Ghadir Khumm
in the Qur'an, Hadith, History

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* Fakhr al-Din al-Razi, Mafatih al-Ghayb
* al-Shahrastani al-Shafi`i, Al-Milal wa'l-Nihal
* Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, Al-Durr al-Manthur
* al-Wahidi, Asbab al-Nuzul
* Al-Tha`labi, Tafsir Kashf wa'l-bayan
* al-Alusi al-Baghdadi, Ruh al-Ma`ani
* Badr al-Din al-`Ayni, `Umdat al-Qari
* Abu Nu`aym al-'Isfahani, Ma nazala min al-Qur'an fi `Ali
* Muhammad `Abduh, Tafsir al-Manar
* Ibn al-Sabbagh al-Maliki, al-Fusul al-muhimmah
* Abu `Abd Allah al-Muhamili al-Dabbi, al-'Amali
* Nizam al-Din al-Naysaburi, Ghara'ib al-Qur'an
* al-Shawkani al-San`ani, Fath al-qadir
* al-Maybudi, Sharh Diwan `Ali [a]
* Al-Majlisi, Bihar al-anwar
* al-Juwayni al-Hamawayni, Fara'id al-Samtayn
* al-Balkhi al-Qunduzi, Yanabi` al-mawaddah
* Abu Sa`id al-Sijzi, al-Dirayah fi Hadith al-Wilayah
* al-Badakhshi, Miftah al-naja
* Muhammad b. Talhah al-Shafi`i, Matalib al-sa'ul
* al-Wassabi al-Shafi`i, al-'Iktifa
* `Abd al-Wahhab al-Bukhari, Tafsir Anwari
* Jamal al-Din `Ata' Allah al-Shirazi, al-'Arba`in fi fada'il Amir al-Mu'minin
* Muhammad Mahbub al-`Alam, Tafsir al-Shahi
* Ibn Haddad al-Haskani, Shawahid al-tanzil
* al-Natanzi, al-Khasa'is al-`Alawiyyah
* Sayyid Shahab al-Din Ahmad, Tawdih al-Dala'il
* al-Irbili, Kashf al-ghumma
* Abu al-Hasan Sharif, Diya' al-`Alamin

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Contexts

Narrations that mention the revelation of Qur'anic verse 5:67
'O Apostle! Deliver what has been sent down to you from your Lord...'

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Chains of Transmission for this context in All books
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al-Irbili, `Ali b. `Isa b. Abi al-Fath, Abu al-Hasan al-'Irbili Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
Kashf al-ghamma fi ma`rifat al-A'immah  
Unidentified edition,   vol. 1, p. 318   
[from Manaqib `Ali b. abi talib of Ibn Mardawayh] 

S198 Ahmad b. Musa b. Mardawayh, Abu Bakr al-Isfahani
(d. 416 AH/1025 CE)
Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
C76 `Abd Allah b. `Abbas
(d. 68 AH/688 CE)
Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
M1


عن إبن عباس قال: لما أمر الله رسوله صلى الله عليه وآله أن يقوم بعلي فيقول له ما قال فقال: يارب إن قومي حديث عهد بجاهلية ثم ‏مضى بحجه فلما أقبل راجعا نزل بغدير خم أنزل الله عليه: يا أيها الرسول بلغ ما انزل إليك من ربك. الآية . فأخذ بعضد على ثم ‏خرج إلى الناس فقال: أيها الناس؟ ألست أولى بكم من أنفسكم؟ قالوا: بلى يا رسول الله ؟ قال: أللهم من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه، ‏أللهم وال من والاه، وعاد من عاداه، وأعن من أعانه، واخذل من خذله، وانصر من نصره، وأحب من أحبه، وأبغض من أبغضه. قال ‏إبن عباس: فوجبت والله في رقاب القوم. وقال حسان بن ثابت: يناديهم يوم الغدير نبيهم - بخم وأسمع بالرسول مناديا - يقول: فمن ‏مولاكم ووليكم - فقالوا ولم يبدوا هناك التعاميا - إلهك مولانا وأنت ولينا - ولم تر منا في الولاية عاصيا - فقال له: قم يا علي؟ ‏فإنني - رضيتك من بعدي إماما وهاديا.‏



From Ibn `Abbas who said: When Allah commanded his Messenger, blessings of Allah on him and his family, to endorse `Ali, and he said to him what he he said to him, he said: "O my Lord, my people were until recently in a state of ignorance (jahiliyya)". Then he proceeded with his Hajj and when he was returning he dismounted at Ghadir Khumm and Allah, the Exalted, revealed to him the verse:

O Messenger, deliver what has been sent down to you from your Lord..’ (5:67).

So he took hold of `Ali’s arm and went out to the people and said: O people, am I not more worthy of authority over you than yourselves?" They said: "Yes indeed, O Messenger of Allah."

He said: "O Allah, of whomsoever I am master, `Ali is his master. O Allah, befriend the one who befriends him, be at enmity with the one who is hostile to him, help the one who helps him, forsake one who forsakes him, aid the one who aids him, love the one who loves him and hate the one who hates him."

Ibn `Abbas said: By Allah, it became an incumbent duty on the people.

Hassan b. Thabit said:

"On the day of al-Ghadir their Prophet calls to them at Khumm; listen to the Messenger calling;

He says: Who is your master and your guardian? They said, not displaying blindness there:

Your God is our Master and you are our guardian, and you will not find from us anyone disobedient concerning the Wilaya.

He said to him: Rise, O `Ali, for I approve of you as Imam and guide after me."


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