in the Qur'an, Hadith, History
Ahmad b. al-Husayn b. `Ali, Abu Bakr al-Bayhaqi
[Al-Kamil fi al-Tarikh, Ibn al-'Athir, Abu al-Hasan `Izz al-Din `Ali b. Muhammad b. `Abd al-Karim, Unidentified edition, , vol. 10, p. 20 ]
[Tabaqat al-Shafi`iyya al-Kubra, Al-Subki, `Abd al-Wahhab b. `Ali, Cairo: Maktabat al-`Arab, n.d., vol. 3, p. 3 ]
[Biographical Notes in 'Reliance of the Traveller', Noah (Nuh) Ha Mim Keller, USA: Sunna Books, 1991 CE, x103 (pp. 1041-2) ]
Bayhaqi (f8.44) is Ahmad ibn al-Husayn ibn `Ali, Abu Bakr al-Bayhaqi, born in Khasrajand, a village around Bayhaq near Nishapur, Persia, in 384/994. A principle hadith master (hafiz) and Shafi`i Imam, he was raised in Bayhaq, but travelled to gain Sacred Knowledge to Baghdad, Kufa, Mecca, and other cities. Dhahabi was to say of him, "Had Bayhaqi wanted to found his own school of jurisprudence and be its mujtahid, he would have been able to, because of the vast range of subjects of which he was a master, and his knowledge of scholarly differences." Bayhaqi's works amount to nearly one thousand volumes, treating the sciences of hadith, Koranic exegesis, Sacred Law, tenets of faith, and other subjects. The Imam of the Two Sanctuaries Juwayni once observed, "Every Shafi`i scholar is indebted to Shafi`i except Bayhaqi, to whom Shafi`i is indebted for his writing so many works strengthening the school, expanding questions on which the Imam had been brief, and supporting his positions." He died in Nishapur in 458/1066 (al-A`lam (y136), 1.116).
[Tabaqat al-Huffaz, al-Suyuti, Jalal al-Din `Abd al-Rahman b. Kamal al-Din Abi Bakr, al-Shafi`i, Cairo (?): Maktabah Wahbah, , p. 433 (or check index) ]
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