn al-Maghazili, al-Manaqib
* al-Kanji al-Shafi`i, Kifayat al-Talib
* al-Shaykhani al-Qadiri, Sirat al-sawi
* Sibt b. al-Jawzi, Tadhkirat khawass al-'ummah
* Ibn al-Shaykh, Alif ba'
* Abu Muhammad al-`Asimi, Zayn al-fata
* al-Zarandi, Nazm durar al-simtayn
* Abu Sa`id al-Sijzi, al-Dirayah fi Hadith al-Wilayah
* al-Badakhshi, Miftah al-naja
* al-Badakhshi, Nuzul al-abrar
* al-Kazaruni, al-Muntaqa fi sirat al-Mustafa
* al-'Ardabili, Wasilat al-muta`abbidin
* al-Wassabi al-Shafi`i, al-'Iktifa
* al-Washtani al-Maliki, Sharh Sahih Muslim
* al-Dawlatabadi, Hidayat al-su`ada'
* Jamal al-Din `Ata' Allah al-Shirazi, al-'Arba`in fi fada'il Amir al-Mu'minin
* Muhammad Mahbub al-`Alam, Tafsir al-Shahi
* Muhammad Sadr al-`Alam, Ma`arij al-`ula
* Muhammad b. `Ali al-Sabban, Is`af al-raghibin
* Rashid al-Din Khan al-Dehlawi, Fath al-mubin
* Muhammad Mubin al-Lakhnawi, Wasilat al-najat
* Muhammad Mahmud al-Rafi`i, Sharh Hashimiyyat
* Muhammad Shakir Khayyat, Sharh Hashimiyyat
* Ibn Shahrashub, Manaqib Al Abi Talib
* Ibn Haddad al-Haskani, Shawahid al-tanzil
* al-Natanzi, al-Khasa'is al-`Alawiyyah
* al-Sayyid Hashim al-Bahrani, Ghayat al-Maram
* al-Irbili, Kashf al-ghumma
* Abu al-Hasan Sharif, Diya' al-`Alamin

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Contexts

Narrations with the prayer by the Prophet [s] for Imam 'Ali [a]
Oh Allah! Befriend one who befriends him, be an enemy of one who is his enemy

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Chains of Transmission for this context in All books
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S246 Sibt b. al-Jawzi, Shams al-Din Yusuf b. Qizughli, Abu al-Muzaffar Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
Tadhkirat khawass al-'ummah fi ma`rifat al-a'immah  
Najaf: al-Maktabah al-Haydariyyah, 1964 CE  p. 33   
[p. 18] 
Linked to scanned page from Tadhkirat khawass al-'ummah fi ma`rifat al-a'immah

C33 Hassan b. Thabit al-Khazraji
(d. 40 AH/660 CE)
Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
M5


وقال أبوالمظفر سبط ابن الجوزي: وقد أكثرت الشعراء في يوم غدير خم، فقال حسان بن ثابت: يناديهم يوم الغدير نبيهم - بخم فأسمع ‏بالرسول مناديا - وقال فمن مولاكم ووليكم - فقالوا ولم يبدوا هناك التعاميا - إلهك مولانا وأنت ولينا - ومالك منا في الولاية ‏عاصيا - فقال له قم يا علي فإنني - رضيتك من بعدي إماما وهاديا - فمن كنت مولاه فهذا وليه - فكونوا له أنصار صدق مواليا - ‏هناك دعا اللهم وال وليه - وكن للذي عادى عليا معاديا. ويروى أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم لما سمعه ينشد هذه الابيات قال له: يا ‏حسان، لا تزال مؤيدا بروح القدس ما نصرتنا، أو ما نافحت، عنا.‏



In the controversy between `Ali, peace be upon him, and one of the companions, surely the right was with `Ali, peace be upon him. This is the consensus of the Ummah. Do you not see that the scholars extract the rulings for oppressors (bughat) only from the incidents of Jamal and Siffin. The poets have frequently mentioned the day of Ghadir Khumm, and Hassan b. Thabit said:

“On the day of al-Ghadir their Prophet calls to them at Khumm, so listen to the Messenger calling;

He said: Who is your master and your guardian? They said, without displaying blindness there:

Your God is our Master and you are our guardian, and none among us will be disobedient to you concerning the Wilaya.

He said to him: Rise, O `Ali, for I approve of you as Imam and guide after me;

Of whomsoever I am master (mawla), then this is his guardian;

Be to him followers of truth, adhering;

Thereupon he called out: O Allah befriend his friend and to him who opposes `Ali, be at enmity.”

It is related that when the Prophet, blessings of Allah on him and his family, heard him reciting these verses he said to him: “O Hassan, you will continue to be supported by the Holy Spirit as long as you help us or defend us with your tongue.”

Qays b. Sa`d b. `Ubadah al-Ansari said while reciting verses before `Ali, peace be upon him, in Siffin:

“I said when the enemy wronged us: Sufficient for us is our Lord and the Best Guardian

`Ali is our Imam and the Imam of other than us, through him comes the revelation.

The day the Prophet said: Of whomsoever I am master, then this is his master, a majestic affair

And what the Prophet said to the Ummah is imposed on everything that was said and is said.

Al-Kumayt said:

"[…]

The day of the branches, the branches of Ghadir Khumm, the mastership (wilaya) was explained to him if he should obey?

But the men agreed to pledge allegiance in it and I did not see a forbidding danger the like of it??

There is an unusual story in connection with these verses which was narrated to us by our Shaykh `Amr b. Safi al-Mawsili, may Allah the Exalted have mercy on him. He said that one of them recited these verses and passed the night reflecting (over them), and he saw `Ali, peace be upon him, in his dream.


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