Ghadir Khumm
in the Qur'an, Hadith, History

Ibn Khaldun, Wali al-Din `Abd al-Rahman b. Muhammad, al-Hadrami al-'Ashbili al-Maliki
(d. 808 AH/1406 CE)

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Ibn Khaldun, Wali al-Din `Abd al-Rahman b. Muhammad, al-Hadrami al-'Ashbili al-Maliki
(d. 808 AH/1406 CE)
Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator

[Biographical Notes in 'Reliance of the Traveller', Noah (Nuh) Ha Mim Keller, USA: Sunna Books, 1991 CE, x167 (pg. 1056) ]

Ibn Khaldun (b3.1) is `Abd al-Rahman ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad, Abu Zayd Ibn Khaldun, born in Tunis in 732/1332. He was a philosopher and historian who grew up in Tunis and travelled to Tlemcen, Fez, Granada, and Andalusia, where he was appointed to various governmental positions, which he lost through the vicissitudes of the day and eventually returned to Tunis. He then set out for Egypt, where the sultan al-Zahir welcomed and honored him, appointing him to the Maliki judgeship, a position from which he was dismissed for preferring his native Tunisian dress during the hours of work over the customary judicial robes, but to which he was later reinstated. He is most famous for his seven-volume al-`Ibar wa diwan al-mubtadi' wa al-khabar fi tarikh al-`arab wa al-`ajam wa al-barbar [The reflections and record of subject and predicate: a history of the Arabs, Persians, and Berbers], whose al-Muqaddima [The prolegomenon] is considered the world's first work on social theory. He died in Cairo in 808/1406 (al-A`'lam (136), 3.330).

[al-Ghadir fi al-kitab wa'l-sunnah wa'l-adab, al-Amini, `Abd al-Husayn Ahmad al-Tabrizi al-Najafi, Beirut: Mu'assasat al-A`lami (11 vols), 1414 AH/1994 CE, vol. 1, pp. 164-5 ]
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