in the Qur'an, Hadith, History
Muhammad b. al-Hasan, Abu `Abd Allah al-Shaybani
[Biographical Notes in 'Reliance of the Traveller', Noah (Nuh) Ha Mim Keller, USA: Sunna Books, 1991 CE, x257 (pg. 1077) ]
Muhammad ibn Hasan Shaybani (w43.1) is Muhammad ibn al-Hasan ibn Farqad, Abu `Abdullah al-Shaybani, born in Wasit, Iraq, in 131/748. A mujtahid Imam of powerful intellect, prodigious mastery of Koranic and hadith primary texts, and the matchless legal training of being educated by Imams Abu Hanifa, Abu Yusuf, and Malik, he was among the greatest figures in the history of Islamic jurisprudence. He was raised in Kufa where he first met Abu Hanifa, joined his school of thought, and distinguished himself before moving to Baghdad, where he was appointed by Harun al-Rashid to the judiciary. He was among the sheikhs of Imam Shafi`i, who once observed, "If I wished to say that the Koran was revealed in the language of Muhammad ibn Hasan, I could say it, for the purity of his Arabic." He wrote a large number of works in Sacred Law and its methodology, as well as in the sciences of hadith, and it is related that when Imam Ahmad was once asked, "From whence did you acquire these legal subtleties?" he replied, "From the books of Muhammad ibn Hasan." He died in 189/804 in Rayy, Persia (al-A 'lam (y136), 6.80; Siyar a`lam al-nubala' (y37), 9.13436; Sheikh Shu`ayb Arna'ut; and n).
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