in the Qur'an, Hadith, History
`Iyad b. Musa, Abu al-Fadl al-Yahsabi al-Sabti al-Qadi
[Biographical Notes in 'Reliance of the Traveller', Noah (Nuh) Ha Mim Keller, USA: Sunna Books, 1991 CE, x296 (pg. 1089) ]
Qadi `Iyad (o25.3(a)) is `Iyad ibn Musa ibn `Iyad ibn `Imran, Abu al-Fadl al-Yahsabi, born in Sabta (present-day Ceuta, on the Strait of Gibraltar) in 476/1083. The Imam of western Muslimdom in hadith and Arabic lexicology, he was a gifted Maliki scholar and author who wrote a number of books in the sciences of hadith, Maliki jurisprudence, and history, though he is best remembered for his two-volume al-Shifa bi ta`rif huquq al-Mustafa [The cure, in outlining the attributes of the Chosen One], universally acknowledged as among the finest works ever written on the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace). He was appointed as the judge (Ar. qadi, whence the nickname) of Sabta, then Granada, and finally Marrakesh, where he died of poisoning, allegedly by a Jew,in 544/1149 (al-A`lam (y136), 5.99).
[al-Ghadir fi al-kitab wa'l-sunnah wa'l-adab, al-Amini, `Abd al-Husayn Ahmad al-Tabrizi al-Najafi, Beirut: Mu'assasat al-A`lami (11 vols), 1414 AH/1994 CE, vol. 1, p. 149 ]
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