Table of Contents

Alternation Of Power And Sovereignty

Alternation of Power and Soverignty الدّول والدّولة

1. The signs of alternation of power are the creation of stratagems.

1ـ أماراتُ الدُّوَلِ إنْشاءُ الحِيَلِ.

2. One of the signs of alternation of power is vigilance in safeguarding affairs.

2ـ مِنْ أماراتِ الدَّوْلَةِ التَّيَقُّظُ (اليَقْظَـةُ) لِحِراسَةِ الأُمُورِ.

3. The sovereignty of the honourable is one of the most beneficial gains.

3ـ مِنْ أعْوَدِ الغَنائِمِ دَوْلَةُ الأكارِمِ.

4. From the indicators of alternation of power is decrease of negligence.

4ـ مِنْ دَلائِلِ الدَّوْلَةِ قِلَّةُ الغَفْلَةِ.

5. Nothing protects empires like justice.

5ـ ما حُصِّنَ الدُّوَلُ بِمِثْلِ العَدْلِ.

6. The decline [and imminent fall] of empires is evinced by four things: neglecting the principles [and core values of justice and equity], clinging to vanities, promotion of the wicked and demotion of the virtuous.

6ـ يُسْتَدَلُّ على إدْبارِ الدُّوَلِ بِأرْبَع: تَضييعُ الأُصولِ، والتَّمَسُّكُ بِالغُرُورِ، وَ تَقْديمُ الأراذِلِ، وتأخيرُ الأفاضلِ.

7. The sovereignty of scoundrels is founded on oppression and corruption.

7ـ دَوْلَةُ الأوْغادِ مَبْنِيَّةٌ علَى الجَورِ والفَسادِ.

8. The sovereignty of the great (or honourable) people is one of the best of bounties.

8ـ دَوْلَةُ الأكابِرِ (الاكارِم) مِنْ أفْضَلِ المَغانِمِ.

9. For every empire there is a period [after which it falls].

9ـ لِكُلِّ دَوْلَة بُرْهَةٌ.