Ghadir Khumm
in the Qur'an, Hadith, History

al-Fadl b. Dukayn b. Hammad b. Zuhayr, Abu Nu`aym al-'Ahwal al-Mula'i al-Taymi
(d. 218 AH/833 CE)

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al-Fadl b. Dukayn b. Hammad b. Zuhayr, Abu Nu`aym al-'Ahwal al-Mula'i al-Taymi
(d. 218 AH/833 CE)
Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator

Relied upon by:
Abi Dawud   Bukhari   Darimi   Ibn Hanbal   Ibn Majah   Muslim   Nasa'i   Tirmidhi  

[Al-Muraja`at, Sayyid `Abd al-Husayn Sharaf al-Din al-Musawi, Lebanon: 'Al-Muraja`at: A Shi`i-Sunni dialogue', 1415/1995, p. 103 ]

His real name is `Amr ibn Hammad ibn Zuhayr al-Malla'i al-Kufi, and he is well known by Abu Na`im. He is al-Bukhari's mentor, as the latter admits in his own Sahih. A group of elite scholars, like Ibn Qutaybah in his Al-Ma`arif, has included him among Shi`a dignitaries. Al-Thahbi mentions him in his Al-Mizan and says: "I have heard ibn Ma`in saying: `If a man's name is mentioned in the presence of Abu Na`im and he calls him a good person and praises him, then rest assured that that person is a Shi`a; whereas if he labels someone as Murji', then rest assured that he is a good Sunni.'" Al-Thahbi says that this statement proves that Yahya ibn Ma`in inclines towards believing in the Return. It also proves that the man considers al-Fadl as a very staunch Shi`a.

In his biography of Khalid ibn Mukhlid in his Al-Mizan, al-Thahbi quotes al-Jawzjani saying that Abu Na`im follows the Kufi sect, i.e. Shi`ism. To sum up, the fact that al-Fadl ibn Dakin is a Shi`a has never been disputed. Nevertheless, all authors of the six sahih books rely on him. Refer to his hadith in Bukhari's Sahih from Humam ibn Yahya, `Abdul-`Aziz ibn Abu Salamah, Zakariyyah ibn Abu Za'idah, Hisham al-Distwa'i, al-A`mash, Misar, al-Thawri, Malik, Ibn `Ayinah, Shaybah, and Zuhayr. His hadith in Muslim is transmitted by Saif ibn Abu Sulayman, Isma`il ibn Muslim, Abu `Asim Muhammad ibn Ayyub al-Thaqafi, Abul Amis, Musa ibn `Ali, Abu Shihab Musa ibn Nafi`, Sufyan, Hisham ibn Sa`d, `Abdul-Wahid ibn Ayman, and Isra'il. Al-Bukhari quotes him directly, while Muslim quotes his hadith as transmitted by Hajjaj ibn al-Sha`ir, `Abd ibn Hamid, Ibn Abu Shaybah, Abu Sa`d al-Ashajj, Ibn Namir, `Abdullah al-Darmi, Issaq al-Hanzali, and Zuhayr ibn Harb.

He was born in 133, and he died in Kufa on a Thursday night on the last day of Sha`ban, 210, during al-Mu`tasim's reign. Ibn Sa`d mentions him on page 279, Vol. 6, of his Tabaqat, describing him as "trustworthy, reliable, a man who has narrated a great deal of hadith, and an authority therein."



[Tahdhib al-Tahdhib, Ibn Hajar al-`Asqalani, Shihab al-Din Ahmad b. Nur al-Din `Ali, Abu al-Fadl al-Shafi`i, Haydarabad: Da'irat al-ma`arif al-nizamiyyah (12 vols), 1325-7 AH, v. 8, p. 270-276 ]

Ya`qub b. Shaybah said: he was reliable and trustworthy. Considered reliable by Ahmad [b. Hanbal], Abu Hatim, Ibn al-Madani, al-`Ijli, Ibn Sa`d, Ibn Shahin and al-Khatib in his Ta'rikh [Baghdad]. Ya`qub b. Sufyan said: Our scholars agree that Abu Nu`aym belonged to the utmost of mastery [in his field].


[Tadhkirat al-huffaz, al-Dhahabi, Shams al-Din Muhammad b. Ahmad b. `Uthman, Abu `Abd Allah, Haydarabad: Da'irat al-ma`arif al-nizamiyyah, 1333 AH, v. 1, p. 341 ]

Ya`qub b. Shaybah said: he was reliable and trustworthy. Considered reliable by Ahmad [b. Hanbal], Abu Hatim, Ibn al-Madani, al-`Ijli, Ibn Sa`d, Ibn Shahin and al-Khatib in his Ta'rikh [Baghdad]. Ya`qub b. Sufyan said: Our scholars agree that Abu Nu`aym belonged to the utmost of mastery [in his field].

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