Table of Contents

Justice And The Just

Justice and the just-العدل والعادل

1. Justice is the better of the two policies.

1ـ اَلعَدْلُ أفْضَلُ السِّياسَتَيْنِ.

2. Justice is the cornerstone of faith and the accumulator of benevolence.

2ـ اَلعَدْلُ رَأسُ الإيمانِ، وجَمّاعُ الإحْسانِ.

3. Justice is the mainstay of the populace and the splendour of the rulers.

3ـ اَلْعَدْلُ قِوامُ الرَّعِيَّةِ، وجَمالُ الوُلاةِ.

4. Justice means that you act equitably when you are oppressed, and kindness means that when you gain authority, you forgive.

4ـ اَلعَدْلُ أنَّكَ إذا ظُلِمْتَ أنْصَفْتَ، والفَضْلُ أنَّكَ إذا قَدَرْتَ عَفَوْتَ.

5. Be just and you will rule.

5ـ اِعْدِلْ تَحْكُمْ.

6. Be just and you will rule.

6ـ اِعْدِلْ تَمْلِكَ.

7. Be just and your power will last.

7ـ اِعْدِلْ تَدُمْ لَكَ القُدْرَةُ.

8. Have recourse to justice with good intention for the populace, reduced covetousness and increased piety.

8ـ اِسْتَعِنْ عَلَى العَدْلِ بِحُسْنِ النِّيَّةِ فِي الرَّعيَّةِ، وقِلَّةِ الطَّمَعِ، وكَثْرَةِ الوَرَعِ.

9. The loftiest of endowments is justice.

9ـ أسْنَى المَواهِبِ العَدْلُ.

10. The best [form of] justice is assisting the oppressed.

10ـ أحْسَنُ العَدْلِ نُصْرَةُ المَظْلُومِ.

11. The most just of all people is he who is equitable to the one who has oppressed him.

11ـ أعْدَلُ النّاسِ مَنْ أنْصَفَ مَنْ ظَلَمَهُ.

12. Verily being fair in [your] ruling and eschewing oppression are part of justice.

12ـ إنَّ مِنَ العَدْلِ أنْ تُنْصِفَ فِي الحُكْمِ، وتَجْتَنِبَ الظُّلْمَةَ.

13. Indeed justice is the scale of Allah, the Glorified, which He has placed among the creation and installed for the establishment of truth; so do not oppose Him in His scale and do not contradict Him in His authority.

13ـ إنَّ العَدْلَ ميزانُ اللّهِ سُبْحانَهُ الَّذي وَضَعَهُ فِي الخَلْقِ، ونَصَبَهُ لإقامَةِ الحَقِّ، فَلا تُخالِفْهُ في ميزانِهِ، ولاتُعارِضْهُ في سُلْطانِهِ.

14. Verily Allah, the Glorified, has enjoined justice and benevolence and has forbidden indecency and injustice.

14ـ إنَّ اللّهَ سُبْحانَهُ أمَرَ بِالعَدْلِ والإحْسانِ، ونَهى عَنِ الفَحْشاءِ والظُّلْمِ.

15. Justice is brings harmony while oppression causes deviation.

15ـ اَلعَدْلُ مَأْلُوفٌ، اَلجَوْرُ عَسُوفٌ.

16. Justice is the soul of testimony.

16ـ اَلقِسْطُ رُوحُ الشَّهادَةِ.

17. Justice is the life of decrees.

17ـ اَلعَدْلُ حَياةُ الأحْكامِ.

18. Justice is the best testimony.

18ـ اَلقِسْطُ خَيْـرُ الشَّهادَةِ.

19. Justice reforms the people.

19ـ اَلْعَدْلُ يُصْلِحُ البَريَّةَ.

20. Justice is a merit for the ruler.

20ـ اَلعَدْلُ فَضيلَةُ السُّلْطانِ.

21. Justice is the greatest of riches.

21ـ اَلعَدْلُ أغْنَى الغَناءِ.

22. Justice is equity.

22ـ اَلعَدْلُ إنْصافٌ.

23. Justice is a foundation [for a healthy society]; oppression is destruction.

23ـ اَلعَدْلُ مِلاكٌ، اَلجَوْرُ هَلاكٌ.

24. The just [ruler] is a custodian who awaits one of the two rewards (or the better of the two rewards).

24ـ اَلعادِلُ راع يَنْتَظِرُ أحَدَ الجَزائَيْنِ (أحْسَنَ الجزاعين).

25. The most just among the creation is one who judges best according to the truth.

25ـ أعْدَلُ الخَلْقِ أقْصاهُمْ بِالحَقِّ.

26. The most just of all people is he who is equitable despite having power, and the one who has the greatest clemency is he who is clement despite having authority.

26ـ أعْدَلُ النّاسِ مَنْ أنْصَفَ عَنْ قُوَّة، وأعْظَمُهُمْ حِلْماً مَنْ حَلُمَ عَنْ قُدْرَة.

27. Through justice, bounties are multiplied.

27ـ بِالعَدْلِ تَتَضاعَفُ البَـرَكاتُ.

28. Through justice, the populace is reformed.

28ـ بِالعَدْلِ تَصْلُحُ الرَّعِيَةُ.

29. Allah, the Glorified, made justice a mainstay for mankind, a purification from oppressions and vices, and as an opening for [the spreading of] Islam.

29ـ جَعَلَ اللّهُ سُبْحانَهُ العَدْلَ قِواماً لِلأنامِ، وتَنْزيهاً مِنَ المَظالِمِ والآثامِ، وتَسْنِيَةً لِلإسْلامِ.

30. Virtuous justice is [the cause of] organization [and harmony] among the people.

30ـ حُسْنُ العَدْلِ نِظامُ البَريَّةِ.

31. The best of policies is justice.

31ـ خَيْرُ السِّياساتِ العَدْلُ.

32. How can one who is unjust to himself be just with others?!

32ـ كَيْفَ يَعْدِلُ في غَيْرِهِ مَنْ يَظْلِمُ نَفْسَهُ؟!

33. Justice suffices as a means of governance.

33ـ كَفى بِالعَدْلِ سائِساً.

34. Let your riding mount be justice, for one who rides on it gains mastery.

34ـ لِيَكُنْ مَرْكَبُكَ العَدْلَ فَمَنْ رَكِبَهُ مَلَكَ.

35. Justice can never be achieved until injustice falters [and comes to an end].

35ـ لَنْ يُتَمَكَّنَ العَدْلُ حَتّى يَزِلَّ البَخْسُ.

36. It is not from justice to judge a reliable person by conjecture [instead of accepting his testimony].1

36ـ لَيْسَ مِنَ العَدْلِ القَضاءُ عَلَى الثِّقَةِ بِالظَّنِّ.

37. One who is just gains [and strengthens his] power [and authority].

37ـ مَنْ عَدَلَ تَمَكَّنَ.

38. The ruling of one who is just gets acted upon.

38ـ مَنْ عَدَلَ نَفَذَ حُكْمُهُ.

39. The status of one who is just becomes great.

39ـ مَنْ عَدَلَ عَظُمَ قَدْرُهُ.

40. One whose justice increases, his days are praised.

40ـ مَنْ كَثُرَ عَدْلُهُ حُمِدَتْ أيّامُهُ.

41. Allah unfolds His mercy upon one who acts justly in the lands.

41ـ مَنْ عَدَلَ فِي البِلادِ نَشَرَ اللّهُ عَلَيْهِ الرَّحْمَةَ.

42. One whose deed done in private matches what he does openly and whose actions are consistent with his speech, then he is the one who has fulfilled the trust and whose justice has been established.

42ـ مَنْ طابَقَ سِـرُّهُ عَلانِيَتَهُ، ووافَقَ فِعْلُهُ مَقالَتَهُ فَهُوَ الَّذي أدَّى الأمانَةَ، وتَحَقَّقَتْ عَدالَـتُهُ.

43. Whoever acts justly, Allah fortifies his kingdom.

43ـ مَنْ عَمِلَ بِالعَدْلِ حَصَّنَ اللّهُ مُلْكَهُ.

44. Take with justice but give with munificence; you will possess two virtues.

44ـ خُذْ بِالعَدْلِ وأعْطِ بِالفَضْلِ تَحُزِ المَنْقَبَتَيْنِ.

45. The policy of justice comprises of three things: judiciousness in leniency, fairness in investigation and moderation in munificence.

45ـ سِياسَةُ العَدْلِ ثَلاثٌ: لينٌ في حَزْم، واسْتِقْصاءٌ في عَدْل، وإفْضالٌ في قَصْد.

46. Two things are such that their reward cannot be weighed: forgiveness and justice.

46ـ شَيْئانِ لايُوزَنُ ثَوابُهُما: العَفْوُ، والعَدْلُ.

47. The uprightness [and betterment] of the populace is [achieved through] justice.

47ـ صَلاحُ الرَّعِيَّةِ العَدْلُ.

48. You must be just with [both] friend and foe, and moderate in [both] poverty and wealth.

48ـ عَليْكَ بِالعَدْلِ في الصَّديقِ، والعَدُوِّ،وَ القَصْدِ فِي الفَقْرِ وَالغِنى.

49. The pinnacle of justice is for a person to be just with himself.

49ـ غايَةُ العَدْلِ أنْ يَعْدِلَ المَرْءُ في نَفْسِهِ.

50. In justice there is benevolence.

50ـ فِي العَدْلِ الإحْسانُ.

51. In justice there is betterment of the people.

51ـ فِي العَدْلِ صَلاحُ البَرِيَّةِ.

52. Following the way of Allah and the stability of nations lies in justice

52ـ فِي العَدْلِ الاِقْتِداءُ بِسُنَّةِ اللّهِ وثَباتُ الدُّوَلِ.

53. In justice there is comfort; and one for whom justice is beleaguering, then oppression will be more beleaguering [and difficult] for him.

53ـ فِي العَدْلِ سَعَةٌ، ومَنْ ضاقَ عَلَيْهِ العَدْلُ فَالجَوْرُ عَلَيْهِ أضْيَقُ.

54. From the exigencies of justice is the forbidding of oppression.

54ـ مِنْ لَوازِمِ العَدْلِ اَلتَّناهي عَنِ الظُّلْمِ.

55. Nothing brings prosperity to the lands like justice.

55ـ ما عُمِرَتِ البُلْدانُ بِمِثْلِ العَدْلِ.

56. Do not let the weak lose hope in your justice.

56ـ لا تُؤْيِسِ الضُّعَفاءَ مِنْ عَدْلِكَ.

57. There is no justice better than returning the right of the oppressed.

57ـ لاعَدْلَ أفْضَلُ مِنْ رَدِّ المَظالِمِ.

58. Justice is life.

58ـ اَلعَدْلُ حَياةٌ.

59. Justice is the best judgment.

59ـ اَلعَدْلُ خَيْـرُ الحُكْمِ.

60. Justice is [a means of attaining]) success and dignity.

60ـ اَلعَدْلُ فَوْزٌ وكَرامَةٌ (مكانَةٌ).

61. Justice is the mainstay of the populace (or of the creation).

61ـ اَلعَدْلُ قِوامُ الرَّعِيَّةِ (البَـرِيَّةِ).

62. Justice is a merit of the sultan.

62ـ العَدْلُ فَضيلَةُ السُّلْطانِ.

63. Justice is the system of leadership.

63ـ اَلعَدْلُ نِظامُ الإمْرَةِ.

64. Justice is the strongest foundation.

64ـ اَلعَدْلُ أقْوى أساس.

65. Justice is the best trait.

65ـ اَلعَدْلُ أفْضَلُ سَجِيَّة.

66. Justice relieves the one who acts upon it from being shackled by the rights of others.

66ـ اَلعَدْلُ يُريحُ العامِلَ بِِهِ مِنْ تَقَلُّدِ المَظالِمِ.

67. The bane of justice is the powerful tyrant.

67ـ آفَةُ العَدْلِ اَلظّالِمُ القادِرُ.

68. When your judgment is applied upon yourself [thereby showing your justice], the souls of [other] people summon each other towards your justice.

68ـ إذا نَفَذَ حُكْمُكَ في نَفْسِكَ تَداعَتْ أنْفُسُ النّاسِ إلى عَدْلِكَ.

69. The bane of the just [ones] is lack of piety.

69ـ آفَةُ العُدُولِ قِلَّةُ الوَرَعِ.

70. The coming to power of the just is from the necessities.

70ـ دَوْلَةُ العادِلِ مِنَ الواجِباتِ.

71. Many a just person is an oppressor.

71ـ رُبَّ عادِل جائِر.

  • 1. Or (according to Ibn Abi al-Ḥadīd’s explanation): It is not from justice to judge upon what is known [for certain] using [mere] conjecture.