Ghadir Khumm
in the Qur'an, Hadith, History

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* al-Bukhari, al-Ta'rikh al-kabir
* Ibn Hanbal, Al-Musnad
* Ibn Hanbal, Manaqib `Ali b. Abi Talib
* al-Hakim al-Naysaburi, al-Mustadrak
* Ibn Hajar al-`Asqalani, Al-Isabah
* Ibn Hajar al-`Asqalani, Fath al-Bari
* Ibn Hajar al-`Asqalani, Tahdhib al-Tahdhib
* Ibn Kathir, Al-Bidayah wa'l-Nihayah
* Ibn Kathir, Tafsir al-Qur'an al-`Azim
* Ibn Majah, Sunan
* al-Nasa'i, Al-Khasa'is
* Al-Nawawi, Tahdhib al-Asma' wa'l-Lughat
* al-Khatib al-Tabrizi, Mishkat al-Masabih
* al-Tirmidhi, Al-Jami`
* Al-Nawawi, Riyad al-salihin
* al-Dhahabi, Tadhkirat al-huffaz
* al-Haythami, Majma` al-Zawa`id
* Ibn `Abd al-Barr, Al-Isti`ab fi ma`rifat al-ashab
* Ibn `Abd Rabbih, Al-`Iqd al-Farid
* Ibn Abi Shaybah, Al-Musannaf
* Ibn `Asakir, Ta'rikh Dimashq (Ta'rikh al-Kabir)
* Ibn al-'Athir, `Ali b. Muhammad, Usd al-ghaba
* Ibn al-'Athir, al-Mubarak b. Muhammad, Al-Nihaya fi gharib al-hadith
* Ibn Hajar al-Makki, Al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqa
* Ibn Hibban, Sahih Ibn Hibban
* Ibn Khaldun, Al-Muqaddima
* Ibn Qutaybah, Al-Imamah wa'l-Siyasah
* Abu Nu`aym al-'Isfahani, Hilyat al-Awliya'
* al-Khatib al-Baghdadi, Ta'rikh Baghdad
* al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Kanz al-`ummal
* al-Qastallani, Al-Muwahib al-ladunniyya
* Fakhr al-Din al-Razi, Mafatih al-Ghayb
* al-Shahrastani al-Shafi`i, Al-Milal wa'l-Nihal
* Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, Al-Durr al-Manthur
* Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, Tarikh al-Khulafa'
* al-Tabarani, Al-Mu`jam al-Kabir
* al-Tabarani, Al-Mu`jam al-Saghir
* Nur al-Din al-Halabi al-Shafi`i, al-Sira al-Halabiyya
* Al-Mizzi, Tuhfat al-ashraf bi-ma`rifat al-atraf
* Ibn al-'Athir, al-Mubarak b. Muhammad, Jami` al-usul
* Ibn al-Jazari, Asna al-Matalib
* Abu Ya`la al-Musali, Musnad
* al-Tahawi, Mushkil al-athar
* al-Dulabi, al-Kuna wa'l-asma
* Muhibb al-Din al-Tabari, Riyad al-Nadirah
* `Ali al-Qari al-Harawi, Mirqat fi sharh al-mishkat
* al-Munawi, Kunuz al-haqa'iq
* al-Zurqani, Sharh al-Muwahib al-ladunniyyah
* Al-Tha`labi, Tafsir Kashf wa'l-bayan
* Abu Sa`ud al-`Imadi, Tafsir Irshad al-`aql
* al-Alusi al-Baghdadi, Ruh al-Ma`ani
* al-Alusi al-Baghdadi, Nathr al-la'ali
* Abu Bakr al-Bazzar, Musnad
* al-Tha`alibi, Thimar al-qulub
* al-Zamakhshari, Rabi` al-abrar
* al-Qadi `Iyad, al-Shifa'
* al-Qurtubi, Tafsir
* al-Munawi, Fayd al-qadir
* Wali Allah al-Dihlawi, Izalat al-khifa'
* Wali Allah al-Dihlawi, Qurrat al-`aynayn
* al-Zubaydi, Taj al-'arus
* Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, al-Jami` al-saghir
* Ibn Hajar al-Makki, al-Minah al-Makkiyyah
* Badr al-Din al-`Ayni, `Umdat al-Qari
* al-Qasim b. Sallam, Tafsir Gharib al-Qur'an
* Ibn Abi `Asim al-Shaybani, Kitab al-Sunnah
* `Abd Allah b. Ahmad b. Hanbal, Zawa'id Musnad Ahmad b. Hanbal
* `Abd Allah b. Ahmad b. Hanbal, Fada'il `Ali
* al-Daraqutni, Al-`Ilal
* Abu Nu`aym al-'Isfahani, Ma`rifat al-Sahabah
* Abu Nu`aym al-'Isfahani, Akhbar Isbahan
* al-Maqrizi, al-Khitat
* Abu Nu`aym al-'Isfahani, Ma nazala min al-Qur'an fi `Ali
* Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, al-'Azhar fi ma `aqdahu al-shu`ara' min al-'ash`ar
* Muhammad `Abduh, Tafsir al-Manar
* Ahmad b. Zayni Dahlan, al-Futuhat al-Islamiyyah
* Abu Muhammad al-Farra', Masabih al-Sunnah
* Ibn Abi al-Hadid al-Mu`tazili, Sharh Nahj al-Balaghah
* al-Samhudi al-Shafi`i, Jawahir al­`iqdayn
* Ba Kathir al-Makki, Wasilat al-Ma'al
* al-Sharif al-Jurjani, Sharh al-mawaqif
* al-Yafi`i, Mir'at al-jinan
* Ibn al-Sabbagh al-Maliki, al-Fusul al-muhimmah
* Ibn Hamzah al-Harrani, Al-Bayan wa'l-ta`rif
* al-Hakim al-Tirmidhi, Nawadir al-usul
* Abu `Abd Allah al-Muhamili al-Dabbi, al-'Amali
* Razin b. Mu`awiyah, al-Jam` bayn al-Sihah al-sittah
* Nizam al-Din al-Naysaburi, Ghara'ib al-Qur'an
* Ibn al-Diba` al-Shafi`i, Taysir al-wusul
* al-Fitanni al-Gujrati, Majma` bihar al-'anwar
* Shihab al-Din al-Khafaji, Nasim al-riyad
* al-Shabarhayti al-Maliki, Futuhat al-wahabiyyah
* al-Shawkani al-San`ani, Fath al-qadir
* al-Samhudi al-Shafi`i, Wafa' al-wafa'
* al-Muqbili, al-'Ahadith al-mutawatirah
* Ibn `Ijlun, Badi` al-ma`ani
* al-Khatib al-Khawarazmi, Kitab al-Manaqib
* al-Juwayni al-Hamawayni, Fara'id al-Samtayn
* al-Balkhi al-Qunduzi, Yanabi` al-mawaddah
* Ibn al-Maghazili, al-Manaqib
* al-Kanji al-Shafi`i, Kifayat al-Talib
* al-Shaykhani al-Qadiri, Sirat al-sawi
* al-Sharbini, al-Siraj al-munir
* Sibt b. al-Jawzi, Tadhkirat khawass al-'ummah
* Ibn al-Shaykh, Alif ba'
* Abu Muhammad al-`Asimi, Zayn al-fata
* al-Zarandi, Nazm durar al-simtayn
* Bahlul Behjat Afandi, Ta'rikh Al Muhammad
* Abu Sa`id al-Sijzi, al-Dirayah fi Hadith al-Wilayah
* al-Badakhshi, Miftah al-naja
* al-Badakhshi, Nuzul al-abrar
* Khwajah Parsa, Fasl al-khitab
* al-Kazaruni, al-Muntaqa fi sirat al-Mustafa
* al-'Ardabili, Wasilat al-muta`abbidin
* al-Qarshi, Shams al-akhbar
* Muhammad b. Talhah al-Shafi`i, Matalib al-sa'ul
* al-Wassabi al-Shafi`i, al-'Iktifa
* Ibn al-Wardi, Tatimmah
* al-Dawlatabadi, Hidayat al-su`ada'
* `Abd al-Wahhab al-Bukhari, Tafsir Anwari
* Jamal al-Din `Ata' Allah al-Shirazi, al-'Arba`in fi fada'il Amir al-Mu'minin
* Ibn San (or Sinan), Akhbar al-duwal
* al-Husayn al-Yamani, Hidayat al-`uqul
* Muhammad Mahbub al-`Alam, Tafsir al-Shahi
* Muhammad b. `Abd al-Rasul al-Barzanji, al-Nawaqid li al-rawafid
* Muhammad Sadr al-`Alam, Ma`arij al-`ula
* al-`Imadi, al-Salat al-fakhirah
* Shams al-Din al-Hafni, Sharh `Azizi (hashiyah)
* al-'Amir al-Yamani al-San`ani, Rawdat al-nadiyyah
* Muhammad b. `Ali al-Sabban, Is`af al-raghibin
* Rashid al-Din Khan al-Dehlawi, Fath al-mubin
* Muhammad Mubin al-Lakhnawi, Wasilat al-najat
* al-Bayruti al-Shafi`i, Asna al-matalib
* al-Madani al-Shanqayti, Kifayat al-talib
* Muhammad Mahmud al-Rafi`i, Sharh Hashimiyyat
* Muhammad Shakir Khayyat, Sharh Hashimiyyat
* Shihab al-Din Abu al-Fayd, Tashnif al-'adhan
* Ibn Shahrashub, Manaqib Al Abi Talib
* Ibn Haddad al-Haskani, Shawahid al-tanzil
* al-Natanzi, al-Khasa'is al-`Alawiyyah
* Sayyid Shahab al-Din Ahmad, Tawdih al-Dala'il
* Ibn Haddad al-Haskani, Du`a' al-hudat
* al-Sayyid Hashim al-Bahrani, Ghayat al-Maram
* al-Irbili, Kashf al-ghumma
* Abu Bakr al-Naqqash, Shifa' al-sudur
* Abu al-Hasan Sharif, Diya' al-`Alamin
* Ibn Jabir al-'Andalusi, Nafah al-tayyib
* Ahmad Nasim al-Misri, Ta`liqah Diwan Mihyar al-Daylami

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Narrations with the term mawla (master) for Imam 'Ali [a]

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S245 Muhammad b. Talhah, Abu Salim al-Qarashi al-Nasibi al-Shafi`i Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
Matalib al-sa'ul fi manaqib Al al-Rasul  
Unidentified edition,   p. 16   
 

S136 al-Tirmidhi, Muhammad b. `Isa b. Sawrah b. Musa, Abu `Isa al-Tirmidhi
(d. 279 AH/892 CE)
Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
C42 Zayd b. Arqam al-Ansari al-Khazraji
(d. 68 AH/688 CE)
Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
E98a


رواه حيث قال: وأما مواخاة رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله اياه وامتزاجه به، وتنزيله إياه منزلة نفسه، وميله اليه، وإيثاره إياه، فهذا ‏بيانه: فإنه قد روى الامام الترمذي في صحيحه، بسنده عن زيد بن أرقم رضي الله عنه أنه قال: لما آخى رسول الله بين أصحابه جاءه ‏علي تدمع عيناه، فقال يا رسول الله آخيت بين أصحابك ولم تؤاخ بيني وبين أحد. قال: فسمعت رسول الله يقول: أنت أخي في الدنيا ‏والآخرة. وروى بسنده أيضا: أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه، وهذا اللفظ بمجرده رواه الترمذي ‏ولم يزد عليه، وزاد غيره ذكره اليوم والموضع، فذكر الزمان وهو عند عود رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم من حجة الوداع من اليوم ‏الثامن عشر من ذي الحجة، وذكر المكان وهو ما بين مكة والمدينة يسمى خما في غدير هناك، فسمي ذلك اليوم يوم غدير خم، وقد ‏ذكره حسان في شعره الذي تقدم، وصار ذلك عيدا وموسما، لكونه كان وقتا خص رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم عليا بهذه المنزلة ‏العلية، وشرفه بها دون الناس كلهم.‏



He reports that by saying: “As for the adoption of Ali by the Messenger of Allah as a brother, and his close association with him (i.e.Ali) and considering him as his own self, and his devotion to him, and affection for him, then the following is its account”: Imam Tirmidhi, based on his chain of authorities, reports in his Sahih from Zayd bin Arqam -may Allah be pleased with him- that the latter said:

"When the Messenger of Allah established bond of brotherhood among his companions, Ali came to him with tears flowing from his eyes and said: "O Messenger of Allah! you have established bond of brotherhood between all your companions, but have not done so between me and any other person".

Zayd bin Arqam says: "I heard, then, the Messenger of Allah saying: "You are my brother in this world and in the hereafter".

And also reported on his chain of authorities is that the Messenger of Allah - peace and salutations of Allah be upon him - said: "Of whomsoever I am the master then Ali is his master". These words have been recorded exactly as they are by Tirmidhi and without any addition, while others have stated, in addition to that, the 'day' and the 'place'. Thus they mention the 'time', and that was during the return of the Messenger of Allah - peace and salutations of Allah be upon him - from the farewell pilgrimage, on the eighteenth day of Dhil-Hijjah and they mention the 'place' to be an area somewhere in Ghadir, located between Mecca and Madina, called 'Khum'. Hence that day came to be known as "the day of Ghadir Khum". And Hassaan has referred to this day in his aforementioned poem.

This day became a feast, since it was a day in which the Messenger of Allah - peace and salutations of Allah be upon him - endowed Ali particularly with this lofty position and honoured him with it, unlike the rest of the people".


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